codex sinaiticus - 1,600 yrs bible do...

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#1443 Feb 15, 2013
Page 10 Canaan as metal workers, the connection with Eber )tentative'( habur ibri.
Also a link of metal wor Nod as Nok in Africa.
And some old names of tribes having a double meaning as f.i. providers of raw material to the metalworkers. Minoan hittite axe. Not going into that now.

Some think an older Hurrian presence is
shown by the assumed Hurrian loan-word ta/ibira in Sumerian, used for a smith or copper-
worker.65 This etymology presumes a derivation from the Hurrian verbal root tab/v,‘to pour’
or ‘to cast.’ The word ta/ibira in Sumerian is so old that it formed part of the name of one of
the predeluvian cities, Bad-tibira. Although not certain, the borrowing by the Sumerians of
such a technical word from the mountainous regions of the Zagros or even the Taurus is quite
possible. Mountaineers in the Zagros and Taurus became skilful metallurgists in earlier times,
because their land was, in contrast to the Mesopotamian alluvium, rich with metal ores. They
used the plentiful supply of wood as fuel for extracting the metal. Moreover, since the Uruk
Period, trade networks that connected the Mesopotamian ‘core’ with the northern,
northeastern and northwestern ‘peripheries’ were principally based on the exchange of raw
material from the peripheries and worked products from the core.66 One of these vital raw
materials was metal in the form of ingots, cast by the sellers in the mountains. It is from this
that the word ta/ibira has probably come. The medieval GN Tabaristān also deserves
attention. This name was given to the costal strip and the inner steep mountainous region of
the Alburz Chain to the south of the Caspian Sea from ancient times until the Seljūqs, and is
known today as Mazandarān. 67 Folk etymologies of this GN mean ‘The land of axes’,
associated with the abundance of woods widely exploited by cutting, 68 taking Tab(a)r as
“axe”(in New Persian) and the Iranian word i/astān as “land” or “country.” However, the
Hurrian word tab/v could be connected with the Tab(a)r of the geographical name Tabaristān
and even the New Persian word Tabr and Kurdish Tawr “axe” could be related to the Hurrian
verbal root tab/v, for axes as metal tools have been cast in these regions for millennia.

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#1444 Feb 15, 2013
page 13
For the third quarter of the 3rd millennium BC no Hurrian names have been found in those
texts of Ebla concerned with the middle Euphrates and the region between the Balih and the
Mediterranean coast up to the Taurus slopes in the (north)west (Tuttul, Emar, Harrān and
Mari).93

There is a tentative presumed connection between hatti and hurri and also later settling of hattili which would be luvian heth in hatti regions.
Furthermore also between(a term in luvian texts) shashu, hebrews haburi, iisiarii/gser ghezer and hyksos c.q hitti a.k.a. heth.
I take moses since as rule in Egypt it´s titlename is not attested till the heth take over to be also connected to them. Moses and yacub can be found in Ukrit(ugarit) texts and hieroglyphs.

