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Apr 23, 2013

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What We Do- Crown Capital Management Jakarta Indonesia

Warsaw Pact: Parliament Should Debate Climate Change http://economictim opinion/comments-a nalysis/warsaw-pac t-parliament-shoul d-debate-climate-c hange/articleshow/ 27440569.cms The just concluded climate negotiations at Warsaw have put us on a slippery slope towards a common framework where equity may not be included. A Parliamentary debate is needed as the response at the international and domestic level will shape our longer term future. Differentiation in the Climate Convention was based on three considerations. First, all countries had to take 'measures' but only developed nations were required to take 'commitments'. All countries have now also agreed to make 'contributions.' The second related to the specificity of the national reporting. The distinction was based on the national capacity to provide information, which has been steadily eroded in parallel negotiations. The third was the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. " The Convention distinguishes between assessment of aggregated effect of measures taken by developing countries and the review of emission cut commitments in each developed country. Though nations whose emissions continue to grow but are withdrawing from earlier commitments have diluted the third element, it will be the focus when 'national preparations' are discussed multilaterally in 2014. The challenge is to ensure that peer review of the information we provide recognizes the extent of poverty, our meagre contribution to global emissions and the adverse impact of climate change as we take steps to conserve natural resources. We are faced with three global limits - carbon budget, consumption by the rich and comparable standards of living for the poor. Already cities produce three-quarters of global greenhouse gases, which are directly related to shelter, mobility and food. Urbanization involves two transitions. First is the establishment of infrastructure and consumption of material resources. Second, increased incomes lead to consumption of largely non-material goods and services. Both impact human well-being. Carbon dioxide emissions doubled between 1920-1950 when electrification was completed in developed countries. They doubled again between 1950-1970 by when 75% of their population moved from rural areas. Urban consumption patterns doubled it once again and stabilization came only around 2000. China's per capita emissions are on par with EU's and are expected to double by 2020. Urban transition and industrialization will be almost complete too. India's levels are one-fourth of these and because of our young population we can grow till after 2050 to achieve those standards. Ensuring that the new climate regime will make a genuine commitment to enlarge the pie rather than help someone grab a larger slice will not be easy. The history of these negotiations reflected power: We represented, they acted. Now we have to reframe issues, as our total emissions will soon make us the third largest emitter and we may lose support among developing countries. Our policymakers should read UNESCO's 'World Social Science Report 2013: Changing Global Environments' released while the Warsaw Conference was on. It concludes that climate and global environmental change must be reframed from a physical to a social problem. Recent analysis focuseson urban consumption as the driver of global emissions. For example, carbon dioxide from transportation is expected to be half of global emissions by 2050 - more than the future use of coal in generating electricity. Similarly, agriculture is responsible for 15% of greenhouse gas emissions with beef cattle contributing half. In our case, one third of our grains and vegetables are wasted. These trends need to be modified domestically through dense urban design, energy efficiency, public transport and cutting food wastage.  (Dec 17, 2013 | post #11)

Science / Technology

Crown Jakarta Management: Benefits of biomass boiler at s... /groups/16215-THE- ENVIRONMENT/discus sions/82090 As a multi-faceted 118-acre organic agricultural site, Highfield Farm in Topsham runs not only as a fully functioning farm, but also as an established campsite and well-known local educational facility. So, when its owners, Ian and Lyndsay Shears, started working towards an even more environmentally friendly agricultural establishment, there were many elements to consider in their long-term plans. They began their eco-systems by installing 42 PV panels throughout the farm. Having already started to see the huge benefits associated with creating their own electricity, when the time came to replace the old gas-fired boiler, they were already considering the installation of a replacement, environmentally friendly and renewable energy-sourced biomass boiler. Mr Shears explained: “We’d been considering biomass for a couple of years. We are Soil Association-certif ied and we installed solar PV panels to create our own electricity harnessed from sunlight, which also meant a lot of economic sense. “When we converted some of our barns, an additional heat requirement was created that our old gas boiler simply could not cope with efficiently. So, we decided biomass was the way forward.” Exeter-based renewable firm Fair Energy provided the new biomass heating and water system, not least because, based in Exeter, they were the most local to his farm too. “Our conference facility accommodates up to 50 people. Rain water from our barns supplies the loos, and the 10kW solar PV system provides the electrical power,” Mr Shears added. “So, we felt that to be able to heat it and the water with a renewable energy source – our own wood from the farm – would really enhance the whole building itself, particularly in relation to our organic, environmental status.” The installation at Highfield Farm took place in August and the 90kW biomass boiler was installed and sized to cope with both the immediate and future requirements. Already covering 2,000 square feet, the system will cope with an additional 3,000 square feet when all the buildings are converted. At first, the biomass boiler ran on wood chip pellets, but now Mr Shears is sourcing wood chippings locally in Newton Poppleford. Next year, Highfield’s fuel will be totally self-sufficient as he intends to use the farm’s own coppice, which will be cut next summer in time for use in the autumn. He explained: “We’ve been really impressed with the biomass installation and feel it might also eventually help us with the campsite facilities. We’re currently installing a new shower block that will initially run off the solar panels next year, but also have the option with the new biomass system to consider linking the showers to the mains if necessary. “It’s estimated that our new biomass boiler will save us a massive £12,500 with RHI and fuel savings annually.” Highfield Farm has already run an event about renewable energy and, with its weekly visits from local schools, who help with all sorts including the kitchen garden, sewing seeds, soil preparation, weeding and harvesting, the Shears feel that if renewable energy gets included on school curriculum’s, they are well placed to talk about and demonstrate the benefits of biomass. Fair Energy’s Director, Kirsten Parrick, commented: “Highfield Farm is an extremely proactive farming site in terms of its environmental awareness, eco-systems and renewable energy. Ian and Lyndsay display a clear understanding of all the benefits as well as a deep-rooted environmental conscience”. More Topics: http://www.shelfar 4/discussions/4783 64/Crown-Capital-M anagement-Environm ental-News /posts/crown-capit al-eco-management- world-s-first-alga e-house-produces-g reen-energy-at-iba -hamburg  (May 23, 2013 | post #1)

