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Apr 29, 2013

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Capital Crown Eco Management Human Rights Fraud Protectio...

Source: http://www.busines /2013-07-18/indone sias-palm-oil-indu stry-rife-with-hum an-rights-abuses “What kind of oil should we buy?” Luo Xiaohua shouts to her cousin from the cooking oil aisle in Yonghui Supermarket in the heart of Chongqing, a rising Chinese megacity. Luo, 50, is the quintessential Chinese shopper. She earns $3,250 a year and has an elementary education. She’s fiercely opinionated about her purchases. Luo stands before amber-hued bottles loaded with a commodity that fuels China’s and India’s growing consumer classes. “From what I understand, all of these brands contain palm oil,” she says. “But they just don’t say it on the label.” She says she’d prefer to use olive oil but can’t afford it. “Corporations have the power in this country, and consumers have to make decisions based on limited options.” Palm oil and its derivatives are found in thousands of products worldwide, from doughnuts to soap, lipstick to biodiesel. Globally, palm oil consumption has quintupled since 1990. Demand in Asia, where palm oil is widely used in cooking oil and noodles, has driven the growth of a $44 billion industry. In February, exports from Indonesia, the world’s largest producer of palm oil, hit a five-year high. STORY: An African Setback for the Palm Oil Industry Shoppers such as Luo are at the heart of that boom. China is the world’s largest consumer of vegetable oil, of which palm oil is the world’s most-produced variety. Since the late 1970s, as the Chinese shifted away from traditional staples such as rice and grains and toward a higher-fat diet, palm oil imports have grown 150-fold. As it’s grown, the palm oil industry has drawn scrutiny from environmental activists in Europe and the U.S. They decry the destruction of rainforests in Indonesia and Malaysia to support oil palm expansion, which threatens the natural habitats of endangered species such as pygmy elephants and Sumatran tigers. The human costs of the palm oil boom, however, have been largely overlooked. A nine-month investigation of the industry, including interviews with workers at or near 12 plantations on Borneo and Sumatra—two islands that hold 96 percent of Indonesia’s palm oil operations—reveale d widespread abuses of basic human rights. Among the estimated 3.7 million workers in the industry are thousands of child laborers and workers who face dangerous and abusive conditions. Debt bondage is common, and traffickers who prey on victims face few, if any, sanctions from business or government officials. The U.S. government has highlighted the prevalence of human-rights abuses in the palm oil trade: A 2012 U.S. Department of Labor report found that among the industries most notorious for forced and child labor were apparel, seafood, gold, and palm oil. But because palm oil companies face little pressure from consumers to change, they continue to rely on largely unregulated contractors, who often use unscrupulous practices. The impact of any reform efforts will be limited unless the new consumer giants—China and India, which account for more than a third of global palm oil imports—are brought into the debate. “We have a Western-facing strategy on an Eastern-facing problem,” says Dave McLaughlin, who oversees agriculture issues for the World Wildlife Fund. STORY: Indonesia Goes Green to the Dismay of Palm Oil Producers Among the world’s most significant palm oil suppliers is Kuala Lumpur Kepong, a 107-year-old Malaysian corporation. KLK, with revenue in 2012 of $3.2 billion, is by area the world’s fifth-largest palm oil plantation company. Its principal shareholder, a holding company called Batu Kawan, is controlled by KLK’s chief executive and his brother, both among Malaysia’s richest citizens. In labor-intensive cycles repeated across most of its 73 plantation estates, KLK relies on contractors who in turn enlist thousands of low-wage workers.  (Jul 18, 2013 | post #1)

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Crown Jakarta Capital Eco Management News -Unnatural England

Unnatural England: The Destruction of Flora and Fauna Great Britain is a small island, no more that 600 miles on its longest north/south axis from John O’Groats in Scotland to Lands End in Cornwall. Yet it has the most diverse geology, layer after layer of it laid down over the millennia. In other countries one might travel for 200 miles or even much more before the scenery changes in any way. Here 20 miles will do it, and the most obvious sign is what the old houses are built of. In Dorset where I live the cottages were built in chalk clunch or a mixture of flint and brick. 15 miles to the north and over the border in Somerset, the traditional building material is Hamstone. Travel another 15-20 miles and the houses are built in Blue Lias. Read the Full Article: http://www.globalr al-england-the-des truction-of-flora- and-fauna/5339840  (Jun 30, 2013 | post #1)

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Crown Jakarta Capital Eco Management News | Extreme China

Extreme China: Capital Punishment for Environmental Damage? http://www.greenop 06/24/extreme-chin a-capital-punishme nt-for-environment al-damage/ China’s economic growth could be described as quick and dirty. China’s growth has been great for the economy, but not so much for the environment. The strategy in the past could be summed up as “growth at all costs,” but now China is realizing the true cost to the environment and to its people. Air pollution in Hong Kong, a city of over seven million people, has some of the worst air pollution in the world. Air pollution has been blamed for over 300 deaths in Hong Kong in the first quarter of 2013. Other major cities in China are facing similar problems, such as Beijing, with over twenty million inhabitants, whose air quality is consistently rated hazardous. China estimates it will spend some $16 billion to combat Beijing’s air pollution. The environmental damage in China is extensive and will likely cause more deaths in the years to come. The quandary is how to get industry to change from “growth at all costs” to clean up their act. According to a new interpretation of existing laws, China could actually hand down the death penalty on serious polluters. Wait, capital punishment for damaging the environment? China is already the world leader in capital punishment, executing thousands of people, annually. The death penalty in China is often imposed for corruption and economic crimes, but could also be handed down to enforce the country’s environmental protection laws. According to Reuters, “The new judicial interpretation which took effect on Wednesday would impose ‘harsher punishments’ and tighten ‘lax and superficial’ enforcement of the country’s environmental protection laws, the official Xinhua news agency reported. ‘In the most serious cases the death penalty could be handed down.’”  (Jun 25, 2013 | post #1)

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Gestion de Capital Eco Couronne | Bois Pâtes et papiers

Bois Pâtes et papiers : Moulin à eau réutilisation disques papier chinois http://www.filtsep .com/view/32856/wo od-pulp-and-paper- water-reuse-drives -chinese-paper-mil l/ Un des plus grande pâte de bois et des usines de papier dans le monde a la conservation de l'eau au cœur de ses activités. Des techniques de filtration et de séparation permettent à Asia Pulp & papier Hainan Jinhai produire 900 000 tonnes de papier par an dans un environnement durable. Jinhai Hainan Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) est une des plus grandes usines de pâte monoligne du monde et la plus grande machine à papier dans le monde. Avec une capacité de production annuelle de 1 million de tonnes de pâte et 900 000 tonnes de papier fin, Jinhai APP Hainan est un papier, installation d'une ampleur sans précédent. Comme l'emplacement de la plus grosse machine à papier au monde - le Voith fabriqués Hainan PM2 installé en 2010 - Asia Pulp & papier Hainan Jinhai est également une des installations plus modernes, techniquement avancées et efficaces dans le monde entier. Par exemple, en 30 minutes environ le PM2 Hainan seule peut produire un rouleau de papier 11 mètres de long, à 3,5 mètres de diamètre et pesant environ 90 tonnes. Encore sortie sur cette échelle serait impossible sans les systèmes de filtration et de séparation qui font également partie du processus. Articles connexes http://www.fubiz.n et/en/usersstuff/t he-crown-capital-m anagement-internat ional-relations-ne w-type-of-china-us -relations-is-not- empty-concept-2/ http://community.f /readynpm/messages howthread?threadId =22030  (Jun 16, 2013 | post #1)