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#1445 Feb 15, 2013
pg 15 179
106
Astour,“Les Hourrites…,” p. 3. The names of two Ebla months are derived from the deities Adamma and
Aštabi, who were once considered Hurrian deities. However, recent studies show that these, and even ›epat and
Iš‹ara, were Syrian deities adopted by the Hurrians, cf. Wilhelm,“L’état actuel et …,” Amurru, I, p. 177. For the
Semitic origins of the divine names Adamma and Aštabil (instead of Aštabi) cf. Pomponio, F. and P. Xella, Les
dieux d’Ebla,études analytique des divintés Éblaïtes à l’epoque des archives royales de IIIe millénaire,
Münster, 1997, p. 15; 76. But because the form A-da-ma-ku-ni occurs in Kaneš in the 19th or 18th century BC and
the later form A-dam-Ma-li-e from Alala‹ from 15th-14th century, attaching the Hattian element Maliya also
attested in Kaniš, Adamma could belong to an old substratum of Asia Minor but later Semitized according to
Lipiński: Lipiński, E., Resheph, A Syro-Canaanite Deity, Leuven, 2009, p. 52. The suffix –kuni belongs
according to Laroche to a “submerged Anatolian language of unknown origin,” Lipiński, ibid.(referring to
Laroche, E., Les noms des Hittites, Paris, 1966, p. 48, no. 197). But this suffix is common among the Hurrian
PNs, as explained above in discussing the PN Š/Satarguni (see above). For Archi both Adamma and Aštabi(l),
together with Iš‹ara, are among the substrate deities: Archi, A.,“Divinités sémitiques et divinités de substrat, le
cas d’Iš‹ara et d’Ištar à Ebla,” MARI 7, Paris, 1993, p. 72; Archi, A.,“Substrate: Some Remarks on the
Formation of the West Hurrian Pantheon,” Hittite and other Anatolian and Near Eastern Studies in Honour of
Sedat Alp, eds. H. Otten, E. Akurgal, H. Ertem and A. Süel, Ankara, 1992, p. 10-11.

ari ara there is, or such a form of ´be. Have to check.

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#1446 Feb 15, 2013
épat hepat Hep Bat

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#1447 Feb 15, 2013
pg14 15 180 181
114

This is a type of hand-made, red-black burnished pottery, imitating metal or stone vases, with relief
decorative motifs. Some specimens show they were wheel-made and without relief decorations. It spread from
the region between the Kura and Araxes to Eastern Anatolia, Northern Anatolia as far as Khirbet-Karak on the
southwestern shore of the Tabaria Lake; cf. Börker-Klähn, J., Die archäologische Problematik der Hurriter-Frage
und eine mögliche Lösung, in Hurriter und Hurritisch, ed. V. Haas, Konstanz, 1988, p. 213; Hrouda, B.,“Zur
Problem der Hurriter,” MARI 5, p. 597.

Ah so the Hurri form the connection between that black pottery also found in Anatolia and greek turkey.
Also tentatively between Midianite Shashu and thus Luvian mention of a kin peope called the Shashu. Anatolians traveling far and wide to establish trade, destroy and conquer.

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#1448 Feb 15, 2013
old Alalah and Harraan also form a connection in that hurrite expansion.

Harraan Harran as known from Ab ram.

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#1449 Feb 15, 2013
pg 18 183

128

26) dumu-munus-a-ni 27) Si-ma-núm†-e °nam-é¿-gi4-a-bi-šè 29)[…]-sum, Frayne, RIME 3/2, p. 297
(E3/2.1.4.1, col. iii, l. 26-29).
129
This PN is considered Hurrian by Gelb, consisting of the element puš with the ending –am: Gelb, HS, p. 114.
Wilhelm analysed it as Pušš(i?)=a=m “He is like…,” Wilhelm, Hurrians in Kültepe Texts, in Anatolia and the
Jazira …, p. 185.
130
Sallaberger, Ur III Zeit, OBO, p. 161. The names of these two persons are good Hurrian names. The first can
be analysed as ari=p=atal “The strong (one) has given.” The second is perhaps i=p=‹u‹u, of which the second
part is known to be attested in other Hurrian PNs, such as Ultum-‹u‹u and Niriš‹u‹a. There are numerous
names from Nuzi that begin with Arip-, cf. NPN, p. 28f.; cf. also Richter for the element ar-, Richter, Ein
›urriter wird geboren … und benannt, in Kulturlandschaft Syrien, Zentrum und Peripherie, Fs. für Jan-Waalke
Meyer, ed. J. Becker, R. Hempelmann and E. Rehm, Münster, 2010, p. 510 f.
131
Michalowski,“The Bride of Simanum,” p. 717.
132
For details, cf. Michalowski, op. cit., p. 717-18; especially 719.
133
Michalowski, op. cit., p. 718.
134
Frayne,“The Zagros Campaigns of Šulgi and Amar-Suena,” SCCNH 10 (1999), p. 146.
135
Hallo, W. W.,“Simurrum and the Hurrian Frontier,” p. 74 and the table on page 82.
136
Michalowski, P.,“Königsbriefe,” RlA 6 (1980-1983), p. 53. Michalowski translated the name as “Wall of the
land,” but taking into consideration the Sumerian word kalam,“country/homeland,”, the translation of ma-da by
Hallo (see for instance Hallo, RHA, 36) as “unincorporated land” seems preferable.
137
Michalowski,“Königsbriefe,” RlA 6, p. 53.

