Alexandria: A city of art and culture - Arab News

Feb 13, 2011 Full story: arabnews.com 110

Situated in the northern part of Egypt on the coast lies Alexandria. Widely known as the “Pearl of the Mediterranean,” Alexandria is a popular tourist attraction due to its rich culture, array of available activities and year-round perfect weather. In ancient times, Alexandria was one of the world’s most famous cities. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria was the main Greek city in Egypt.

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Xenofon

Scarborough, Canada

#1 Feb 13, 2011
"In ancient times, Alexandria was one of the world’s most famous cities. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria was the main Greek city in Egypt and then came under Roman influence until 430 BC. It remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years, until the advent of Islam in 641 AD."

You Slavkos get punished everytime! Learn to accept your Bulgarian roots! No shame in that.

Since: Mar 08

I like to screw pichkas!!!

#2 Feb 13, 2011
No Bulgarians in Egypt????

The Egyptians, the Jews, the Persians, the Indians, etc, all know intimately who the Macedonians are!

Where is your "Makedonski" diaspora in all the cities that Alexander and his successors founded?

Simple questions for simple people!

Since: Mar 08

I like to screw pichkas!!!

#3 Feb 13, 2011
Where are you clowns in all the cities that Alexander founded?

No "Makedonski" in Alexandria?

Clowns!
FOR-REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

Liverpool, Australia

#4 Feb 13, 2011
who="Xenofon THE african ape"]"In ancient times, Alexandria was one of the world’s most famous cities. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria was the main Macedonian city in Egypt and then came under Roman influence until 430 BC. It remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years, until the advent of Islam in 641 AD."
You get punished everytime! Learn to accept your Ethiopian[Greeks] roots! No shame in that. you mast know you are AFRICAN[TRIBE BLOOD ETHIOPIAN[GREEKS] HAVE NO CONECTION IN ANY WAYS WITH MACEDONIAN HISTORY OR MACEDONIAN KINGDAM;;;;;;;LONG LIVE MACEDONIA[REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA ALWAYS MACEDONIAN FOREVER;;;;;SHAME ON AFRICAN[ETHIOPIAN[GREEKS]]STEA LIN MACEDONIAN HISTORY;;;;;SHAME ON YOU AND YOUR WORLD PROPAGANDA;;IS DEAD;;;;;
[]
FOR-REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

Liverpool, Australia

#5 Feb 13, 2011
[who="GEOROX ETHIOPIAN BABOON"]Where are you clowns in all the cities that Alexander founded? was founded bye MACEDONOIAN KING ALEXANDER THE GREAT MORON;;;;;;;;;;;ALWAYS IS FROM MACEDONIAN KINGDAM;;;;;;;;;;;;;AND FROM MACEDONIAN HISTORY;;;NO FROM AFRICANS;DAM SHIT ETHIOPIAN[GAY REEKS]
"PLENTY AFRICAN [ETHIOPIAN[GREEKS]" in Alexandria?
Clowns![/]FROM AFRICAN BABOON BLOOD;;SO PISS OF DAM ARSE MONKEY;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; LONG LIVE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA FOREVER UNAITED;;AS A PART OF MACEDONIAN KINGDAM;;;;;;;;;

Since: Mar 08

I like to screw pichkas!!!

#6 Feb 13, 2011
Lo and behold ladies and gentlemen, Fyromian intelligentsia at its very best!
Xenofon

Scarborough, Canada

#7 Feb 13, 2011
FOR-REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA wrote:
who="Xenofon THE african ape"]"In ancient times, Alexandria was one of the world’s most famous cities. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria was the main Macedonian city in Egypt and then came under Roman influence until 430 BC. It remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years, until the advent of Islam in 641 AD."
You get punished everytime! Learn to accept your Ethiopian[Greeks] roots! No shame in that. you mast know you are AFRICAN[TRIBE BLOOD ETHIOPIAN[GREEKS] HAVE NO CONECTION IN ANY WAYS WITH MACEDONIAN HISTORY OR MACEDONIAN KINGDAM;;;;;;;LONG LIVE MACEDONIA[REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA ALWAYS MACEDONIAN FOREVER;;;;;SHAME ON AFRICAN[ETHIOPIAN[GREEKS]]STEA LIN MACEDONIAN HISTORY;;;;;SHAME ON YOU AND YOUR WORLD PROPAGANDA;;IS DEAD;;;;;
[]
Stunning, absolutely well thought out and informative! lol The brilliance of a Skop has always fascinated me.
Dude

North Sydney, Australia

#8 Feb 13, 2011
What is this, evidence of greeks in africa????

hahahahahahahahaha

Since: Mar 08

I like to screw pichkas!!!

