Kutschera was sentenced to death by the secret Special Court of the Polish Underground State for the crimes against Polish nation, in particular mass murders of civilians in occupied Warsaw. The death sentence was approved by the Polish government in exile and the execution order was given by the commander of KeDyw, Gen. Emil August Fieldorf Nil. The assassination, code named Operation Kutschera a part of Operation Heads, was carried out in front of Kutscheras Warsaw residency and near the Warsaw SS headquarters.At 08.50 AM on 1 Feb 1944, Kutschera had just departed from his Warsaw home, traveling in a vehicle for the SS headquarters. One of the assassins blocked his vehicle with another, and the other two machine-gunned Kutschera's vehicle, killing him.
In the assassination of Franz Kutschera took part 12 people: Bronislaw Pietraszewicz "Lot" - the commander of the assassination, Stanislaw Huskowski "Ali", Zdzislaw Poradzki "Kruszynka", Michal Issajewicz "Mis", Marian Senger "Cichy", Henryk Humięcki "Olbrzym", Zbigniew Gesicki "Juno", Bronislaw Hellwig "Bruno", Kazimierz Sott "Sokol", Maria Stypulkowska-Chojecka "Kama", Elzbieta Dziebowska "Dewajtis", Anna Szarzynska-Rewska "Hanka".
As a result of the operation 4 participants perished. Gesicki "Juno" and Sott "Sokol", surrounded by Germans on the Kierbedz bridge, jumped into Wisla river and drowned in the river. Seriously injured Pietraszewicz "Lot" and Senger "Cichy" died a few days after the assassination.
The German losses: 5 killed and 9 injured.
In retaliation for the assassination of Franz Kutschera, Germans imposed 100 million zlotys tribute on Warsaw, and a day after the assassination, on 2 February 1944 in Ujazdowskie Avenue, near the place where the assassination took place, executed 100 of hostages. It was one of the last public executions before the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising on 1st August 1944.