CYPRUS HISTORY BY George Nakratzas (1...

CYPRUS HISTORY BY George Nakratzas (1963-1974)

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Since: Dec 09

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#1 May 9, 2010
Any nationalist expansionist policy can be carried out only by means of war. And the people have to be psychologically prepared for this by a propaganda device, which idealises their own acts and demonizes those of the enemy.
Istanbul with great barbarity in 1955; and it is equally well known that dozens, if not hundreds, of Greek Cypriot captives were executed in Cyprus in 1974. Rauf Denktash has publicly admitted it.
But what the young people of Greece have no idea of is that Turkish Cypriots were murdered by the parastatal groups run by Sampson, Yeorgadzis, and Lyssaridis between 1963 and 1967. It should be borne in mind that at that time the Cypriot government was responsible for safeguarding the life, the honour, and the property of all Cypriot citizens, irrespective of national or religious identity.
A somewhat more detailed analysis of the Greek and foreign literature on the events in Cyprus in this period may fill the gap in young modern Greeks' knowledge.
The invasion of Cyprus by the Turkish army in 1974 resulted in the partition of the island into two zones, a northern zone populated by Turkish Cypriots and Turkish settlers and a southern zone populated by Greek Cypriots. Since then, the Cypriot government has steadfastly demanded the withdrawal of the Turkish occupation forces so that Cyprus may be restored to its former status. However, a study of the relations between the two communities between 1963 and 1967 may tell us something about the quality of their 'peaceful co-existence'.
Regarding the Greek Cypriots' supposed intention to live in peace and equality with the Turkish Cypriots, an extract from a speech by Archbishop Makarios in the village of Panayia is particularly telling. It is quoted by Rustem and Brother, according to whom, on 4 September 1962, Makarios said: Until this small Turkish community, forming a part of the Turkish race, which has been the terrible enemy of Hellenism, is expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA can never be considered as terminated.(1, p. 47)
A letter from Denktash protesting about the Panayia speech was never answered.
Fourteen months later, on 30 November 1963, Makarios submitted his famous thirteen-point amendment of the Constitution, in direct contravention, as he himself publicly admitted, of the Geneva Convention (2, p. 56). The Geneva Convention ruled out any unilateral change to the Cypriot Constitution, as also any partition of the island or unification with Greece. It should be borne in mind that even today the Republic of Cyprus derives its legitimacy from the Geneva Convention.
Makarios's proposed changes would have meant that the Turkish Vice-President would lose his right of veto and would be elected not by the Turkish Cypriots but by the parliamentary majority, i.e. the Greek Cypriots. These two articles, together with another nine similar ones, would have lost the Turkish Cypriots the rights which the Cypriot Constitution had guaranteed them until then.
The Cypriot mass media presented the Turkish Cypriots' refusal to accept this unilateral amendment of the Constitution as 'Turkish insubordination to the state', which was quite untrue, because, as we have seen, from a legal point of view it was not the Turkish Cypriots, but Makarios who had made a unilateral, arbitrary attempt to violate the Constitution.
General Karayannis, Commander of the Cypriot National Guard,
confirmed that it was not the Turks who initiated the so-called insubordination in an interview in Ethnikos Kirix on 15 June 1965:
When the Turks objected to the amendment of the Constitution, Archbishop Makarios put his plan into effect and the Greek attack began in December 1963.(3, p. 87)

