hydrocarbon exploration

hydrocarbon exploration

Posted in the Cyprus Forum

Since: Mar 10

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#1 Jan 10, 2013
The US State Department’s statement that any hydrocarbons discovered off the coast of Cyprus should be equally distributed between the two sides in Cyprus within the framework of a comprehensive settlement has greatly disturbed the Greek Cypriot Side. Responding to a question during his daily press briefing, the US State Department Spokesperson Victoria Nuland said that “we continue to believe that the island’s oil and gas resources, like all of its resources, should be equitably shared between the communities in the context of an overall solution”.
Nuland’s remarks sparked a reaction from the Greek Cypriot Side which claimed that the US Statement Department had changed its phrasing and references on the issue of hydrocarbon exploration.
The Greek Cypriot press claimed that Nuland had linked the issue of hydrocarbon exploration with a bi-zonal, bi-communal federal settlement under the auspices of the United Nations.

Since: Mar 10

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#2 Jan 10, 2013
President Dervis Eroglu has underlined the need for a new road map in the Cyprus negotiations process. He said that the Cyprus Turkish Side was more interested in what the next Greek Cypriot leader’s policies on the Cyprus Problem will be rather than who becomes elected. Evaluating the latest foreign and domestic issues to the TAK News Agency, President Dervis Eroglu expressed the view that new developments could unfold in the Cyprus negotiations following next month’s Presidential elections in South Cyprus.
However he said that certain conditions were needed if these developments were to lead to anything decisive. Also evaluating the Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu’s goals regarding foreign policy for 2013, Eroglu said that he agrees with the Turkish Foreign Minister in that if a new process was to begin, it had to be agreed upon by both sides.
“This as Mr. Davutoglu pointed out requires a new process and a new road map” he added. President Eroglu also said that they expected the UN Secretary General’s report extending the UN Peacekeeping Forces’ mandate on the island to be reflective of the realities, to be impartial and to be a more technical report.
On the issue of hydrocarbon exploration, the President said that the Cyprus Turkish Side’s constructive offer to carry out joint exploration and drilling with the Greek Cypriot Side still stood.
He however added that the Greek Cypriot Side preferred to carry out exploration on its own.
UnitedStatessays SHARE

London, UK

#3 Jan 10, 2013
United States says SHARE equally

Bloomington, IN

#4 Jan 10, 2013
UnitedStatessaysSHARE wrote:
United States says SHARE equally
Turkish Army stole 90% of the Islands resources from the Greeks and handed it to the 18%
Turkish minority.you Which they squandered,call that sharing?

London, UK

#5 Jan 11, 2013

The Council of Foundations -- part of Turkey's Directorate General for Foundations (VGM)-- returned 190 hectares of forestland to the Greek Orthodox Halki (Heybeliada) Seminary in İstanbul following a meeting on Thursday.
This has been the largest return of property in terms of size to a non-Muslim community since the Turkish government adopted a decree in August 2011 to return all confiscated immovable property belonging to minority foundations in Turkey.

According to the decree, minority foundations are able to reclaim real property they had declared back in 1936. All real property, cemeteries and fountains will be returned to their rightful owners. Immovable property currently belonging to third parties will also be paid for.

The 1936 Law on Foundations aimed to control non-Muslim foundations by placing them under the guardianship of the VGM.

According to the decision, 190 hectares of forestland near the Halki Seminary will be given to the seminary's owner, the Aya Triada Monastery Foundation.

Laki Vingas, the first non-Muslim citizen of Turkey to be elected as a representative of non-Muslim foundations in the Council of the General Assembly of the VGM, voiced his satisfaction over the VGM's decision to return the woodlands to the Greek Orthodox community, adding that all the returns of non-Muslim properties are being made in line with the law and that there are no problems in the implementation of the law.

“This is the restoration of a right,” he told Today's Zaman.

Vingas noted that there have been many other property returns that were higher in value but the return of the forestland has symbolic importance because the Halki seminary is involved.

The Halki Seminary, the only school where the Greek minority in Turkey used to educate its clergymen, was closed in 1971 during a period of tension with Greece over Cyprus and a crackdown on religious education that also included Muslim religious schools. The seminary is still closed.

Turkey's population of nearly 75 million, mostly Muslim, includes about 65,000 Armenian Orthodox Christians, 20,000 Jews, 15,000 Arameans (Syriacs) and about 3,500 Greek Orthodox Christians. While Armenian groups have 52 and Jewish groups have 17 foundations, Greeks have 75. Some of the properties seized from those foundations include hospitals, schools and cemeteries.

Since: Mar 10

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#6 Jan 11, 2013
US supports revenue-sharing agreement in Cyprus for natural gas.

