Sri Lanka: British archaeologist make...

Sri Lanka: British archaeologist makes no difference from PM of his country

There are 11 comments on the TamilNet Newswire story from Jun 11, 2013, titled Sri Lanka: British archaeologist makes no difference from PM of his country. In it, TamilNet Newswire reports that:

Just like there were mass killings every day during the genocidal war, mass-scale structural genocide now takes place every day in the Sinhala military-occupied country of Eezham Tamils.

Join the discussion below, or Read more at TamilNet Newswire.

CrimeaRiver

UK

#1 Jun 12, 2013
blah blah blah Tamilnet.

Boo hoo hoo, we don't have any history or archaelology in Sri Lanka. Now our fabricated tales are being exposed by UNESCO.... boo hoo

Get over it demalu!
SriLankan

Bolzano Vicentino, Italy

#2 Jun 12, 2013
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka
----------
Sri Lanka, known as the pearl of the Indian Ocean, is the proud title-holder to eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Six of these remarkable sites belong to the Cultural category whereas the other two belong to the Natural, each bestowed with its unique historical value and beauty. Each can be explored in various Sri Lanka tour packages.
Ancient City of Polonnaruwa – Cultural
Once the capital city of Sri Lanka, as declared by King Vijayabahu I, Polonnaruwa is an ancient town where the main attraction are ruins which date from the late 10th century. King Vijayabahu I along with his successors made this the capital when they recognised that Anuradhapura’s location was vulnerable to attacks from southern India. The Chola Kings of southern India had previously invaded Sri Lanka and conquered Anuradhapura, however when they moved their capital to Polonnaruwa, intentionally located to defend themselves against attacks from the unconquered Sinhala Kingdom of Ruhuna from the southeast, their defenses proved inadequate and they were evicted in 1070 by force from Polonnaruwa by the great King. He added enormous temples, palaces, parks, gardens and vast tanks. Yet dismay struck once again by the 13th century AD, when new waves of attacks from southern India forced the brave Sinhalese Kings to abandon their kingdoms in the north and move back to the southwest and Kandy where power was rebuilt.
King Vijayabahu’s grandson, King Parakramabahu I reigned Polonnaruwa’s golden ages within a rectangle of city walls where he built magnificent palaces, dagobas, temples and various other religious buildings which stand on the east shore of his greatest masterpiece, a vast artificial lake. Today the ancient city of Polonnaruwa remains one of the best planned Archeological relic sites in the country, standing evidence to the discipline and greatness of the Kingdom’s first rulers.
Ancient City of Sigiriya – Cultural
Rising 200 metres above the ground, Sigiriya presents extraordinary yet beautiful 5th century urban planning, architecture and engineering. King Kasyapa and his master-builders constructed it as a palace during the 4th century AD with its main priority being security. After he killed his own father and took the throne which was rightfully to be given to his brother Moggollana – the crown prince – and forced him into exile in India, Kasyapa established a new capital at Sigiriya and led a luxurious, extravagant life knowing that one day his brother would return for revenge! His fears approached when Moggollana, returning with an army from India, conquered his ruthless brother.
Today this ancient fortress is considered the eight wonder of the world and one of Asia’s major archaeological sites. The area in which Sigiriya is located is of significant natural beauty and historical interest. It still has the remnants of an upper palace located on the flat top of the rock, a mid-level terrace that includes the Lion Gate, the Mirror wall and frescoes, a lower palace that clings to the slopes below the rock, and the moats, walls and gardens that extend for a few hundred metres out from the base of the rock.

cont..
SriLankan

Bolzano Vicentino, Italy

#3 Jun 12, 2013
"Golden Temple of Dambulla – Cultural"

Located in the central part of the country, within the Cultural Triangle, lies the largest and best preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The Dambulla Cave Temple which has been a sacred place since the 2nd century BC, has earned the name Golden Temple because of its gilded interior. It is made up of five separate caves adjoined together under a 160 m tall boulder. The caves contain beautifully maintained ancient statues and religious paintings which relate to Lord Buddha and his life, on the inside dating back from the 15th and 16th centuries.

