Muslim inventions that shaped the modern WORLD................

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“http://www.wakeu pproject.com/”

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#1
Dec 7, 2013
 
Muslim inventions that shaped the modern world :

http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/meast/01/29/mus...

London, England (CNN)-- Think of the origins of that staple of modern life, the cup of coffee, and Italy often springs to mind.

But in fact, Yemen is where the ubiquitous brew has its true origins.

Along with the first university, and even the toothbrush, it is among surprising Muslim inventions that have shaped the world we live in today.

The origins of these fundamental ideas and objects -- the basis of everything from the bicycle to musical scales -- are the focus of "1001 Inventions," a book celebrating "the forgotten" history of 1,000 years of Muslim heritage.

"There's a hole in our knowledge, we leap frog from the Renaissance to the Greeks," professor Salim al-Hassani, Chairman of the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation, and editor of the book told CNN.

"1001 Inventions" is now an exhibition at London's Science Museum. Hassani hopes the exhibition will highlight the contributions of non-Western cultures -- like the Muslim empire that once covered Spain and Portugal, Southern Italy and stretched as far as parts of China -- to present day civilization.

Here Hassani shares his top 10 outstanding Muslim inventions:

1. Surgery

Around the year 1,000, the celebrated doctor Al Zahrawi published a 1,500 page illustrated encyclopedia of surgery that was used in Europe as a medical reference for the next 500 years. Among his many inventions, Zahrawi discovered the use of dissolving cat gut to stitch wounds -- beforehand a second surgery had to be performed to remove sutures. He also reportedly performed the first caesarean operation and created the first pair of forceps.

2. Coffee

Now the Western world's drink du jour, coffee was first brewed in Yemen around the 9th century. In its earliest days, coffee helped Sufis stay up during late nights of devotion. Later brought to Cairo by a group of students, the coffee buzz soon caught on around the empire. By the 13th century it reached Turkey, but not until the 16th century did the beans start boiling in Europe, brought to Italy by a Venetian trader.

3. Flying machine

"Abbas ibn Firnas was the first person to make a real attempt to construct a flying machine and fly," said Hassani. In the 9th century he designed a winged apparatus, roughly resembling a bird costume. In his most famous trial near Cordoba in Spain, Firnas flew upward for a few moments, before falling to the ground and partially breaking his back. His designs would undoubtedly have been an inspiration for famed Italian artist and inventor Leonardo da Vinci's hundreds of years later, said Hassani.

4. University

In 859 a young princess named Fatima al-Firhi founded the first degree-granting university in Fez, Morocco. Her sister Miriam founded an adjacent mosque and together the complex became the al-Qarawiyyin Mosque and University. Still operating almost 1,200 years later, Hassani says he hopes the center will remind people that learning is at the core of the Islamic tradition and that the story of the al-Firhi sisters will inspire young Muslim women around the world today.

5. Algebra

The word algebra comes from the title of a Persian mathematician's famous 9th century treatise "Kitab al-Jabr Wa l-Mugabala" which translates roughly as "The Book of Reasoning and Balancing." Built on the roots of Greek and Hindu systems, the new algebraic order was a unifying system for rational numbers, irrational numbers and geometrical magnitudes. The same mathematician, Al-Khwarizmi, was also the first to introduce the concept of raising a number to a power.

Introduction 1001 Inventions Muslim Heritage Islamic Science :

http://www.youtube.com/watch...

“http://www.wakeu pproject.com/”

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#2
Dec 7, 2013
 
6. Optics

"Many of the most important advances in the study of optics come from the Muslim world," says Hassani. Around the year 1000 Ibn al-Haitham proved that humans see objects by light reflecting off of them and entering the eye, dismissing Euclid and Ptolemy's theories that light was emitted from the eye itself. This great Muslim physicist also discovered the camera obscura phenomenon, which explains how the eye sees images upright due to the connection between the optic nerve and the brain.

7. Music

Muslim musicians have had a profound impact on Europe, dating back to Charlemagne tried to compete with the music of Baghdad and Cordoba, according to Hassani. Among many instruments that arrived in Europe through the Middle East are the lute and the rahab, an ancestor of the violin. Modern musical scales are also said to derive from the Arabic alphabet.

8. Toothbrush

According to Hassani, the Prophet Mohammed popularized the use of the first toothbrush in around 600. Using a twig from the Meswak tree, he cleaned his teeth and freshened his breath. Substances similar to Meswak are used in modern toothpaste.