#9 Feb 13, 2011
Dude wrote:
What is this, evidence of greeks in africa????
hahahahahahahahaha
Yeah tikvar, in **ALEXANDRIA**! A Greek city founded by Alexander the Great. Where the f@ck are you Bulgarian clowns? NOWHERE, that's where!
Dude

North Sydney, Australia

#10 Feb 13, 2011
hahahahahahahhaha

take a chill pill, you are screaming like a banshee

hahahahahahahahahaha
GEOROX wrote:
<quoted text>
Yeah tikvar, in **ALEXANDRIA**! A Greek city founded by Alexander the Great. Where the f@ck are you Bulgarian clowns? NOWHERE, that's where!

“"MAKEDONKA"”

Since: Jul 08

Bitola

#11 Feb 13, 2011
As Philip said it a long time ago your all HOMOS!

Greek=Hellas=Athena’s=Cretans= Corinthians=Spartans= All gays to Macedonians;

Philip II of Macedon's recorded by Plutarch demonstrates:

Quote;
Homosexuality among males in the militaries and warriors of ancient Greek city-states was documented by many historians throughout the ages. However the importance of them in establishing military formations varied. The relationships themselves were widespread as remarks of Philip II of Macedon's recorded by Plutarch demonstrates:

"It is not only the most warlike peoples, the Boeotians, Spartans, and Cretans, who are the most susceptible to this kind of love but also the greatest heroes of old: Meleager, Achilles, Aristomenes, Cimon, and Epaminondas."

http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1 ...

It’s easier to tell you whom I consider Greek.

**Ancient times the city-states type of government (Athens,
Corinth, Sparta and Thebes) and those that practiced the pederastic tradition;

Eromenos
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Cite This Source

In the pederastic tradition of Classical Athens, the eromenos (Greek &#7952;&#961;&#974 ;&#956;&#949;&#957 ;&#959;&#962;, pl. &#7952;&#961;&#974 ;&#956;&#949;&#957 ;&#959;&#953;, "eromenoi") was an adolescent boy who was in a love relationship with an adult man, known as the erastes (&#7952;&#961;&#94 5;&#963;&#964;&#94 2;&#962;).
The term for the role often varied from one polis to another. In Athens, the eromenos was also known as the paidika; in Sparta they used aites (hearer), a term also used in Thessaly; in Crete the boys were known as kleinos (glorious) and if they had fought in battle with their lover, as parastathenes (one who stands beside).
The ideal eromenos - as well as his erastes - was expected to be ruled by the principles of enkrateia, or "self-mastery," which presumed an attitude of moderation and self-restraint in all matters.

“"MAKEDONKA"”

Since: Jul 08

Bitola

#12 Feb 13, 2011
The Conquest of Greece

Quote;

Ordering the Macedonian troops to lift the sieges of the two Greek cities, Philip led the army northward across Thrace. In the spring of 339 the Macedonians clashed with the Scythians near Danube, who had recently crossed the river with large army. Philip won a stunning victory in which the Scythian king Areas was killed and took 20,000 Scythian women and children as slaves.

But on the return to Macedonia, the Thracian Triballians attacked the Macedonian convoy. The booty was lost, Philip suffered a severe injury which left him permanently lame, and the army returned home empty-handed.

The Conquest of Greece

Philip spent the following months in Macedonia recovering from the injury, but there was no time to relax. The Greeks were uniting and assembling a large army, and as historian Peter Green observed 'if Philip did not move fast it would be they who invaded his territory, not he theirs’.

As soon as he recovered, Philip assembled the largest Macedonian army yet,***gave his 18-year-old son Alexander*** a commanding post*** among the senior Macedonian generals, and marched into Greece.

The Greeks likewise assembled their largest army since the Persian invasion to face the Macedonian invasion.

At Chaeronea in central Greece where the two armies met, the whole of Greece put 35,000 infantry and 2,000 cavalry on the field, while the Macedonians had 30,000 infantry and 2,000 cavalry.

Although outnumbered, with suburb tactics and well coordination of the phalanx with the cavalry, the Macedonian ‘barbarian’ defeated the ***united Greek army***.

Among the Greeks, the Athenians, Thebans, and the Achaeans suffered the biggest losses.

The ancient Roman and Greek historians, consider the battle of Chaeronea, on August 2nd, 338 BC as an end to Greek liberty and history.

***Greece will not regain its freedom from foreign occupation until early 19th century AD.***

“"MAKEDONKA"”

Since: Jul 08

Bitola

#13 Feb 13, 2011
Alexander the great used the Corinthian leagues treaty in his favor to invade Persia.
The Corinthian league
In August 338, the Macedonian king Philip had defeated an army of Athenians and Thebans on the plain of Chaeronea, a town in Central Greece (story). The Macedonian victory meant the end of the independence of the Greek towns: Philip forced them to join the Corinthian league. The Roman author Marcus Junianus Justinus -in English better known as Justin- gives a description of the first meeting in his Excerpt of the History of Philip by Pompeius Trogus (section 9.5). The translation was made by Michael Crawford and David Whitehead.