Since: Dec 09

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#2 May 9, 2010
That Makarios had a premeditated plan to exterminate the Turks is also indirectly confirmed by the Communist Party of Cyprus, which published the following critique of the Archbishop in issue No. 57 of its organ Neos Dimokratis in July 1979: Armed by Makarios, Mr Lyssaridis ... formed his own armed bands, which, in 1963-4, together with those of Yeorgadzis and Sampson, waged a 'liberation struggle' against the Turkish Cypriots and as a result brought us the Green Line and, eventually, Attila.(2, p. 67)
That the sole purpose of the so-called liberation struggle was to force the Turkish Cypriots to yield to Makarios's unilateral amendment of the Constitution is also officially revealed by an article in the Cypriot newspaper Haravyi, which was published on the second day of the clashes, 22 December 1963: And since it is accepted that the tension is the result of the climate created by the Zurich and London agreements and the undemocratic terms of the Constitution,... the Turkish government,... which is inflaming the tempers of our fanatical compatriots, and the Turkish Cypriot leadership must reconsider their negative attitude and approach the President of the Republic's proposals in a constructive manner.(2, p. 73)
The Greek Cypriot assault on the Turkish Cypriots started
on 21 December 1963, when Greek Cypriot police officers shot and killed a Turkish Cypriot couple in the Turkish sector of Nicosia while attempting to carry out a spot check.
The most serious attack was the assault on Omorfita, a suburb of Nicosia inhabited by 5,000 Turkish Cypriots. The Greek Cypriot parastatals were headed by Nikos Sampson, whom the Greek Cypriot press henceforth dubbed 'the conqueror of Omorfita'. The material damage wreaked by Sampson's parastatals in Omorfita is described in the UN Secretary General's report No. S/5950 to the Security Council, which states that 50 houses were totally destroyed and 240 partially destroyed (4, para. 180). As for the human losses, 4,500 Turkish Cypriots managed to flee to the Turkish sector of Nicosia and 500 were captured and taken to Kykkos School in Nicosia, where they were held with 150 Turkish Cypriots from the village of Kumsal.
On Christmas day, 150 of the 700 or so captives were selected and dragged away, and the sound of shooting followed.
Gibbons reports that an English teacher at Kykkos School told the High Commission that she had seen the results of the shooting; whereupon, for security reasons, the British administration put her on the first plane to London, because she was the only eye witness to what_ha3J§ppened (5, p. 139). As for the 150 captives, the Greek Cypriot authorities told their families for many years that they should regard them as missing. Other major assaults by the Greek Cypriots near Nicosia targeted the villages of Mathiati, Ayos Vassilios, and Kumsal. In Kumsal, the Greek Cypriot parastatals executed 150 people in cold blood.
The most apalling photograph, which went round the world, showed three small children and their mother lying dead in a pool of blood in the bath in their home. These unfortunates were the family of Major Ilhan, an officer in the Turkish expeditionary force in Nicosia (3, p. 95).
In the surgical clinic in Nicosia Hospital, the Greek Cypriots dragged from their beds twenty-two Turkish Cypriot convalescents, all trace of whom vanished for ever (3, 91).

