"Melhem contrasts this ninth-century tolerance with the 'sectarian cancer' that today is eating Syria, Iraq and so many other Arab nations. He wrote in An Nahar:'Today’s Middle Eastern Muslims, with their narrow sectarian awareness, appear extremely far from the humane sources that under Islam made them the second civilization after the great Romans ...'
"The Cordoban spirit was described by Maria Rosa Menocal ... She described how the Arab Muslim rulers of the time promoted a freedom of thought that, in addition to producing great art and the beginnings of modern mathematics and science, also allowed other religions to prosper ..."
... by taxing them as dhimmis?
Islam has always spread by the sword.