9. The crank

Many of the basics of modern automatics were first put to use in the Muslim world, including the revolutionary crank-connecting rod system. By converting rotary motion to linear motion, the crank enables the lifting of heavy objects with relative ease. This technology, discovered by Al-Jazari in the 12th century, exploded across the globe, leading to everything from the bicycle to the internal combustion engine.

10. Hospitals

"Hospitals as we know them today, with wards and teaching centers, come from 9th century Egypt," explained Hassani. The first such medical center was the Ahmad ibn Tulun Hospital, founded in 872 in Cairo. Tulun hospital provided free care for anyone who needed it -- a policy based on the Muslim tradition of caring for all who are sick. From Cairo, such hospitals spread around the Muslim world.

“http://www.wakeu pproject.com/”

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#4
Dec 7, 2013
 
How Islamic inventors changed the world :

From coffee to cheques and the three-course meal, the Muslim world has given us many innovations that we take for granted in daily life. As a new exhibition opens, Paul Vallely nominates 20 of the most influential- and identifies the men of genius behind them

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/how...

1) The story goes that an Arab named Khalid was tending his goats in the Kaffa region of southern Ethiopia, when he noticed his animals became livelier after eating a certain berry. He boiled the berries to make the first coffee. Certainly the first record of the drink is of beans exported from Ethiopia to Yemen where Sufis drank it to stay awake all night to pray on special occasions. By the late 15th century it had arrived in Mecca and Turkey from where it made its way to Venice in 1645. It was brought to England in 1650 by a Turk named Pasqua Rosee who opened the first coffee house in Lombard Street in the City of London. The Arabic qahwa became the Turkish kahve then the Italian caffé and then English coffee.

2) The ancient Greeks thought our eyes emitted rays, like a laser, which enabled us to see. The first person to realise that light enters the eye, rather than leaving it, was the 10th-century Muslim mathematician, astronomer and physicist Ibn al-Haitham. He invented the first pin-hole camera after noticing the way light came through a hole in window shutters. The smaller the hole, the better the picture, he worked out, and set up the first Camera Obscura (from the Arab word qamara for a dark or private room). He is also credited with being the first man to shift physics from a philosophical activity to an experimental one.

3) A form of chess was played in ancient India but the game was developed into the form we know it today in Persia. From there it spread westward to Europe - where it was introduced by the Moors in Spain in the 10th century - and eastward as far as Japan. The word rook comes from the Persian rukh, which means chariot.

4) A thousand years before the Wright brothers a Muslim poet, astronomer, musician and engineer named Abbas ibn Firnas made several attempts to construct a flying machine. In 852 he jumped from the minaret of the Grand Mosque in Cordoba using a loose cloak stiffened with wooden struts. He hoped to glide like a bird. He didn't. But the cloak slowed his fall, creating what is thought to be the first parachute, and leaving him with only minor injuries. In 875, aged 70, having perfected a machine of silk and eagles' feathers he tried again, jumping from a mountain. He flew to a significant height and stayed aloft for ten minutes but crashed on landing - concluding, correctly, that it was because he had not given his device a tail so it would stall on landing. Baghdad international airport and a crater on the Moon are named after him.

“http://www.wakeu pproject.com/”

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#5
Dec 7, 2013
 
5) Washing and bathing are religious requirements for Muslims, which is perhaps why they perfected the recipe for soap which we still use today. The ancient Egyptians had soap of a kind, as did the Romans who used it more as a pomade. But it was the Arabs who combined vegetable oils with sodium hydroxide and aromatics such as thyme oil. One of the Crusaders' most striking characteristics, to Arab nostrils, was that they did not wash. Shampoo was introduced to England by a Muslim who opened Mahomed's Indian Vapour Baths on Brighton seafront in 1759 and was appointed Shampooing Surgeon to Kings George IV and William IV.

6) Distillation, the means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points, was invented around the year 800 by Islam's foremost scientist, Jabir ibn Hayyan, who transformed alchemy into chemistry, inventing many of the basic processes and apparatus still in use today - liquefaction, crystallisation, distillation, purification, oxidisation, evaporation and filtration. As well as discovering sulphuric and nitric acid, he invented the alembic still, giving the world intense rosewater and other perfumes and alcoholic spirits (although drinking them is haram, or forbidden, in Islam). Ibn Hayyan emphasised systematic experimentation and was the founder of modern chemistry.
Prince

Hopkins, MN

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#6
Dec 7, 2013
 
People say "I wish Muslims never existed"
If we never had, they would be still living in the Middle Ages
libax

Anonymous Proxy

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#7
Dec 8, 2013
 
thanx abdi
Gardarro

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#8
Dec 8, 2013
 
Amazing how Muslims have contributed to the civilization of this world and how the majority of the world population are ignorant about this reality. But who really cares about that.