The unique features that make this temple so remarkable is a 15 m long reclining Buddha and the fact that it possesses the foremost Buddha Statue of the World designed in the pose of Dhamma Chakka. A modern museum lies below the rock where the caves are located, displaying the recent history of Sri Lankan Buddhist culture.

Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications

Galle is an old colonial town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka. With the arrival of the Portuguese invaders in the 16th century, who took the town from the Sinhalese Kings, it became the main port on the island. This prime status heightened the development of the town till the 18th century before the arrival of the British invaders, who took over from the Dutch, who in turn had taken over from the Portuguese, and developed a new harbour in Colombo.

The Portuguese erected the first fortifications which consisted of a single wall over-looking a moat which extended from the sea to the harbour. The Dutch converted this harbour into a single fortress and built an impressive line of defense, solidly ringing the walled town. To this day, the foreboding old walls attract many tourists and the town has grown around the historical buildings, spreading its glory to the surrounding areas and has been proclaimed an Archaeological Reserve, identified as a living World Heritage Site. The city was unfortunately devastated by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, which destroyed infrastructure and the caused the loss of thousands of lives.

" Sacred City of Anuradhapura"

Located in the North Central Province, the sacred city of Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka renowned for its beautifully preserved ruins built by the early civilization of the country that were ruled by the great Sinhalese Kings. The vast heritage site is an impressive reminder of the civilization which was built upon Anuradhapura which was one of the greatest monastic civilizations of Asia and the world. They lived in one of the most stable and durable centres of political power and urban life in southeast Asia creating a wealthy city and unique culture.

Established in the 4th century BC, Anuradhapura rose to prominence with the arrival of Buddhism, becoming a centre of Buddhist pilgrimage and learning. Today the city is a UNESCO World Heritage site and magic it possessed then can still be felt among visitors with the oldest archeological treasures in Sri Lanka. Worshippers still come to meditate here drawn to the Sri Maha Bodhi Bo-tree, grown from the original tree under which the Buddha attained enlightenment in Northern India. Many other monuments have been beautifully restored and stand majestically next to the grand tank built by an ancient King, attracting many domestic and international tourists.

cont.....
SriLankan

Bolzano Vicentino, Italy

#4 Jun 12, 2013
Sacred City of Kandy

Nestled amidst lush highlands of Sri Lanka, fortified by the terrain of mountains, lies the ancient royal city of Kandy. Today, the sacred city is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It was the capital of Sri Lanka’s last independent kingdom, surviving two centuries of colonial incursions by the Portuguese and the Dutch before falling to the British in 1815. The legacy of this proud tradition lives on today in the form of the city’s distinctive architecture, art and dance.

Kandy is home to the sacred tooth relic of the Buddha which is kept in a golden casket in the Sri Dalada Maligawa which is also known as the Temple of the Sacred Tooth. The tooth relic is said to have been snatched from the Buddha’s funeral pyre and smuggled to Sri Lanka in the hair of a princess. It is of great spiritual significance and it set within the royal palace complex. Through out history, the relic has played an important role in local politics as it is believed that whoever holds the relic holds the governance of the country which caused the ancient kings to protect it with great effort. The relic is taken around the city on the back of a majestic elephant during the Kandy Esala Perahera is a spectacular event that takes place in either July or August with a magnificent display of medieval pageantry.



Natural:

Central Highlands of Sri Lanka – Natural

The Central Highlands of Sri Lanka is the newest natural UNESCO World Heritage Site in the country since Sinharaja Forest. The beautifully lush property compromises of the Peak Wilderness Protected Area, the Horton Plains National Park and the Knuckles Conservation Forest. These montane rainforests reach an elevation of about 2,500 metres above sea level and are home to an extraordinary range of flora and fauna including several endangered species. The forests are globally important as they provide a variety of precious habitats for endemic species such as the Horton Plains Slender Loris, the Bear Monkey and the Sri Lankan Leopard.