After he had settled matters in Greece, Philip ordered that envoys should be summoned to Corinth from all the states with a view to consolidating the settlement. He there propounded a covenant of peace for the whole of Greece, giving each state the share that it deserved, and he created a council of representatives to serve as a sort of common senate.
***Only the Spartans refused to have anything to do with the king or with the covenant; they considered that a settlement imposed by the victor instead of being agreed on by the states concerned meant **enslavement,** not peace.***
Next, the military contributions were fixed that the individual states were to make, whether to assist the king against attack or for making war under his command. But everyone realized that these arrangements were directed against the Persian empire.
The text of the treaty has been partly preserved. The first line runs like this:
I swear by Zeus, Earth, Sun, Poseidon, Athena, Ares, and all the gods and goddesses.
• I will abide by the peace;
• I will not break the agreements with Philip the Macedonian;
• nor will I take up arms with hostile intent against any one of those who abide by the oaths either by land or by sea.
The provisions of the treaty were:
1. that the constitutions of the member states would remain unchanged;
2. that violence between the member states was no longer permitted;
3. that, in case of the overthrow of a government, a congress of representatives, was to meet at Corinth;
4. that it would establish the facts and declare war;
5. that the league's army was to be commanded by Philip;
6. that the league's member states would sent a number of soldiers to the league's army in proportion to their size.

http://www.livius.org/aj-al/alexander/alexand...

Phillip II forced you to swear allegiance to him so what, you broke you word the day he Died and then Alexander destroyed Thebes.

“"MAKEDONKA"”

Since: Jul 08

Bitola

#14 Feb 13, 2011
Alexander add his Guards

During the reign of Alexander the Great, the Macedonians spoke their own native language, as the native language language of

***Alexander the Great was not understood by the ancient Greeks (Quintus Curtius Rufus, VI, 9,***

*** 37 ). Similarly, Plutarch points out that Alexander spoke to his fellow countrymen in Macedonian: "he [Alexander] called out aloud to his guards in the Macedonian language, which was a certain sign of some great disturbance in him" (Plutarch, Alexander, 51).***

Still, Alexander spoke also Greek, loved Homer, and respected his tutor Aristotle. At the same time though, there is much evidence that generally he was not fond of the Greeks of his day. The chronicler Curtius, describing the atmosphere before a battle, gave a notion of the different attitudes of the great commander, who psychognostically applied the principle of identity to every ethnic group in his army. In respect to the various motives for taking part in that war, Curtius wrote:

"Riding to the front line he [Alexander the Great] named the soldiers and they responded from spot to spot where they were lined up. The Macedonians, who had won so many battles in Europe and set off to invade Asia ... got encouragement from him - he reminded them of their permanent values. They were the world's liberators and one day they would pass the frontiers set by Hercules and Patter Liber. They would subdue all races on Earth. Bactrius and India would become Macedonian provinces. Getting closer to the Greeks, he reminded them that those were the people who provoked war with Greece,... those were the people that burned their temples and cities ... As the Illirians and Trakians lived mainly from plunder, he told them to look at the enemy line glittering in gold ..."

Q. C. Rufus, Alexander III, 10, 4-10

“"MAKEDONKA"”

Since: Jul 08

Bitola

#15 Feb 13, 2011
Alexander phalanx had to be add in Macedonian

This clearly shows that the phalanx had to be addressed in Macedonian, if one wanted to be sure (as Ambiance certainly did) that they would understand.

And almost equally interesting - he did not address them himself, as he and other commanders normally address soldiers who understood them, nor did he sent a Greek.

The suggestion is surely that Macedonian was the language of the infantry and that Greek was a difficult, indeed a foreign language to them.

We may thus take it as certain that, when Alexander used Macedonian in addressing his guards, that too was because it was their normal language, and because (like Ambiance) he had to be sure he would be understood".

It is documented that Ambiance had experienced extreme difficulties in commanding the Macedonian soldiers.

His disability was "not only his Greek birth, as has always being realized, but the simple fact that he could not directly communicate with the Macedonian soldiers".

"His alien culture and provenance were not only obvious in an accent; it was a matter of a language".