“He who is brave , is free”

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#9
Dec 8, 2013
 
Were are all the Islam haters? Did they die of a heart attack when they found out western civilization was indeed inspired by the Islamic world and without it they would've been living in caves.

“turn back the hands of time”

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#11
Dec 9, 2013
 

Judged:

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Magnus Cerebrum wrote:
Were are all the Islam haters? Did they die of a heart attack when they found out western civilization was indeed inspired by the Islamic world and without it they would've been living in caves.
Be honest, whatever inventions muslims made were made INSPITE of the religion and NOT because of it. The answer to Everything in Islam "Is Allah willed it", which forecloses intellectual inquiry. this is not to say that Muslims never engage in intellectual inquiry, but when they do is not because of religion, even though some may claim that´s the case inorder to save face. Anywho, what is your argument? So what if western civilization was inspired by Islamic civilization? Islamic civilization was inspired by other ancient civilizations, Roman, Greek, Indian, Persian etc. Or are you one of those Islamotards raised in dugsi who believes that civilization started year 622?
Sheikh Voodoo

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#12
Dec 9, 2013
 
While Arabs and Persians were inventing some few basic stuff like the tooth brush, what were the Somalis inventing? This is what an Arab writer traveller/explorer in the early 13th century, wrote about Somali women that he observed in his visit to Somalia. This is how he describes them.

Ibn-al Mujawir(1232)(Tarikh al-Mustabsir)(Guide to Arabia)

A word on the shamelessness of Somali women (nisa al-barabir).

When a Somali women is quarrelling with another, she removes all her clothes, slaps her breasts, claps, jumps up and down and her eyes stare piercingly into the face of the other (tasluq ayna-ha fi wajh sahibat-ha). Both of them are now (as if) sleeping, then bending over; now laughing and crying; then scowling and repressing (their feelings). She plucks out her pubic hair, sprinkling it into the air. She puts her finger into her vagina and makes the other lick her vaginal juices (min rahim-ha). Or, she pushes her finger into her anus and makes her adversary smell the excrement. Whatever one does, the other does also. I have never seen (anyone more shameless, dirtier and more immodest than the Somalis – may God give them no reward for their being Muslims.

http://www.geocities.ws/pderideaux/mujawir.ht...

“YOLO”

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#13
Dec 9, 2013
 
You know what Voodoo, I really hate that word, and if your aim was using this stupid name to make people shiver while typing the word, well congrats you have succeded in that,it certainly gives me the shivers,.you really are a disgusting human being you know that, and you never fail to say the most disgusting words befitting your status,.I don't know if you get a kick from this cause its really not funny.
Sheikh Voodoo

Saint Kilda, Australia

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#14
Dec 9, 2013
 
raxma wrote:
You know what Voodoo, I really hate that word, and if your aim was using this stupid name to make people shiver while typing the word, well congrats you have succeded in that,it certainly gives me the shivers,.you really are a disgusting human being you know that, and you never fail to say the most disgusting words befitting your status,.I don't know if you get a kick from this cause its really not funny.
Raxma

Don't blame me, I didn't write that piece, it was written by a Muslim Arab writer/explorer on a visit to Somalia. The same Arab Muslims that you guys here are using their inventions, as if they share it with Somalis. That is what he wrote for his Muslim Arab readers back in Arabia about the Somalis. Take your concerns with him and not with me.
Sheikh Voodoo

Saint Kilda, Australia

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#15
Dec 9, 2013
 
I know you are a superstitious person, and if you are afraid of the word Voodoo, just call me Sheikh.

“YOLO”

Since: Nov 13

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#16
Dec 9, 2013
 
He wrote it you wrote it I don't care, you're both disgusting people, and not a word of it is true, and he is stupid if he thinks god will reward him for that shit, and he has the audacity to say may allah not reward them for being muslims, yeah like he's gonna be rewarded for being a total asshole, this is just another way of making fun of us, and its not even funny,this has nothing to do with the inventors not sharing credit with somalis, this a thumbs up for all muslims, and iam not calling you sheikh okay,.I have so many names I can call you thank you very much.
Ahmed