Sinharaja Forest Reserve – Natural

Saved from the worst of commercial logging by its inaccessibility and with a name that translates to Kingdom of the Lions, Sinharaja Forest is often referred to as the jewel of the last remaining virgin rainforest crown of Sri Lanka. Situated in the lowland wet zone of the country, it is a lush, hilly region of breathtakingly beautiful forest that covers an area of 8900 hectares. Due to its high bio-diversity and ecological importance, it has been declared a World Biosphere Reserve and is declared a natural World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The Forest is a paradise of endemic species of fauna and flora, however due to the dense vegetation; wildlife is not as easily spotted as they are in dry zone national parks. Beautiful, crystal clear streams and waterfalls lace the thick foliage, surrounded by medicinal plants and valuable shrubs. Nature thrives in Sinharaja and any environmental enthusiast who visits will feel blessed to experience such richness of natural beauty and life.
CrimeaRiver

UK

#5 Jun 12, 2013
SriLankan wrote:
Sacred City of Kandy
Nestled amidst lush highlands of Sri Lanka, fortified by the terrain of mountains, lies the ancient royal city of Kandy. Today, the sacred city is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It was the capital of Sri Lanka’s last independent kingdom, surviving two centuries of colonial incursions by the Portuguese and the Dutch before falling to the British in 1815. The legacy of this proud tradition lives on today in the form of the city’s distinctive architecture, art and dance.
Kandy is home to the sacred tooth relic of the Buddha which is kept in a golden casket in the Sri Dalada Maligawa which is also known as the Temple of the Sacred Tooth. The tooth relic is said to have been snatched from the Buddha’s funeral pyre and smuggled to Sri Lanka in the hair of a princess. It is of great spiritual significance and it set within the royal palace complex. Through out history, the relic has played an important role in local politics as it is believed that whoever holds the relic holds the governance of the country which caused the ancient kings to protect it with great effort. The relic is taken around the city on the back of a majestic elephant during the Kandy Esala Perahera is a spectacular event that takes place in either July or August with a magnificent display of medieval pageantry.
Natural:
Central Highlands of Sri Lanka – Natural
The Central Highlands of Sri Lanka is the newest natural UNESCO World Heritage Site in the country since Sinharaja Forest. The beautifully lush property compromises of the Peak Wilderness Protected Area, the Horton Plains National Park and the Knuckles Conservation Forest. These montane rainforests reach an elevation of about 2,500 metres above sea level and are home to an extraordinary range of flora and fauna including several endangered species. The forests are globally important as they provide a variety of precious habitats for endemic species such as the Horton Plains Slender Loris, the Bear Monkey and the Sri Lankan Leopard.
Sinharaja Forest Reserve – Natural
Saved from the worst of commercial logging by its inaccessibility and with a name that translates to Kingdom of the Lions, Sinharaja Forest is often referred to as the jewel of the last remaining virgin rainforest crown of Sri Lanka. Situated in the lowland wet zone of the country, it is a lush, hilly region of breathtakingly beautiful forest that covers an area of 8900 hectares. Due to its high bio-diversity and ecological importance, it has been declared a World Biosphere Reserve and is declared a natural World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The Forest is a paradise of endemic species of fauna and flora, however due to the dense vegetation; wildlife is not as easily spotted as they are in dry zone national parks. Beautiful, crystal clear streams and waterfalls lace the thick foliage, surrounded by medicinal plants and valuable shrubs. Nature thrives in Sinharaja and any environmental enthusiast who visits will feel blessed to experience such richness of natural beauty and life.
Thanks SL - Sri Lankans are truly blessed to live in the midst of such cultural beauty and history.

Shame the Tamils have to spoil it for everyone
SriLankan

Bolzano Vicentino, Italy

#6 Jun 12, 2013
Eny World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka belong to Tamil/Hindu ??

Tamils have no history in Srilanka and there is no archaeological evidence has been found to support so called "mithical Tamil kingdom"..
James Clough

Newport Pagnell, UK

#7 Jun 12, 2013
SriLankan wrote:
Eny World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka belong to Tamil/Hindu ??
Tamils have no history in Srilanka and there is no archaeological evidence has been found to support so called "mithical Tamil kingdom"..
There is absolutely no chance that a "native civilisation" would have failed to build anything of archaeological value in their entire supposed history. Even the Portuguese who occupied Ceylon for less than two centuries built the Galle Fort.