Since: Dec 09

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#3 May 9, 2010
Government and parastatal armed forces continued their attacks on the Turkish Cypriots over the next four months. One notable incident, which almost provoked a Greek-Turkish war, took place at Famagusta, where, on 11 May 1964, three Greek officers and a Greek Cypriot policeman took their car into the Turkish sector, possibly intending to make a display of power. A Turkish Cypriot policeman attempted to obstruct them, there was an exchange of fire, and in the end two of the Greek officers, the Greek Cypriot policeman, and a passing Turkish Cypriot lay dead. Two days later, the Greek Cypriots abducted thirty-two Turkish Cypriots, who were never seen again. The abduction is confirmed by the UN Secretary General's report No. S/5764 (6, para. 93).
Lastly, on 9 August 1964, there was the attack on the Turkish Cypriot enclave of Kokkina-Mansoura, where the Turkish air force ended the hostilities by dropping napalm bombs.
The UN Secretary General's report No. S/5950, para. 142, tells us that, during the period of the hostilities — from 21 December 1963 to 8 June 1964 — 43 Greek Cypriots and 232 Turkish Cypriots disappeared and have been officially posted as missing ever since. The missing Turkish Cypriots include the 150 hostages from Kykkos School in Nicosia and the 32 abductees from Famagusta.
The Cypriot media constantly show pictures of Greek Cypriot women holding photographs of their nearest and dearest and seeking information about their whereabouts; yet the Greek media have never shown similar pictures of Turkish Cypriot women seeking information about their own lost relations.
The termination of the Cypriot government's assaults on the Turkish Cypriots led to the creation of Turkish Cypriot enclaves, where the Turkish Cypriot refugees lived in wretched conditions for no less than eleven years. According to Kranidiotis, in Unfortified State: Cyprus 1960-74 (in Greek):
…these enclaves occupied 4.86 per cent of Cypriot territory Seeing that the Greek Cypriot armed bands were unable to assert themselves over the Turks,... on 26 December, Makarios was obliged to accept the Green Line.... Six large Turkish enclaves were formed,... which corresponded to 4.86 per cent of the territory of Cyprus.(2, p. 75)
From 1964 to 1967, owing to the restrictive measures imposed by the Greek Cypriot government, the day-to-day efforts of the confined Turkish Cypriots consisted exclusively in a struggle for survival. Apart from imposing an economic embargo on the enclaves, the Makarios administration also banned the supply of strategic commodities, such as cement, tractors, men's socks, and wollen clothing.
The imposition of the military dictatorship in Greece in 1967 heralded fresh problems for Cyprus. On 15 November 1967, Greek and Greek Cypriot forces armed with cannon, machine-guns, and bazookas attacked the lightly armed Turkish Cypriots in the villages of Ayos Theodoros and Kofinou in the Larnaca area. As the defences crumbled, the Greek Cypriots killed twenty-seven Turkish Cypriots (3, p. 139).
The incident brought Greece and Turkey to the brink of war, which was avoided only when the illicit Greek division and General Grivas were recalled from Cyprus.
UN OBSERVER

London, UK

#5 May 11, 2010
Some one is telling the reall TRUTH
UN OBSERVER

London, UK

#6 May 11, 2010
I can not see any responce from Greek Cypriot?
UN OBSERVER

London, UK

#7 May 11, 2010
I noticed Greeks dont like the truth to come out.
UN OBSERVER

London, UK

#8 May 11, 2010
How long Greeks will pull wool over World eyes?

Since: Mar 10

Location hidden

#9 May 11, 2010
Great posts Sultan Suleyman, keep up the good work.
FACTS

Bradford, UK

#10 May 11, 2010
The posts in this thread from Suleyman are half-truths and Turkish propaganda. For example,

"On 15 November 1967, Greek and Greek Cypriot forces armed with cannon, machine-guns, and bazookas attacked the lightly armed Turkish Cypriots in the villages of Ayos Theodoros and Kofinou in the Larnaca area. As the defences crumbled, the Greek Cypriots killed twenty-seven Turkish Cypriots (3, p. 139)."

Here is the full story in the words of Turkish Cypriot journalist the lovely Sevgul Uludag:

http://www.stwing.upenn.edu/~durduran/hamambo...

The Turkish Commander and TMT repeatedly provoked the GCs causing Grivas to retaliate, with both sides having casualties. But the above from Suleyman's posts blames everything on the GCs. This is the Turkish propaganda - blame everything on the GCs and pretend Turkey and the TC leadership are completely innocent. The British are the most to blame for the Cyprus situation.
FACTS

Bradford, UK

#11 May 11, 2010
Sevgul spoke with actual TC witnesses of the events of Kofinou.
FACTS

Bradford, UK

#12 May 11, 2010
FHGWS wrote:
Great posts Sultan Suleyman, keep up the good work.
Yes great at spreading half-truths and misinformation.
FACTS

Bradford, UK

#13 May 11, 2010
"The most apalling photograph, which went round the world, showed three small children and their mother lying dead in a pool of blood in the bath in their home. These unfortunates were the family of Major Ilhan, an officer in the Turkish expeditionary force in Nicosia (3, p. 95)."

More information from AFRIKA on the bathroom massacre incident.