Belfast, ME

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#17
Dec 9, 2013
 
First of all, these were the slave women that the Arabs came for. They could not just waltz into a somali mans abode and take his wife, so he settled for slaves which at the says that the Arabs were inspecting the woman in ways a muslim man should not if you know what i mean. Here it is
The female slave would be fumigated with aromatic smoke (tubahhar), perfumed and adorned (tuaddal) with incense, her waist would be tightened up waist wrapper. The caller (munadi) would take her by her hand and walk with her around the market calling for her sale. The immoral (fuggar) merchants would gather, inspect her hands, feet, legs, thighs, navel, chest, breasts and back. They would measure her behind in spans (yasbur) check her tongue teeth and hair the merchant does a thorough job (yabdul al-maghud). And if she had clothes on, he would strip her and scrutinize her, and ultimately he would check her vagina and her behind… If he liked her, he would buy the girl and she would stay with him for about 10 days. And when he had fulfilled his desires to the fullest, Zaid the buyer would say to Umar the seller,“ By the name of God, O Khawaja, let us go to the judge. Both would stand before the judge and (the unsatisfied buyer) would relate the defects (ayb)(of the girl)

“http://www.wakeu pproject.com/”

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#18
Dec 10, 2013
 
Prince wrote:
People say "I wish Muslims never existed"
If we never had, they would be still living in the Middle Ages
Most people who mindlessly watch TV, don't know anything about historical facts. So you're absolutely right. Do you know, how clueless people get if you tell them about modern hospitals and universities were invented by Muslim men and women?

People nowadays have been so brainwashed that they assume, Muslims never invented anything. They don't realize, how much Muslims have influenced their daily lives by the time they wake up to rush to grab some coffee all the way through the night as they look at the clock before going to sleep.

The Muslim haters hate informations like these, because it exposes them as nothing but liars and deceivers. Those who are honest will always seek the truth no matter where it takes them.

“http://www.wakeu pproject.com/”

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#19
Dec 10, 2013
 
libax wrote:
thanx abdi
Thanks walaal.

“http://www.wakeu pproject.com/”

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#20
Dec 10, 2013
 
INSEARCH_OF wrote:
<quoted text>
Be honest, whatever inventions muslims made were made INSPITE of the religion and NOT because of it. The answer to Everything in Islam "Is Allah willed it", which forecloses intellectual inquiry. this is not to say that Muslims never engage in intellectual inquiry, but when they do is not because of religion, even though some may claim that´s the case inorder to save face. Anywho, what is your argument? So what if western civilization was inspired by Islamic civilization? Islamic civilization was inspired by other ancient civilizations, Roman, Greek, Indian, Persian etc. Or are you one of those Islamotards raised in dugsi who believes that civilization started year 622?
Contrary to what you seem to believe in, but Muslims are obligated to seek knowledge in Islam. The very first words revealed to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who couldn't read nor write was about seeking knowledge from God.

Holy Quran 96:1-5

"Recite, In the name of thy Lord who created man from a clot. Recite, And thy Lord is the Most Generous Who taught by the pen, taught man that which he knew not."

Holy Quran 20:114

"My Lord! Enrich me with knowledge."

Muslims were able to invent because of their religion not inspite of it. The Islamic Golden Age is a well known historical fact which even contributed to the Jewish Golden Age as they were protected and nurtured by the Muslims.

"Science without Religion Is Lame, Religion without Science Is Blind"

Albert Einstein

“http://www.wakeu pproject.com/”

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#21
Dec 10, 2013
 
raxma wrote:
He wrote it you wrote it I don't care, you're both disgusting people, and not a word of it is true, and he is stupid if he thinks god will reward him for that shit, and he has the audacity to say may allah not reward them for being muslims, yeah like he's gonna be rewarded for being a total asshole, this is just another way of making fun of us, and its not even funny,this has nothing to do with the inventors not sharing credit with somalis, this a thumbs up for all muslims, and iam not calling you sheikh okay,.I have so many names I can call you thank you very much.
What do you expect from a voodoo doll? When these trolls are exposed they try to change the subject hoping to not discuss the Islamic achievements. First they try to deny it, but when it's too bearable to handle, they try to deflect it by saying, who did what which inreturn defeats their whole argument process.

These trolls are afraid to talk about the Somali Empires, Mathematicians, Philosophers, Astronomers, Theologians, and Boqors (Kings) during the Islamic Golden age so they try to use diving tactic. Cowards like him who hide behind PC screens are known for that.
dynasty

UK

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#22
Dec 10, 2013
 
Sorry... just a little sumthin, sumthin

Somalis

Both sexes pay great attention to their teeth. The tooth-brush, consisting of a fibrous twig of a tree, is in constant use; and I have never seen any race of people possessing such white, regular, and perfect sets of teeth." (Rigby, 1867)

http://black-in-asia.com/post/52361530284/quo...

“There is no one alive as tough as the Somali nomad. No one. An askari wounded in a fight in the Haud country walked 14 miles holding his guts in his hand, was sewn up and lived to soldier again. And the women are as spiritually strong as their men.”

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