The United States on Wednesday said it wanted to see Cyprus'
resources shared between the two communities living on the island.
Victoria Nuland, the spokesperson for the US State Department, said the US is interested in “revenue-sharing” as proposed by the UN.
“We are interested in this proposal for UN mediation of revenue-sharing. Overall, though, we would like to see a de-escalation of rhetoric and tension so that the UN process can move forward in a good environment,” Nuland told a daily press briefing in regards to a proposal by Turkish Cypriot leader Dervis Eroglu.
Nuland said the US continued to support the UN-led mediation on Cyprus and it discouraged any rhetoric or action that could negatively affect a peaceful settlement.
"I would note that there has recently been a request for the UN to engage in some sort of mediation on a revenue-sharing agreement for natural gas developed off of Cyprus, and we understand that the UN is considering that request, and we would consider that it would be quite constructive if the two communities could begin to work on de-escalating tensions in a way similar to that,” Nuland said.
The spokesperson said the US would support some sort of mediation, but its fundamental issue was that there is a need for resolving the long-standing Cyprus issue under the auspices of the UN.
Responding to a question on if there was a difference between the perspectives of the US and the EU on oil exploration initiatives, Nuland said: "I think if there is a dispute reconciliation resolution mechanism that could be agreed on by all concerned parties that would ensure that the communities were able to share the resources, then that would be something that we would be supportive of. But again, we're pleased to see that people are talking about resolving this dispute peacefully, de-escalating the rhetoric, and more generally, putting our energy into supporting the UN process for Cyprus' reconciliation."
On Sept. 21, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and President Dervis Eroglu of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (KKTC) signed an agreement in New York on the delineation of the continental shelf between the two countries in the east Mediterranean.
The deal gives Turkey the green light to search for oil and gas in Turkish Cypriot waters. The agreement follows a Greek Cypriot move to start offshore drilling for natural gas and oil in the southeast of the eastern Mediterranean island.
On Sept. 22, the KKTC Council of Ministers gave an exploration license to the Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) to explore for oil and natural gas in the sea around Cyprus.
President Eroglu met with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in New York on Sept. 24, and proposed to suspend oil and natural gas exploration until a comprehensive solution was found to the Cyprus question or, if the Greek Cypriot administration insisted on oil exploration, a committee to be set up by the two sides on the island to decide how to share any riches found. However, because the Greek Cypriot side failed to give a positive response to that offer, TPAO, using the Piri Reis vessel, began geophysical research and seismic data collection studies on behalf of the KKTC on Sept. 26.
In 2010, the Greek Cypriot administration and Israel signed an accord demarcating their maritime borders to facilitate a search for mineral deposits in the eastern Mediterranean.
The Greek Cypriot side has signed a deal with US-based Noble Energy to start drilling in a 324,000-hectare economic zone near Israeli waters.

Since: Mar 10

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#7 Jan 11, 2013
Turkish FM: We don't have eye on any country's natural resources.

Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu on Tuesday said Turkey was not after any country's riches.

“However, we assume an aggressive attitude if a country attempts to unilaterally use the natural resources of a state of whom we are the protector,” Davutoglu told reporters in New York regarding the Greek Cypriot administration's oil drilling efforts in the eastern Mediterranean, as quoted by the Anatolia news agency.
When asked whether Turkey's attitude toward the Greek Cypriot administration as well as Israel contradicted its efforts as a mediator and as co-chair of the Alliance of Civilizations, Davutoglu said international peace initiatives, mediation and the Alliance of Civilizations were reflections of Turkey's values on an international platform while Turkey's reactions to problems in its region were efforts to strike a balance between its values and realities.
“The values we are defending are obvious: human rights, democracy, freedom, stability and peace,” Davutoglu said, adding that Turkey had to take every measure against countries which “threatened and ignored” those values.
Meanwhile, Turkish Energy and Natural Resources Minister Taner Yildiz on Thursday said Turkey would never allow its policy of "zero problems with neighbours" to be exploited.
"We are carrying out realistic and actual technical research, away from political provocation," Yildiz said in Ankara during his meeting with Kemal Öztürk, director general and Executive Board chairman of the Anatolia news agency.

London, UK

#8 Jan 11, 2013
The Mythology of the Constellations

Most ancient cultures saw pictures in the stars of the night sky. The earliest known efforts to catalogue the stars date to cuneiform texts and artifacts dating back roughly 6000 years. These remnants, found in the valley of the Euphrates River, suggest that the ancients observing the heavens saw the lion, the bull, and the scorpion in the stars. The constellations as we know them today are undoubtedly very different from those first few--our night sky is a compendium of images from a number of different societies, both ancient and modern. By far, though, we owe the greatest debt to the mythology of the ancient Greeks and Romans.

The earliest references to the mythological significance of the Greek constellations may be found in the works of Homer, which probably date to the 7th century B.C. In the Iliad, for instance, Homer describes the creation of Achilleus's shield by the craftsman god Hephaistos:

On it he made the earth, and sky, and sea, the weariless sun and the moon waxing full, and all the constellations that crown the heavens, Pleiades and Hyades, the mighty Orion and the Bear, which men also call by the name of Wain: she wheels round in the same place and watches for Orion, and is the only one not to bathe in Ocean (Iliad XVIII 486-490).
At the time of Homer, however, most of the constellations were not associated with any particular myth, hero, or god. They were instead known simply as the objects or animals which they represented--the Lyre, for instance, or the Ram. By the 5th century B.C., however, most of the constellations had come to be associated with myths, and the Catasterismi of Eratosthenes completed the mythologization of the stars. "At this stage, the fusion between astronomy and mythology is so complete that no further distinction is made between them"--the stars were no longer merely identified with certain gods or heroes, but actually were perceived as divine (Seznec, 37-40).
Despite the many mentions of the stars in Greek and early Roman texts, by far the most thorough star catalogue from ancient times belongs to the Roman Ptolemy of Alexandria, who grouped 1022 stars into 48 constellations during the 2nd century A.D. Although Ptolemy's Almagest does not include the constellations which may only be seen from the southern hemisphere, it forms the basis for the modern list of 88 constellations officially designated by the International Astronomical Union (Pasachoff, 134-135). The influence of both the Greek and Roman cultures may be plainly seen; the myths behind the constellations date back to ancient Greece, but we use their Latin names.

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