Galileo was not excommunicated so try again.<quoted text>
Because they were much less enlightened and sometimes had to use the 'god of the gaps'. Also, they cannot refute when the self righteous twist their words to suit themselves....Einstein, e.g.
Gallileo was excommunicated from the Church of Rome for his observations, which does not encourage and open exchange of ideas. Don't worry, Gallileo is back in the good graces of the church, it only took them 5 centuries to reflect on the matter and forgive him,(or public embarassment).
"One of the little fictions that planetarium lecturers like to tell is that of Galileo confronting the Inquisition. Accused of holding the heretical belief that the Earth moves around the sun, Galileo stands defiantly—the enlightened man of science—facing the entrenched dogma of the Church. It is a story told so often that we have come to believe it ourselves.
Unfortunately, history does not support such a picture. Galileo may not have been guilty of heresy, but he was guilty of several other things:(l) some of his scientific "facts" were wrong; (2) he claimed to have proof when no proof existed; (3) he was unaware of Kepler's exposition of planetary motion, though Kepler's book was in his own bookcase; and (4) he had made enemies—bitter enemies—quite needlessly."
John Appledoorn, Savannah Science Museum
Planetarian, Vol 19 #4, pages 15-17 & 19, December 1990.
The Planetarian is the quarterly journal of the International Planetarium Society
"The story of Galileo is an interesting one. But I think it might be fair to say that Galileo’s greatest mistake was being a bit arrogant in the way he presented his own views and insulting the pope who, prior to that, had been fairly sympathetic with Galileo’s conclusions. Basically the pope couldn’t let Galileo get away with this kind of insult".
Dr Francis Collins, Former Director of the US National Human Genome Research Institute, currently Director of National Institutes of Health