This just adds to the mountains of evidence that indicates Tamils are either very recent arrivals to the island (colonial slave labour), or were living as primitve tribals before the Sinhalese civilisation established itself and flourished.
CrimeaRiver

UK

#8 Jun 12, 2013
James Clough wrote:
<quoted text>
There is absolutely no chance that a "native civilisation" would have failed to build anything of archaeological value in their entire supposed history. Even the Portuguese who occupied Ceylon for less than two centuries built the Galle Fort.
This just adds to the mountains of evidence that indicates Tamils are either very recent arrivals to the island (colonial slave labour), or were living as primitve tribals before the Sinhalese civilisation established itself and flourished.
That makes perfect sense to anyone with an ounce of brains or rationale. But Tamils seem to think that repeating the same lies over and over again will make the world believe them.

I too believe that there probably was some Tamil presence in Sri Lanka in ancient history but that they failed to build anything of note, write anything of histroical relevance or even set up proper systems of governance.

It seems odd that if the Tamil Hindus did rule the land, then how did Sinhala Buddhism become the dominant force and end up outnumbering the Tamils 10:1. Even with 70million Tamils living just 30 miles away in Tamil Nadu (Home of the Tamils).
SriLankan

Bolzano Vicentino, Italy

#9 Jun 12, 2013
CrimeaRiver wrote:
<quoted text>
That makes perfect sense to anyone with an ounce of brains or rationale. But Tamils seem to think that repeating the same lies over and over again will make the world believe them.
I too believe that there probably was some Tamil presence in Sri Lanka in ancient history but that they failed to build anything of note, write anything of histroical relevance or even set up proper systems of governance.
It seems odd that if the Tamil Hindus did rule the land, then how did Sinhala Buddhism become the dominant force and end up outnumbering the Tamils 10:1. Even with 70million Tamils living just 30 miles away in Tamil Nadu (Home of the Tamils).
The questions that come to ones mind are :

1) If Tamils came earlier than the Sinhalese, why are they only two million, while the Sinhalese, subject to decimation, both by recurrent epidemics of Malaria and at the hands of South Indian invaders, have become 15 million? Were Tamils less fertile?

2) Why did they, who were adventurous enough to leave their native soil and cross the seas, remain confined to the arid one-third of the island in the north, and allow the Sinhalese who admit they came in boatloads from North India around 600 BC, to spread themselves out over the salubrious two thirds of the island?

3) Could the Sinhalese have been so foolish, to establish a Kingdom around 400 BC in

Anuradhapura, and later in Polonnaruwa, when surrounding both these kingdoms on the west, north and east, there was this so-called ANCIENT Tamil Kingdom? and Why did the Tamils allow the Sinhalese to build their capitals and all those enormous buildings just south of their Tamil homeland?

4). Could such a glorious Kingdom in Anuradhapura for 1400 years, from 400 BC to

1029 AD, with so much of irrigation works being undertaken, and where such huge solid monuments were built, have survived, if it was really closely surrounded by this so-called Tamil Kingdom, which has left no monuments at all?

5) How could the Sinhalese have built all those Buddhist Dagobas in Kantharodai in the heart of Jaffna Peninsula, and in the Eastern province, and how could large numbers of Inscriptions on stones, which tell of the deeds of the Sinhala Kings have been left for posterity in the North and East, if these areas were under the Tamils before the Sinhalese came to Sri Lanka ?

6)It is an undisputed fact that (a) Emporer Asoka of India sent missionaries to SRI LANKA (Anurdhapura) and most ASIAN KINGDOMS like Thailand and Burma around 200 BC to spread the Buddhist doctrine of the greatest son of India, Lord Buddha. But strangely enough, he did not care to send one to this so-called ANCIENT Tamil Kingdom just north of the Anuradhapura kingdom.b) Asoka sent his son, a monk, and daughter Sangamitta, a Nun, to the Sinhala Kingdom in Anuradhapura where they lived and preached for 48 long years till they died. But they who came all the way from North India never cared, or thought of, going to this so-called Tamil kingdom just walking distance away! WAS THIS DISCRIMINATION, by Asoka and his children against the Tamils?

