All your Wikipedia crap refers to one type of geothermal system. Other types do circulate and reinject aquifer water, with appropriate permitting, particularly in places like Iceland and Japan where natural hot springs occur.This is further proof of your lies and ignorance,Dweeb.
Geothermal heating systems have no need for water, you nitwit!! They cannot, by law, tap into an aquifier.
You stupid enough to believe there are aquifiers everywhete??
You're a stupid person. Even a cursory look would have better informed you.
And you claim to be a geologist!! I saw your earlier post where you said too many geothermal systems would heat the earth too much!!
That's like saying too many air conditioners in a neighborhood would raise the ambient temperature for the neighborhood!! Pure stupidity!!
""HOW A GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM WORKS
Throughout the year, outdoor temperatures fluctuate with the changing seasons. However, about four to six feet below the Earth's surface, Wisconsin temperatures remain relatively moderate and consistent all year (about 50 degrees F, in WI). This is because the Earth absorbs 47% of all heat and energy from the sun that reaches the surface. A geothermal system circulates a water-based fluid through a buried loop system to take advantage of these consistent temperatures.
GEOTHERMAL HEAT CYCLE
During the heating process, fluid in the loop absorbs heat from the earth. It is transferred to the unit located in the home. The geothermal system distributes the warm, comfortable air by either a conventional duct system or radiant heat system.
The heat exchange is with the earth, nitwit!! If you have a pond on your property, the 'pond loop' system can be used, but is less efficient, as surface water temp. changes quickly.
Geothermal systems NEVER uses aquifiers, due to possible pollution from the anti freeze or other chemicals in the geothermal loop.
You are the biggest idiot on this thread.
Even environmentally sensitive areas such as Long Island employ open loop geothermal systems.
"Open loop geothermal systems typically include one or more supply wells and one or more diffusion, recharge, return or injection wells. In an open loop geothermal well system, groundwater is withdrawn from an aquifer through the supply well and pumped to a heat exchange device where it acts as a heat source or sink in the heating or cooling process. A typical heat exchange device is a plate heat exchanger, in which a non-contact, nonconsumptive
process takes place between the groundwater and the building’s internal circulation water. Heat is transferred between the two waters without ever physically coming into contact or mixing with one another. Once the groundwater passes through the heat
exchange device it is returned to the aquifer through a diffusion well(s). The only difference between the supply and return water is the temperature. The open loop system is one of the
more common systems found on Long Island and is utilized in both large and small scale applications."