standards
TCG

Los Angeles, CA

#1 May 3, 2011
If I wanted to start a business that manufactures materials handling equipment to include small cantilever racks, hand trucks, some specially designed for moving 55-gallon drums, and various dollies commonly used in the manufacturing sector. I receive raw materials in the form of round metal tubing, sheet metal, square tubing, and cold and hot rolled metal rods. The Raw materials are removed from flat bet trailers using a large, LP gas powered forklift with the assistance of smaller, LP gas powered forklifts. These materials are stored in racks in the receiving department. From there raw materials are moved via forklift and various heavy duty carts to the fabrication department. This department cuts, punches, bends, copes and shears the various materials into parts used to make the final product. The metal fabrication equipment includes two Iron-workers, two 70 ton, part revolution mechanical power punch presses, three 250 ton, part revolution press brakes, a 300 ton hydraulic press, two pipe benders, a twelve foot shear, a 10 foot shear, a mill for milling a bevel on hand truck toe plates, several off hand grinders, and two large drill presses. Obviously, the fabrication department routinely gets quite noisy for days at a time (>85dBa), especially when making cantilever racks. Two maintenance employees keep these machines running. After being cut, punched, bent and formed, fabricated parts go to the welding department or the Work In Process crib. WIP includes a mezzanine and an area populated with pallet racks for storage.
In the welding department there are 12 MIG welding machines that are used by welders to assemble the parts into the pre-finished items manufactured by the firm. The welders also use an assortment of hand held grinders and an oxy-acetylene torch. Once welded, items either go in their pre-finished condition into inventory, or are further processed by the painting department. Pre-finished items that are inventoried are taken to one of two mezzanines or placed in storage racks. In the painting department items are wiped down with various solvents, and hung on an overhead hook conveyor. Items go into the paint booth where they are painted using various enamels. Xylenes and Toluene are common solvents used in this operation. The paints also contain these solvents.
After painting, items such as axles and wheels are applied and then are boxed up or are loaded directly on trucks with no packaging depending on their size. Larger items such as racks are loaded onto flatbeds using an unmanned overhead crane controlled by a pendent control. Smaller items are typically loaded onto standard semi trailers using battery-powered forklifts or pallet jacks.
Now here’s the question I trying to hash out:
1. Identify 15 of what you consider the highest priority standards that likely apply to this operation.(e.g.‘Industrial Ventilation, 1910.94. The company has a paint booth that controls paint and solvent vapors’).
2) Name four important written programs this company is required to have (keep in mind that not all standards (e.g. 1910.95 Industrial Noise) require that you develop a written program or SOP of some sort, though many companies develop such SOPs regardless). Explain why you believe they are required to have these written programs.
3) Name five standards for which this company is required to provide training and briefly describe why this training is required
Plant Safety Retiree

Pearland, TX

#2 May 9, 2011
One would be a written Hazard Communications Program, others would be training on Operating Forklifts, Hearing Conservation Program, Ventilation for welding, training on Proper use of all PPE (Personal Protective Equipment, Inspection program for electrical grinders, drills, etc. All racks and crane should be labeled with maximum weight/load limit. First Aid Training with material available. How to report and record injuries. Training on hazard identification such as pinch points, machine guarding, slips and falls, etc.

One question that is most important......do you have more than 10 employees? If less than 10 your not covered by OSHA.
Robofudd

Salem, OR

#3 May 12, 2011
The "less than 10 employees" thing is a common misconception. OSHA applies to every employer, even if you only have 1 employee. Every rule applies unless it explicitly has an employee number threshold, like the 300 log recordkeeping stuff.
Plant Safety Retiree wrote:
One would be a written Hazard Communications Program, others would be training on Operating Forklifts, Hearing Conservation Program, Ventilation for welding, training on Proper use of all PPE (Personal Protective Equipment, Inspection program for electrical grinders, drills, etc. All racks and crane should be labeled with maximum weight/load limit. First Aid Training with material available. How to report and record injuries. Training on hazard identification such as pinch points, machine guarding, slips and falls, etc.
One question that is most important......do you have more than 10 employees? If less than 10 your not covered by OSHA.
Plant Safety Retiree

Pearland, TX

#4 May 25, 2011
The following taken from OSHA web site:

Keep records of work-related accidents, injuries, illnesses.and their causes.and post annual summaries for the required period of time. A number of specific industries in the retail, service, finance, insurance, and real estate sectors that are classified as low-hazard are exempt from most requirements of the regulation, as are small businesses with 10 or fewer employees (see 29 CFR Part 1904);
Robofudd

Salem, OR

#5 Sep 12, 2011
That's only for the OSHA 300 Log of injuries and illnesses. It doesn't have anything to do with whether or not OSHA rules as a whole applies to a company.

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