For the meaning of ´kuni see the dissertation on Luvian.
Also for the suggested reading of the cuneiform as probably more correct sounding Uruk as Unug.
And the reasons therefore.

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#1450 Feb 15, 2013
pg 24
pg 23 would have the place Yabur

Giving a princess to marriage in Simanum and a military intervention to restore its
kingship was not for nothing. Steinkeller considers that the location of this kingdom was vital
for Ur as an ally because it “policed the middle course of the Tigris (where principalities such
as Nineveh and Habūra were situated), at the same time providing Babylonia with a safety...

So habiru is not just an honorary term for templeguards as mentioned or thought of some old texts of Ebla or Mari or Nuzi (sorry forgot which) but from an actual place.
Not to be confused with the Jordan connected Habur.

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#1451 Feb 15, 2013
pg 25 190
Archival texts dated to the years following this campaign mention “soldiers from
Simanum” and from other cities that were, according to some, conquered during the
campaign. 187 The other cities were ›abūra, Talmuš(associated with the man Tabliš), 188
Ninua, Uruae and °ma¿-ri-ma-nu-um mar-dú. Ninua’s location is known but not that of the
others.›abūra could be sited close to the Pēsh Habūr, an eastern tributary of the Tigris.
Frayne tentatively suggested a location at or near the confluence of this tributary with the
Tigris, probably identifiable with Tell Basorin.189 Its identification with the ›aburātum of the
Mari archives is unavoidable and the rebellion of both Simanum and ›abūra provides a hint
that they were close to each other. As for Talmuš, it has been sited somewhere north or
northwest of Nineveh.190 The location of Uruae escapes any attempt at identification.

habuura haburaatum #363 uu

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#1452 Feb 15, 2013
187
Maeda, T.,“The Defense Zone during the Rule of the Ur III Dynasty,” ASJ 14 (1992), p. 137. The text lists
deliveries from soldiers of ›abura, Talmuš, Ninua and Uruae in addition to °ma¿-ri-ma-nu-um mar-dú. The
frequent mention of Mardaman with ›abura in Ur III texts makes it possible to identify the Marimanum
mentioned in this text with Mardaman if we assume the omission of a DA sign and KI determinative (= Ma-ri-
<da>-ma-nu-um<†>), cf. Frayne, RIME 3/2, p. 288.
188
Maeda, T.,“The Defense Zone during the …,” p. 137.
189
Frayne, RIME 3/2 (Ur III), p. 288.

And here we find the earliest link between presumed habiru hebrew and merodach´MaRDuK

The book is looking for original Kurdish territory linked to 2500 to 1500 BC.

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#1453 Feb 15, 2013
mariman marduk and amorite one can consider as the same.
The KI determinative stands for town, so the town Mari.
Sumer DA/innate. Or in old Futhark and old german turned into ´god.

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#1454 Feb 15, 2013
metals and metal working in the hebrew bible
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/j...

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#1455 Feb 15, 2013
Moses family a Horite priest structure.
The land of Nod
http://jandyongenesis.blogspot.nl/2007/08/is-...

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#1456 Feb 15, 2013
Of the beaten track do to say.
Though reading the last post could be conducive to inspiration.

