The Hyperbolic Hyper-Massive Black-Hole Universe
The hyperbolic (declines as 1/r) black-hole galactic and universe gravitational field explains Dark Energy and Dark Matter.
Stephen Hawking did not buy his own pronouncements regarding the disappearance of information into black holes. Instead, as a retraction, he and some others invented a whole new theory of black-hole thermodynamics.
So, in a sense, they concluded, the black-hole event horizon is a real surface. It is sometimes called a "quasi-surface". However, the center of a black-hole is a physically real singularity. It is constrained only by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.
There is no such thing as a valid quantum gravity (how many papers are published in ArXiv on unicorns? By their standards, there should be dozens!) So, any appeal to QG to put the Kibosh on black-hole singularities is therefore bogus.
See The Hyperbolic Hyper-Massive Black-Hole Universe and Galactic Gravitational Field (HHBF), which is a paper written for the blog http://garyakent.wordpress.com
that describes the e-Model for inflationary expansion of the universe.
The hyperbolic hyper-massive black-hole gravitational field is a phenomenological postulate, that is, it is a tentative premise that should be confirmed by experiment or observation and need not wait for theoretical justification. In the case of galaxies and galactic clusters, there is already enough observational support for the galactic hyperbolic super-massive black-hole gravitational field (HSBF).
The point is emphasized that Birkhoff’s Theorem and other interpretive principles derived from general relativity cannot apply to any real black-holes. These rules presume that the massive bodies that are considered are always “unperturbed” and are perfectly “spherically symmetric”. No real black hole meets these criteria. The rules are good only for approximate calculation, not for “precision cosmology”.
Besides, GR should not prohibit a gravitational field that declines as 1/r if a metric is found, similar to the Schwarzschild metric, using assumptions and boundary conditions wherein a singular black-hole is presumed at the outset. If such a gravitational field can be confirmed, the e-model will serve as more evidence for the existence of our universe as part of a multiverse in meta-time.
Hugh Everett may one day be seen as a thinker on a par with A. Einstein. And, John Archibald Wheeler’s suggestion concerning the quantum self-interference of probability density waves may be taken more seriously while Everett’s declaration of the “reality of probability” as a sort of substance gains credence.
Self-interference can explain the virtual absence of antimatter (AM) in our universe. AM would be confined to our virtual twin, which must exist according to the logical extension of Alan Guth’s inflation hypothesis wherein a virtual particle came into existence from a hyper-excited false vacuum which came to exist precisely because of its ultra-high energy level. It would be seen as the deeper mechanism behind apparent “symmetry breaking” and unbalanced annihilation of fundamental sub-nuclear particles and antiparticles to give our universe with matter as the dominant form.
The existence of an interference twin could also be helpful in explaining the hyperbolic field as the resultant of a superposition of states. As the real expression of a statistical process within the multiverse, we experience only the total sum, the superposed probability density form from which emerges probability, P ---> 1. There are ways that such a superposition might affect the shape of a gravitational potential well. Gravity itself may be viewed as a probability vortex or wave in the Einstein Aether. There is much that has not been considered.