Too bad Rep. Bingham and Senators Trumbull and Howard are not alive today. If they were Dale could tell them what they really meant when they fashioned the 14th Amendment and he could give them a lesson on the true meaning of "jurisdiction" which apparently no one else in the world has ever understood.<quoted text>LMAO!!! It is very evident you haven't any idea what controls these United States, without this control you are left with 50 separate nations.
What a friggin' lunatic.
Senator Trumbull drafted the Act and explained in detail exactly the intent. The intent of the Act was similarly understood, and plainly stated as such by Rep. John Bingham and Sen. Jacob Howard. Their intent was conveyed to the US courts via the rules of statutory construction and consistent with their stated intent, the courts interpreted the language in precisely the same manner.
Sorry Dufus Dale, the meaning of the Act was according to the intent of Congress and they did not believe in the Play Law definition of jurisdiction. It is the height of lunacy to construe Congressional intent according to a fantasy definition of jurisdiction at odds with the prevailing accepted definition (which was the same then as it is now.)
BTW, has Dale ever written a formal definition of jurisdiction according to his disjointed fantasies? Of course not. it would crash and burn.
Regarding Dale's burning question:
Has Dale ever figured out that an alien is not necessarily a citizen of any country? The state of alienage is applied to anyone who is not a citizen of a country while residing in that country.