Turkish Cypriot daily AFRIKA newspaper (28.02.07) reports in its first page that there is new information on the issue of the bathroom massacre incident.(TR. Note: The incident took place in 1963, where a Turkish Cypriot family was found dead in the bathroom of its house. The Turkish Cypriot side supports that the family was killed by Greek Cypriot guerrillas). AFRIKAs columnist Sener Levent reports, inter alia, in his daily Column Point of View that there is the need to clarify this issue. Mr Levent goes on and writes that the paper received two more pieces of information on this issue yesterday: The first one is related to Hasan Kudum who was hurt during the bathroom massacre incident but he did not lose his life. Asked by his friends if those who came to kill them spoke between them Greek or Turkish, Hasan Kudum stated: There were persons who spoke Greek and there were persons who spoke Turkish. The second information is related to a person who was known under the name Bozkurt (Grey wolf) and later it was found out that his real name was Kenan Coskun. Nihat Ilhan, whose wife and three children were killed in the incident, went to Kenan Coskun and asked him: Has the organisation killed my family in order to secure the intervention of Turkey in the island?. The answer given by Kenan Coskun and bothered Nihat Ilhan was the following: Go and take revenge. He did not tell him from where to take revenge, writes Sener Levent.
FACTS

Bradford, UK

#14 May 11, 2010
"We all know of the well known circulated photograph of children killed in a bathtub, which has been used by Turkey and the ilegall pseudo-state in an attempt to justify the already condemned by UN Resolutions, ilegal presence of the occupation forces on the island..

But how did it really happen ???

It was the 24th of December 1963, when the Major of the Turkish (NOT Turko-Cypriot) Army Nihat Ilhan, literally in a stage of amock, slayed his wife and three children in his house in the center of Leukosia.

Denktash and his TMT propaganda agents who's sole interest was the division of the island as their very slogan "Partition or Death" clearly indicates, took the bodies and placed them in the bathtub where the photoreporter Ahmet Baran was ordered to photograph them and distribute the pictures claiming that this was the result of HC attrocities in the city..dispite the fact that nothing had taken place in the district in question during the events of that day..

(This is a summary of the original statement given to Kostas Genaris by the very man that took the photographs, the photoreporter Ahmet Baran, as presented in his book "Ex Anatolon" p.16-18.)

The horrific events of that night were also described to Arif Hasan Tahsin, then under Denktash's orders and since then one of the major anti-Denktash and anti-occupation forces collumnist.
Denktash had told him that "These dead are usefull to us, through them, our voice will be heard around the world"

It is interesting to note that the only attempt to discredit the events described in K.Genaris' book comes not as a suprize, from the official site of Rauf Denktash . Here, we have the unfortunate pleasure of becoming, once again, witness to how the Turkish and pseudo-states propaganda machine works.

In an attempt to discredit Ahmed Baran's statement and K.Genaris book Turkey and the pseudo-state mobilized yet another individual with dubious backgroud and anything but pure intentions to promote the truth.
FACTS

Bradford, UK

#15 May 11, 2010
"We find Tom Roche who is media adviser to the former puppet-leader Denktash and his pseudo-state AND a shareholder and 'consultant' of Hillcrest Estates,(Hillcrest Estates part of the UK brach, is a Cyprus-based real estate agency.. just one of several such agencies trying to sell the illegally occupied Cypriot lands)

Tom Roche claimed that his photo was taken by his alleged friend Stan Meagher.(note that Stan Meagher is conveniently deceased) and was later seen published in Harry Scott Gibbons' "Genocide Files".

It is at least interesting to note that a distinguished photoreporter like Stan Meagher, a man who in T.Roche's own words "loved the news game" would abandon Cyprus, a Cyprus that had more than enough events to cover and return to Britain only to consume himself on taking photos of film actresses like that of Maggie Smith taken only a month after the alleged massacre.