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#1457 Feb 16, 2013
IRON (Heb. barzel, parzel, parzela)
As to the sources of iron ore, the Palestinian Targum translates the place names Kadesh and Wilderness of Zin (Sinai) as "Mountain of Iron" (Num. 33:36; 34:4). The Mishnah (Suk. 3:1) and Josephus (War, 4:454) mention an Iron Mountain near Gerasa in Transjordan (Avi-Yonah, Geog., 162). Indian iron was used for making weapons (Av. Zar. 16a), and Indian swords were the very best available (Tan&#7717;., Va-Et&#7717;annan 6). Parzelayyah is used as a generic term for iron tools (Lev. R. 24:3; TJ, Nid. 2:6, 50b, as a simile for a sharp mind). He who bathes in hot water without showering himself afterward with cold water is like iron that has been treated in the fire without being put into cold water afterward (Shab. 41a). According to R. Eliezer, it is permitted on the Sabbath to cut wood on which to burn coal to forge a knife for a circumcision which is to occur on that day (ibid. 19:1, 130a). The Talmud speaks of even sho'evet, a magnetic stone which attracts iron (Sot. 47a).

Some think an older Hurrian presence is
shown by the assumed Hurrian loan-word ta/ibira in Sumerian, used for a smith or copper-
worker.65 This etymology presumes a derivation from the Hurrian verbal root tab/v,‘to pour’
or ‘to cast.’ The word ta/ibira in Sumerian is so old that it formed part of the name of one of
the predeluvian cities, Bad-tibira. Although not certain, the borrowing by the Sumerians of
such a technical word from the mountainous regions of the Zagros or even the Taurus is quite
possible. Mountaineers in the Zagros and Taurus became skilful metallurgists in earlier times,
because their land was, in contrast to the Mesopotamian alluvium, rich with metal ores. They
used the plentiful supply of wood as fuel for extracting the metal. Moreover, since the Uruk
Period, trade networks that connected the Mesopotamian ‘core’ with the northern,
northeastern and northwestern ‘peripheries’ were principally based on the exchange of raw
material from the peripheries and worked products from the core.66 One of these vital raw
materials was metal in the form of ingots, cast by the sellers in the mountains. It is from this
that the word ta/ibira has probably come. The medieval GN Tabarist&#257;n also deserves
attention. This name was given to the costal strip and the inner steep mountainous region of
the Alburz Chain to the south of the Caspian Sea from ancient times until the Selj&#363;qs, and is
known today as Mazandar&#257;n. 67 Folk etymologies of this GN mean ‘The land of axes’,
associated with the abundance of woods widely exploited by cutting, 68 taking Tab(a)r as
“axe”(in New Persian) and the Iranian word i/ast&#257;n as “land” or “country.” However, the
Hurrian word tab/v could be connected with the Tab(a)r of the geographical name Tabarist&#257;n
and even the New Persian word Tabr and Kurdish Tawr “axe” could be related to the Hurrian
verbal root tab/v, for axes as metal tools have been cast in these regions for millennia.

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#1458 Feb 16, 2013
Adamma sources.
Given the symbols twisted this is going to take several posts
Lilith wiki
google Astour mesopotamia sources
A dictionary of ANE mythology Gwendolyn Leick
African Mythology dictionary
The goddess Eve and her dirty consort Adam A different take on creation and the location of the garden west of eden. blog stagspirit
Watson Wilfred G.E. The goddesses of Ugarit A survey
The archeology of Mesopotamia± bibliography

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#1459 Feb 16, 2013
http://sheekh-3arb.org/library/books/up_coll/...
242 pages pdf dictionary ANE myth

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#1460 Feb 16, 2013
http://www.mythologydictionary.com/african-my...
African mythology dictionary Adamma
Also other countries

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#1461 Feb 16, 2013
Stagspirit August Hunt´s books and articles
http://stagspirit.wordpress.com/2012/05/17/th...

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#1462 Feb 16, 2013
https://docs.google.com/viewer...
W.G.E. Watson
Ugarit and area nearby, goddesses an extensive survey with appropriate bibliography

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