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Singapore, Singapore

#42 Aug 26, 2013
S'pore population up to 5.31 million due to 'strong manpower demand'

Published on Sep 28, 2012

By Janice Heng

The total population in Singapore hit 5.31 million at the end of June, up from 5.18 million a year ago, according to the Government's annual Population in Brief report released on Friday morning.

The citizen population grew to 3.29 million, up from 3.26 million in June 2011, while the number of permanent residents (PR) stayed fairly stable at 0.53 million.

Singapore, Singapore

#44 May 1, 2014
The Republic's population experienced its slowest growth rate in nine years, according to government report

Published: September 26, 2:03 PM

SINGAPORE - Singapore's population grew by 1.6 per cent, the slowest growth rate in the past nine years, according to a government report published today.

As of June this year, Singapore’s total population stood at 5.4 million, said the National Population and Talent Division (NPTD). The citizen population grew by 0.9 per cent to 3.31 million - and continued to grow older, with 11.7 per cent aged 65 and above. In 2002, those aged 65 and above comprised 7.8 per cent. The median age of the citizen population also rose to 40 years in 2013, up from 35.3 years in 2002.

The ethnic profile of the citizen population continues to remain stable. Meanwhile, the permanent resident (PR) population remained stable at 0.53 million. Most of the PRs here are in the prime working ages of 25 and 49 years old, according to the NPTD.

Noting that 20,000 new citizens were granted citizenship, it added,“We plan to continue this calibrated rate of immigration of between 15,000 and 25,000 new citizens each year to keep our citizen population from shrinking.”

New citizens are drawn from the pool of existing PRs, except for overseas-born children of Singapore Citizen parents.

Calling permanent residence “an intermediate step” through which suitable foreigners and spouses take up citizenship in Singapore, the Government said it will grant about 30,000 PRs each year – down from the average of 58,000 between 2004 and 2008 – to keep the PR population stable at between 0.5 million and 0.6 million and to ensure “a pool of suitable candidates for citizenship”.

The NPTD said the growth in the non-resident population slowed, mainly due to slower foreign employment growth as result of tightened foreign manpower policies and weaker economic conditions. Growth in foreign employment in the non-construction sectors slowed to 3.5 per cent - about half compared to the year before - with the bulk of foreign employment growth driven by the construction sector to support key infrastructure projects such as housing and transport.

More Singaporeans are getting married, and the birth rates here have improved. Singapore’s resident Total Fertility Rate (TFR) increased from 1.20 in 2011 to 1.29 in 2012, with improvements seen across all ethnic groups.

The Chinese experienced the largest increase in TFR – possibly driven by the Dragon year – while that of Malays continued to be the highest among all major ethnic groups.

“Nevertheless, the overall TFR has remained below the replacement level of 2.1 for more than three decades. We need to continue our efforts to provide a supportive environment for Singaporeans to achieve their aspirations of getting married and having children,” the NPTD added.

Singapore, Singapore

#45 May 1, 2014
Why Singapore needs new citizens
tabla! Friday, Apr 27, 2012
If Singapore wants to prevent a decline in its citizen population from 2025, it will need 20,000 to 25,000 new citizens each year.
That is assuming no big increase in the number of Singaporean babies born here.
The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is now 1.2, one of the lowest in the world. If it stays as it is and Singapore shuts out new migrants from this year, the citizen population will start shrinking in 13 years' time.
This means the pool of working age citizens will also drop steadily from today's 2.1 million to about 1.5 million in 2060.
These are some of the scenarios highlighted in a paper that the National Population and Talent Division (NPTD) released on April 24.
The five scenarios drawn up by NPTD, using data from the Department of Statistics, are based on the following assumptions:
TFR is raised to 2.1 with immediate effect and no immigration.
TFR stays at 1.2 and the number of new citizens each year is zero.
TFR remains at 1.2 and there are 15,000 new citizens per year.
TFR remains at 1.2 with 20,000 new citizens per year.
TFR remains at 1.2 with 25,000 new citizens per year.
A comparison shows that only with an annual injection of 20,000 to 25,000 new citizens a year can the citizen population size be kept at a constant level of four million. In all other scenarios, the total number of citizens will dwindle.
From 2007 to 2010, Singapore's intake of new citizens ranged from over 17,334 to 20,513. Last year saw 15,777 additions to the citizen population.
The citizen population does not include permanent residents or foreigners.
The paper shows that the entry of new citizens into Singapore will supplement the shortfall in births and mitigates the decline in population, while also slowing down the decline in the pool of working-age citizens as well as the rate of ageing.
A key point from the paper is that, regardless of which scenario comes to pass, Singapore's citizen population will continue to age.
In the best-case scenario, median age rises from 39 in 2011 to 42 in 2060. In the worst case, it jumps to as high as 55.
From now to 2030, Singapore will also see "an unprecedented age shift, as over 900,000 baby boomers will retire from the workforce and enter their silver years", NPTD said in the paper.
The NPTD is releasing information to spur study and discussion in the lead-up to a White Paper on population matters, due by the end of the year.
It has launched focus group discussions with different segments of the community. From the middle of the year, it will engage the public in a variety of avenues, including dialogues and online channels, to discuss population issues holistically.
"Through this process, we hope to bring to light issues that are important to Singapore and Singaporeans, and develop a shared understanding of our strategies to build a sustainable population that secures Singapore's future," the NPTD told The Straits Times.
Members of the public may access the paper and give their comments at

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