FYI,<quoted text>scientifically early tamil inscriptions are old as 250 b.c. The sangam grammer composed between 100 b.c to 400 a.d. The tamil script was quickly developed between the gap of 150 years
Thirukkural one enough to say tamil is oldest & classical language in india.2nd century BCE .
Tirukkural sometimes spelt 'Thirukkural, is a classic of couplets or Kurals (1330 rhyming Tamil couplets) or aphorisms.It was authored by Thiruvalluvar, a poet who is said to have lived anytime between 2nd century BCE . It is one of the Tamil books of Law.
The Thirukkural is one of the most important works in the Tamil language. This is reflected in some of the other names by which the text is known: Tamil marai (Tamil Vedas); poyyamozhi (words that never fail); and Deiva nool (divine text). The book is considered to precede Manimekalai and Silapathikaram since they both acknowledge the Kural text.
Thirukkural (or the Kural) is a collection of 1330 Tamil couplets organised into 133 chapters. Each chapter has a specific subject ranging from "ploughing a piece of land" to "ruling a country". It preaches simplicity and truth throughout its verses.
It has been translated to various other languages.Many Tamil researchers and scholars including G.U. Pope have translated the Tirukkural to the western world in 1886;Tamil to English.
Thirukural is praised with many names such as:
1.Uttaravedam - the Superior-Vedam (uttara = Superior / Higher / Future, vedam = Veda)
2.Poyyamozhi - Statements devoid of untruth
3.Vayurai vazhthu - truthful utterances
4.Deyvanool - the divine book
5.Pothumarai - the common-man's Veda
6.Muppal - threefold path
7.Tamil marai - Tamil Veda
. This work is the first translation to the English language.
The following is a list of translations/commentaries of the Tamil literary classic THIRUKURAL - taken out from the Encyclopaedia of Tamil Literature, vol. 1, Inst. of Asian Studies, India.
01) Arabic 02) Bangla 03) Burmese 04) Chinese 05) Czech 06) Dutch 07) English 08) Fiji 09) Finnish 10) French 11) German 12) Gujarati 13) Hindi 14) Hungarian 15) Italian 16) Japanese 17) Kannada 18) Konkani 19) Korean 20) Latin 21) Malay 22) Malayalam 23) Marathi 24) Nederlands 25) Norwegian 26) Oriya 27) Polish 28) Punjabi 29) Rajasthani 30) Russian 31) Sanskrit 32) Saurashtra 33) Sinhalese 34) Spanish 35) Swedish 36) Telugu 37) Urdu
1.Something may not be achievable even by God or through God's help. But the effort exerted to attain that non-achievable will yield its deserving result!
2.Though the world goes round with many activities, it is dependent on agriculture. Hence, though laborious, farming is the foremost activity.
3.As water changes its nature, from the nature of the soil in which it flows, so will the character of men resemble that of their associates.
4.Friendship is not just a smile on the face; It is what is felt deep within a smiling heart.
The stalks of water-flowers are proportionate to the depth of water; so is men's greatness proportionate to their minds (Knowledge).
5.Avoid an act which you may repent later; If done by mistake, better not to repeat it.
Whatever is thought to be done will be achieved as planned, if the planners possess firmness in execution.
6.Excessive or deficient food or activity causes disorders in mobility, breathing and digestion.
Agriculturists are the linchpin of the mankind since they support all others who cannot till the soil.
7.The learned teacher makes you enjoy learning; On leaving, makes you to keep thinking of his teaching.
8.Think and then undertake the work; to think after commencement will bring disgrace.
Determined efforts result in prosperity; Idleness will bring nothing.
9.Defer not virtue to another day; receive her now; and at the dying hour she will be your undying friend.