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Around 60 healthy people are expected to be given doses of the vaccine as part of the clinical trial at the University of Oxford. The vaccine is made from a harmless chimpanzee virus that has been genetically modified to carry a benign payload of ebola DNA.
A new blood test is the first objective scientific way to diagnose major depression in adults, a new study claims. The test measures the levels of nine genetic indicators in the blood.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified a highly sensitive means of analyzing very tiny amounts of DNA. The discovery, they say, could increase the ability of forensic scientists to match genetic material in some criminal investigations.
What we know -- and psychiatrists have diagnosed for decades -- as schizophrenia may really be eight separate diseases, research published in The American Journal of Psychiatry suggests. Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis analyzed the DNA of more than 4,000 people with schizophrenia.
Approximately one out of every 40 individuals in the United States is a carrier of the gene responsible for spinal muscular atrophy , According to recent studies. This illness is a neurodegenerative disease that causes muscles to weaken over time.
A new, large cohort analysis from the prospective Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial, indicates that men who had moderate baldness affecting both the front and the crown of their head at age 45 were at a 40% increased risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer later in life, compared to men with no baldness. There was no significant link between other patterns of baldness and prostate cancer risk.
Neuroscientists have found that a gene mutation that arose more than half a million years ago may be key to humans' unique ability to produce and understand speech. Researchers from MIT and several European universities have shown that the human version of a gene called Foxp2 makes it easier to transform new experiences into routine procedures.
Schizophrenia is generally considered to be a disorder of brain development and it shares many risk factors, both genetic and environmental, with other neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and intellectual disability. The normal path for brain development is determined by the combined effects of a complex network of genes and a wide range of environmental factors.
Hundreds of novel genes in the zebrafish have been identified that could be functionally identical to the human genes required for forming motile cilia, hair-like structures on the surface of airway cells. These are required for removing dust and pathogens from the human airway.
Doctors have discovered that patients with a particular genetic variation are four times more likely to develop pancreatitis if they are prescribed a widely used group of drugs. Clinicians at the Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Exeter Medical School have discovered that 17 per cent of patients who have two copies of a particular genetic marker are likely to go on to develop pancreatitis if they are prescribed thiopurine drugs.
Response Genetics it has launched a new and innovative Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Profile that merges rapid turnaround on National Comprehensive Cancer Network guideline markers with next-generation sequencing. When I covered the company in depth I had discussed that novel tests in the pipeline were being developed and could serve as a catalyst for the company.
Last week, the woman who discovered BRCA1, a gene that in a mutated form increases vulnerability to breast cancer, received a Lasker Award for her achievements in medical science. Mary-Claire King of the University of Washington, who simultaneously published an article in JAMA about population-based screening for cancer-related genetic mutations , took the opportunity to call for much wider use of genetic screening for breast and ovarian cancer than currently exists.
New research shows that schizophrenia is not a single disease, but a group of eight distinct disorders, each caused by changes in clusters of genes that lead to different sets of symptoms. Schizophrenia is eight different diseases, not one New research shows that schizophrenia is not a single disease, but a group of eight distinct disorders, each caused by changes in clusters of genes that lead to different sets of symptoms.
A potential way to treat muscular dystrophy directly targets muscle repair instead of the underlying genetic defect that usually leads to the disease. Muscular dystrophies are a group of muscle diseases characterized by skeletal muscle wasting and weakness.
Scientists have identified 23 new genetic variants that indicate a person's risk of prostate cancer, enabling them to explain up to a third of inherited risk. Screening for prostate cancer has seen huge advances, with scientists recently identifying 23 new genetic variants associated with risk of the disease.
Tiny marine algae can evolve fast enough to cope with climate change in a sign that some ocean life may be more resilient than thought to rising temperatures and acidification, a study showed. Evolution is usually omitted in scientific projections of how global warming will affect the planet in coming decades because genetic changes happen too slowly to help larger creatures such as cod, tuna or whales.
Updated: Wed Sep 17, 2014 04:30 am
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