Business News

British Support for Renewable Energy Continues To Grow

http://kellymcclou 1022.html A new survey conducted by the British Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) has found British support for renewable energies has grown in the past year. The survey, DECC Public Attitudes Tracker, was run from early 2012 through to last March. There were four surveys — one longer survey and three shorter ones — concluded with a face-to-face in-home interview with a representative sample of 2,051 households. Below are the key findings which were taken from the survey, as finalised after Wave 5. For a full comparison of wave 5 findings against the previous four waves, head on over to the DECC website and access the full questionnaire, the full wave 5 dataset, and more. ENERGY BILLS & SWITCHING: six in ten people concerned about energy bills; increased interest in collective switching Concern about energy bills has reached the highest level since wave 1, with 59% of UK adults concerned about rising bills (56% in wave 1) and 45% to 50% over waves 2-4. This is likely to have been influenced by the unseasonably cold weather prior to and during the fieldwork period. Awareness of collective switching increased to 27%, from 21% in wave 1 and there was a significant increase in the proportion of people interested in joining a collective switching scheme, up to 42% from 34% in wave 1. 16% have switched energy supplier in the last year, similar to the wave 1 figure of 15%. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY SECURITY: not seen as key challenges facing the UK but, when asked directly, concern about energy security is rising; strong support for mix of energy sources In spite of increased concern in wave 5, climate change and energy security are not viewed as key challenges facing Britain today. 5% of respondents saw climate change as the top challenge, up from 2% in wave 1; and 6% cited security of energy supply, double the wave 1 level of 3%. When asked directly, 66% were concerned about climate change (similar to wave 1’s 65%), with 12% attributing it to natural causes, down from 15% in wave 1. Concern about energy security has increased since wave 2 (when the questions were first asked). 88% were concerned about steep rises in energy prices in the future (the next 10-20 years) in wave 5, up from 84% in wave 2; 79% were concerned about the UK becoming too dependent on energy from other countries, up from 74% in wave 2; and 75% were concerned the UK is not investing fast enough in alternative sources of energy, up from 71% in wave 2. There is strong support for a mix of energy sources: 81% agreed that the UK needs a mix of energy sources to ensure a reliable supply of electricity. This is unchanged from the wave 1 level of 82%. CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE: small rise in awareness Awareness of CCS increased to 41%, from 36% in wave 1. 57% of those aware of the technology supported its use to generate electricity in the UK. SHALE GAS: awareness level rises from 42% to 52% Awareness, at any level, of hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’, to extract shale gas rose by ten percentage points to 52% since wave 2 – the first time the question was asked. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES: steady growth in support Support for renewable energy sources to provide the UK’s electricity, fuel and heat rose to 82%, from 79% in wave 4 (and 79% in wave 1). Support for individual renewable technologies is at similar levels to wave 1, with 85% now supporting solar, around three-quarters supporting wave and tidal (77%) and off-shore wind (76%) and around two-thirds supporting on-shore wind (68%) and biomass (64%). The proportion of households who had installed under floor insulation increased to 15%, from 11% in wave 2. Related topic: /groups/16215-THE- ENVIRONMENT/discus sions/81032  (May 13, 2013 | post #1)