the Court interprets the Constitution.The truth is, the Founders understood a well regulated militia to mean a militia functioning/operating properly, not a militia controlled or managed by the government. This is clearly evidenced by Alexander Hamiltons discussion of militias in Federalist #29 and by one of the Oxford Dictionarys archaic definitions of regulate;(b) Of troops: Properly disciplined.
The Founders intended that a well-regulated militia was to be the first, not the last line of defense against a foreign invader or social unrest. But, they also intended militias to be the last, not the first line of defense against tyrannical government. In other words, the Second Amendment was meant to be the constitutional protection for a persons musket behind the door, later the shotgun behind the door and today the M4 behind the doora constitutional guarantee of the right of individuals to defend themselves against any and all miscreants, private or government, seeking to do them harm.
The unfettered right to own and bear arms consecrates individual sovereignty and ordains the right of self-defense. The Second Amendment symbolizes and proclaims individuals right to defend themselves personally against any and all threatened deprivations of life, liberty or property, including attempted deprivations by the government. The symbolism of a heavily armed citizenry says loudly and unequivocally to the government,Dont Tread On Me.
Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence said,When governments fear the people, there is liberty. When the people fear the government, there is tyranny.
Both Jefferson and James Madison, the Father of the Constitution, also knew that their government would never fear a people without guns, and they understood as well that the greatest threat to liberty was not foreign invasion or domestic unrest but rather a standing army and a militarized police force without fear of the people and capable of inflicting tyranny upon the people.
That is what prompted Madison to contrast the new national government he had helped create to the kingdoms of Europe, which he characterized as afraid to trust the people with arms. Madison assured his fellow Americans that under the new Constitution as amended by the Bill of Rights, they need never fear their government because of the advantage of being armed.
But, Noah Webster said it most succinctly and most eloquently:
Before a standing army can rule, the people must be disarmed; as they are in almost every kingdom in Europe. The supreme power in America cannot enforce unjust laws by the sword; because the whole body of the people are armed, and constitute a force superior to any band of regular troops that can be, on any pretence, raised in the United States.
That is why the Founders looked to local militias as much to provide a checkin modern parlance, a deterrentagainst government tyranny as against an invading foreign power. Guns are individuals own personal nuclear deterrent against their own government gone rogue. Therefore, a heavily armed citizenry is the ultimate deterrent against tyranny.
A heavily armed citizenry is not about armed revolt; it is about defending oneself against armed government oppression. A heavily armed citizenry is not about overthrowing the government; it is about preventing the government from overthrowing liberty. A people stripped of their right of self defense is defenseless against their own government.
right wing blogs don't.