Finally we should make reference to Harry Scott Gibbons who has circulated this picture in the highly questionable for its accuracy 'Genocide Files'..

Among several questionable accounts is the existance of some 300 tanks while we know beyond doubt that at the time, the Hellinic-Cypriots had no more than 17 !!!

While in his account of the events claims the presence of 5 more individuals in the house, its interesting to note that while Major Ilhan's wife and children were gunned down by machine guns despite the fact that the pic suprizingly shows no single bullet whole on the wall, the other hidden in the very same same bathroom, managed to get away with minor injuries..
Tc In London

Loughton, UK

#16 May 11, 2010
FACTS wrote:
The posts in this thread from Suleyman are half-truths and Turkish propaganda. For example,
"On 15 November 1967, Greek and Greek Cypriot forces armed with cannon, machine-guns, and bazookas attacked the lightly armed Turkish Cypriots in the villages of Ayos Theodoros and Kofinou in the Larnaca area. As the defences crumbled, the Greek Cypriots killed twenty-seven Turkish Cypriots (3, p. 139)."
Here is the full story in the words of Turkish Cypriot journalist the lovely Sevgul Uludag:
http://www.stwing.upenn.edu/~durduran/hamambo...
The Turkish Commander and TMT repeatedly provoked the GCs causing Grivas to retaliate, with both sides having casualties. But the above from Suleyman's posts blames everything on the GCs. This is the Turkish propaganda - blame everything on the GCs and pretend Turkey and the TC leadership are completely innocent. The British are the most to blame for the Cyprus situation.
you have to admit even from that news reporter it is bad
Tc In London

Loughton, UK

#17 May 11, 2010
FACTS wrote:
"The most apalling photograph, which went round the world, showed three small children and their mother lying dead in a pool of blood in the bath in their home. These unfortunates were the family of Major Ilhan, an officer in the Turkish expeditionary force in Nicosia (3, p. 95)."
More information from AFRIKA on the bathroom massacre incident.
Turkish Cypriot daily AFRIKA newspaper (28.02.07) reports in its first page that there is new information on the issue of the bathroom massacre incident.(TR. Note: The incident took place in 1963, where a Turkish Cypriot family was found dead in the bathroom of its house. The Turkish Cypriot side supports that the family was killed by Greek Cypriot guerrillas). AFRIKAs columnist Sener Levent reports, inter alia, in his daily Column Point of View that there is the need to clarify this issue. Mr Levent goes on and writes that the paper received two more pieces of information on this issue yesterday: The first one is related to Hasan Kudum who was hurt during the bathroom massacre incident but he did not lose his life. Asked by his friends if those who came to kill them spoke between them Greek or Turkish, Hasan Kudum stated: There were persons who spoke Greek and there were persons who spoke Turkish. The second information is related to a person who was known under the name Bozkurt (Grey wolf) and later it was found out that his real name was Kenan Coskun. Nihat Ilhan, whose wife and three children were killed in the incident, went to Kenan Coskun and asked him: Has the organisation killed my family in order to secure the intervention of Turkey in the island?. The answer given by Kenan Coskun and bothered Nihat Ilhan was the following: Go and take revenge. He did not tell him from where to take revenge, writes Sener Levent.
that post proves nothing

you are taking it like a elastic band and pulling it how you want

this sener levent is a bullshit writer of extreme he talks bullshit all the time we buy and read what he writes then laugh

because we buy that newspaper as if we was buying a comic book

the africa newspaper is Turks Beano Comic
UN OBSERVER

London, UK

#18 May 11, 2010
He is the Greek historian
CYPRUS HISTORY BY George Nakratzas (1963-1974)
UN OBSERVER

London, UK

#19 May 12, 2010
Greeks hate real "FACT's"
UN OBSERVER

London, UK

#20 May 13, 2010
Let the World know the truth history of Cyprus
UN OBSERVER

London, UK

#21 May 13, 2010
where is those EOKA supporters?

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