There are no Memorials of the Soviet ...

There are no Memorials of the Soviet and Communist terror in Poland

Posted in the Poland Forum


Kraków, Poland

#1 Feb 7, 2013
Poland is the only country, in which there are no Memorials of the Soviet and Communist terror and the Victims of this terror, said a historian dr Tomasz Labuszewski, during a conference dedicated to a published by Institute of National Remembrance, picture album:“Tracking the crime. The guide to the places of the communist repressions 1944-1956”.

The tracks of the repressions are consistently covered up, when a building is renovated or knocked down.

In Poland we officially have talked about the Communist crimes for nine years only. The good reputation of the perpetrators of the crimes is zealously guarded by so-called mainstream media (leftist-liberal media which guards post-communist order in Poland) and also by the living perpetrators and co-perpetrators of the crimes, their families and ideological supporters. Under the special protection was put the feelings and interests of our biggest Eastern neighbor.

In August 2010, on the 90th anniversary of the The Battle of Warsaw (the Miracle at the Vistula), when the Polish Army saved Europe from the Bolshevik invasion, the president of Poland Bronislaw Komorowski, together with the newly appointed (after the Smolensk catastrophe) Chairman of The Council for the Protection of Struggle and Martyrdom Sites, Andrzej, Krzysztof Kunert in company of the Ambassador of the Russian Federation were going to unveil a monument in honour of the fallen Soviet soldiers, in Ossow. Behind the Orthodox cross there were placed bent forward bayonets, ready to an armed clash with an enemy. The late prof Jozef Szanawski named this idea “a Poles’ resistance test”

The Polish state doesn’t pass the “resistance test”. Our honor is rescued by individual people and the actions of the Institute of National Remembrance, which is under fire because of this. The guide to the places of the communist repressions catalogues: the seats of the UB (Polish secret police under Communism), prisons and camps subordinate to the Ministry of Public Security of Poland (a Polish communist secret police, intelligence and counter-espionage service operating from 1945 to 1954 under Jakub Berman of the Politburo), secret jails and posts of the NKVD , Smersh (the Russian counterespionage organization responsible for maintaining security within the Soviet armed and intelligence services; Origin: abbreviation of Russian Smertʹ shpionam, literally 'death to spies') and the Main Directorate of Information of the Polish Army (first military Police and counter-espionage organ in communist Poland after the World War II), as well the secret graves of the killed by them people. It tells the story of the 200 places in the whole Poland seen through the fates of specific people. To save their memory, to write down what happened in the territory of Poland after 1944. Not many eyewitness of the events are still alive and the people don’t usually associate the places connected with NKVD and UB. Some people tried to forget the events connected with the places, probably because of the fear. Others were not taught about the events even after 1989 at school. So far in Warsaw the Polish authorities haven’t cared of commemorating even by a plaque on a building the fates of the people who were in Praga (the right-bank Warsaw) when the WWII was ending. Why are we losing the fight for the memory? Why the solidarity of Poles (so strong during the first years after the WWII) has ended.

Kraków, Poland

#2 Feb 7, 2013
The Soviets entered Praga already on 14 September 1944. They were observing, how during the Warsaw Uprising, left-bank Warsaw is dying at the hands of Germans. And then they supported Germans in liquidating the Polish elites. In front of the eyes of the citizens of Praga the exchange of the German occupation for the Soviet one happened in Warsaw.


NKVD-NKGB and Smersh were involved in fighting the Polish Underground State, Polish military organizations not controlled by PKWN (Polish Committee of National Liberation - which was fully dependent, sponsored and controlled by the Soviet Union). PKWN, which was established by the USSR before the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising, subjected the Polish citizens to the jurisdiction of the Soviet bodies. The “Polish” new state’s security bodies wouldn’t have managed by themselves, with “Polish masses”, brought up by “the blackest forces of reaction”. Even though already in April 1944 the main Directorate of the Union of Polish Patriots (a political body created by Polish communists and Joseph Stalin in Soviet Union in 1943) began a training course in NKVD’s school in Kuybyshev in USSR for the future corps of security bodies in communist Poland.

The first seat of the gen Ivan Aleksandrovich Serov, the deputy of Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria, an expert in fighting against the Polish Underground State was located in a tenement at Strzelecka 8 Street in Warsaw. He worked there with the whole NKVD staff (one of his wolkers was Jozef Swiatlo (born Izaak Fleischfarb)- He was nicknamed "Butcher" – the torture master – by the MBP prisoners). The AK (Homeland Army), NSZ (National Armed Forces) and WiN (Freedom and Independence) Soldiers, and those who run to the left-bank, fighting Warsaw’s aid were held prisoner there in the basements. These Polish patriots accused falsely of collaboration with the Gestapo, accused of fascism and “anti-Soviet activity” were hit, humiliated, tortured during interrogations, which were conducted at night and then they were murdered. The screams and calling for help were drowned out by the music from radio sets, and the shots sounds during executions were drowned out by the whirring sound from engine of a truck which drove up to the building. First the bodies were buried in the courtyard. In the next building at Strzelecka 10/12, in the seat of the commander of the NKVD’s Praga operational group, were held 16 leaders of the Polish Underground State prisoner, before carrying them off to Moscow. In the nearby tenements (no 40 and 46) a NKVD company stationed till 1947.

In Jagiellonska Street at numbers 1, 9, 17, 28 and 34 lived the judges and prosecutors of the Soviet War Tribunal. At number 38, in the lecture theatre of the Wladyslaw IV secondary school the trials were conducted. In the school’s basements there was a Smersh jail. On the sports field, in a shed and pits covered by barbed wire prisoners were kept, amongst them the Polish soldiers. The windows overlooked the garden were painted over, you weren’t allowed to open them.

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