The first escape from Auschwitz - 6th...

The first escape from Auschwitz - 6th July 1940

Posted in the Germany Forum


Kraków, Poland

#1 Jul 5, 2013
A Pole Tadeusz Wiejowski was the first prisoner of German concentration camp Auschwitz, who managed to escape from the camp. As punishment Germans called a punitive assembly of prisoners, during which a Polish Jew Dawid Wongczewski died and became the first victim of the camp. On Saturday falls the 73rd anniversary of the events.

Wiejowski was a shoemaker and came from Kolaczyce. He landed in Auschwitz with the first transport to Auschwitz from the prison in Tarnow in 14 June 1940. He got the prisoner's camp number - 220. He escaped on 6 July 1940. Polish workers (Boleslaw Bicz, Emil Kowalowski, Stanislaw Mrzyglod, Jozef Muszynski i Jozef Patek) who worked as electricians for a German company helped him. Four of them were the members of the Union of Armed Struggle.

The escapee disguised as an electrician, left the camp in electricians’ company. He got provisions and some money from them. He got out of the vicinity of the camp by train.

After uncovering the escape, Germans ordered punitive assembly of prisoners. It started on 6 July 1940 at 6 p.m. and lasted incessantly for 19 hours. Germans during the whole night were walking between the prisoners’ rows and were hitting and kicking the prisoners. The first time a public flogging was ordered.

In the punitive assembly participated all the 1311 prisoners from the Auschwitz camp. Among them were a Polish Jew Dawid Wongczewski who landed in Auschwitz with the second transport from the prison in Wisnicz Nowy on 20 June 1940. He had beating and torturing marks on his body. After arriving he landed in the camp’s hospital. He didn’t survive the assembly. He died at night during the assembly. He was the first victim of the German concentration camp Auschwitz.

The camp Gestapo carried out a minute investigation. The Polish whorkers who helped the excepee were arrested and landed in the camp. They were put through a brutal investigation. Originally, they were sentenced to death but then the punishment was changed into flogging and imprisonment in Auschwitz. Only Boleslaw Bicz survived the camp. He died shortly after WWII. The prisoners, who were suspected of helping with the escape, were transported by Germans to Flossenbuerg camp.

Tadeusz Wiejowski was hiding out in Kolaczyce over one year. In the autumn 1941 he was arrested by Germans and landed in a prison near Jaslo, and then in the same year (1941) he was executed in an out of order oil well near Jaslo.

Germans established Auschwitz concentration camp for Poles, especially the Polish intelligentsia. Aushwitz II – Birkenau was built 2 years later. Birkenau became the place of the mass murder of Jews.



The First transport to Auschwitz - 14.06.1940r

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