cont..
SriLankan

Bolzano Vicentino, Italy

#10 Jun 12, 2013
7). Recorded history states that Sri Lanka was invaded as much as seventeen times by South Indian invaders. The first invasion around 230 BC, was by two brothers who ruled on the Sinhala throne over the Sinhala people for 22 years till they were killed by a Sinhala prince from the south. Ten years later, another South Indian, Elara, came and slew the Sinhala king, and ruled over the Sinhalese, on the Sinhala throne for 44 years. There is no mention of any transactions or treaties or aid, between these Tamil kings on the Sinhala throne and this Tamil kingdom, even when the Tamil kings were threatened by Sinhala princes from the South. It is strange that after 44 years on the Sinhala throne, Elara did not get help from this so-called Tamil kingdom to fight the Sinhalese, nor did he think of fleeing to the north to escape death. This proves no such kingdom existed, to which Elara could have gone for help!

8) Tamil being such an ancient language is it not surprising that there is no history nor inscriptions either in the North or East of Sri Lanka or in India, where mention is made of this so-called ANCIENT Tamil Kingdom in the north of Sri Lanka? The oldest Tamil Inscriptions left in Sri Lanka was by one King Parakramabahu I (a Sinhala King) who ruled over the entire island from AD 1153 to 1186. These referred to some wreckages off the coast of Jaffna. Another Tamil inscription found recently in Jaffna stated that the Sinhala King Vasabha (67-111 AD) ruled over Jaffna.

9) The only invasion mentioned as having come from the north of Sri Lanka was by one Chandrabhanu, who came from Malaya and tried to take over the Sinhala kingdom.in AD 1247. When he failed, he fled to Jaffna. History says he ruled in Jaffna for some time and then attacked the Sinhala kingdom from the north. This was the one and only attack on Sinhalese from the north and that too was by a Malayan. The second time he lost his life. This rule of his in Jaffna shows that there was no real "king of Jaffna" at the time, in 1247. The Sinhala king who was the real ruler of Jaffna was too far away in the south, to challenge or chase out Chandrabhanu!

[from "The Mythical Tamil Homeland"]
CrimeaRiver

UK

#11 Jun 12, 2013
SriLankan wrote:
7). Recorded history states that Sri Lanka was invaded as much as seventeen times by South Indian invaders. The first invasion around 230 BC, was by two brothers who ruled on the Sinhala throne over the Sinhala people for 22 years till they were killed by a Sinhala prince from the south. Ten years later, another South Indian, Elara, came and slew the Sinhala king, and ruled over the Sinhalese, on the Sinhala throne for 44 years. There is no mention of any transactions or treaties or aid, between these Tamil kings on the Sinhala throne and this Tamil kingdom, even when the Tamil kings were threatened by Sinhala princes from the South. It is strange that after 44 years on the Sinhala throne, Elara did not get help from this so-called Tamil kingdom to fight the Sinhalese, nor did he think of fleeing to the north to escape death. This proves no such kingdom existed, to which Elara could have gone for help!
8) Tamil being such an ancient language is it not surprising that there is no history nor inscriptions either in the North or East of Sri Lanka or in India, where mention is made of this so-called ANCIENT Tamil Kingdom in the north of Sri Lanka? The oldest Tamil Inscriptions left in Sri Lanka was by one King Parakramabahu I (a Sinhala King) who ruled over the entire island from AD 1153 to 1186. These referred to some wreckages off the coast of Jaffna. Another Tamil inscription found recently in Jaffna stated that the Sinhala King Vasabha (67-111 AD) ruled over Jaffna.
9) The only invasion mentioned as having come from the north of Sri Lanka was by one Chandrabhanu, who came from Malaya and tried to take over the Sinhala kingdom.in AD 1247. When he failed, he fled to Jaffna. History says he ruled in Jaffna for some time and then attacked the Sinhala kingdom from the north. This was the one and only attack on Sinhalese from the north and that too was by a Malayan. The second time he lost his life. This rule of his in Jaffna shows that there was no real "king of Jaffna" at the time, in 1247. The Sinhala king who was the real ruler of Jaffna was too far away in the south, to challenge or chase out Chandrabhanu!
[from "The Mythical Tamil Homeland"]
Superb stuff SL. Only Sri Lankan Tamil believe this shit. Even the Indian Tamils don't really believe it

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