From the Encyclopaedia Britannica Concise:<quoted text>
Hermeneutics AKA exigesis AKA apologetics is little more than putting the "Holy Spirit inspration" in a lab coat.
It is flawed, subject to bias and based on far too many a'priori assumptions.
Finally, even if it could be done beyond doubts (which it can't), all you would have is the authors thoughts. If those thoughts are in error then you will have an erroroneous account. Claiming that the author is always correct and/or truthful and/or complete and/or accurate is the main a'priori fallacy.
An analysis based on a fallacy will return a fallacy.
Study of the general principles of biblical interpretation. Its primary purpose is to discover the truths and values of the Bible, which is seen as a receptacle of divine revelation. Four major types of hermeneutics have emerged: literal (asserting that the text is to be interpreted according to the plain meaning), moral (seeking to establish the principles from which ethical lessons may be drawn), allegorical (interpreting narratives as having a level of reference beyond the explicit), and anagogical or mystical (seeking to explain biblical events as they relate to the life to come).
Remember that when we look at writings from the past that we shouldn't assume or presume any future revelation. There are many things that we know now that they didn't know or anticipate then. This leads to incorrect application.
And since I ascribe to what the Bible says in that all scripture was written under the leading of the Holy Spirit, then all scripture is not the actual writers' "thoughts," but are from God Himself.