["It was a matter of a language..."]
Spathis

Vancouver, Canada

#24 Feb 13, 2011
God Bless our belle au bois dormant-our beautiful Alexandria
Spathis

Vancouver, Canada

#25 Feb 13, 2011
boit

“Makedonia is Hellenic”

Since: Feb 10

Thessaloniki (Makedonia) Hella

#26 Feb 13, 2011
FOR-REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA wrote:
who="Xenofon THE african ape"]"In ancient times, Alexandria was one of the world’s most famous cities. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria was the main Macedonian city in Egypt and then came under Roman influence until 430 BC. It remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years, until the advent of Islam in 641 AD."
You get punished everytime! Learn to accept your Ethiopian[Greeks] roots! No shame in that. you mast know you are AFRICAN[TRIBE BLOOD ETHIOPIAN[GREEKS] HAVE NO CONECTION IN ANY WAYS WITH MACEDONIAN HISTORY OR MACEDONIAN KINGDAM;;;;;;;LONG LIVE MACEDONIA[REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA ALWAYS MACEDONIAN FOREVER;;;;;SHAME ON AFRICAN[ETHIOPIAN[GREEKS]]STEA LIN MACEDONIAN HISTORY;;;;;SHAME ON YOU AND YOUR WORLD PROPAGANDA;;IS DEAD;;;;;
[]
Did you read the article idiot Alexandria a Greek city in Egypy...No makedonski you stupid illeterate idiot.

“"MAKEDONKA"”

Since: Jul 08

Bitola

#28 Feb 13, 2011
Macedonian Illegal annex in the treaty of Bucharest 1913?

Read the treaty read the names places and how they where divided, you may need a map of the old cites and rivers.

http://www.pollitecon.com/html/treaties/Treat...

http://www.ems.name/MACEDONIANISM/Mavrogenis....

Greece's gain in territory
The boundary line separating Greece from Bulgaria was drawn from the crest of Belasica to the mouth of the Mesta (Nestos), on the Aegean Sea. This important territorial concession, which Bulgaria resolutely contested, in compliance with the instructions embraced in the notes which the Russian Empire and Austria-Hungary presented to the conference, increased the area of Greece from 25,014 to 41,933 square miles (108,610 km2) and its population from 2,660,000 to 4,363,000.
The territory thus annexed included Epirus up to the present Greek-Albanian border, a large part of Macedonia, including Thessaloniki and all of what constitutes the current region of Macedonia. The Greek-Bulgarian border was moved eastwards to beyond Kavala, thus restricting the Aegean seaboard of Bulgaria to an inconsiderable extent of 70 miles (110 km), with only Dedeagach (modern Alexandroupoli) as a seaport. In addition, Crete was definitively assigned to Greece and was formally taken over on December 14 of that year. Within this region was also Florina.

Bulgaria's gain in territory
Bulgaria's share of the spoils, although greatly reduced, was not entirely negligible. Its net gains in territory, which embraced a portion of Macedonia, Pirin Macedonia (or Bulgarian Macedonia), including the town of Strumica, Western Thrace, and 70 miles (110 km) of the Aegean littoral, were about 9,663 square miles (25,030 km2), and its population was increased by 129,490.
Bulgaria ceded to Romania all that portion of the Dobrudja lying north of a line extending from the Danube just above Tutrakan (Turtucaia) to the western shore of the Black Sea, south of Ekrene (Ecrene); Southern Dobruja has an approximate area of 2,687 square miles (6,960 km2), a population of 286,000, and includes the fortress of Silistra and the cities of Tutrakan on the Danube and Balchik (Balcic) on the Black Sea.
In addition, Bulgaria agreed to dismantle all existing fortresses and bound itself not to construct forts at Rousse or Shumen or in any of the territory between these two cities, or within a radius of 20 kilometers around Balchik.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Buchar... (1913)

ANY BOOKS TRANSLATED FROM GREEK BOOK IS NOT ACCURETA AFTER 1913 AND ARE OF NO USE AND ARE NOTHING BUT GREEK PROPAGANDE MATTERIAL.

YOU CAN POST AS MUSCH AS YOU LIKE BUT IF THE BOOK WHERE TRANSLATED AFTER 1913 AND BY GREEK PROFFESERE TO ME THERE ARE NOTHING BUT GREEK PROPAGANDE MATTERIAL.

“"MAKEDONKA"”

Since: Jul 08

Bitola

#29 Feb 13, 2011
You all clam that your know your history so why wont one brave soul answer my question I have provided links with pictures so you can see the gold larnax and of the flag so there no way you could make a mistake what I talking about, what’s the name of the flower use in the sunburst?

Question;
Can anyone from Greece or Bulgaria name the flower in the centre of the Macedonian 16 or 8 ray sunburst flag & gold larnax?

The Rosetta Stone - Ancient Macedonian
http://au.youtube.com/watch ...
In English.

Pictures of the sunburst with flower.
http://img370.imageshack.us/img370/9646/akrit ...

http://www.soros.org.mk/archive/G10/images/sg ...

****Additional flag in Greek colures to help you identify the name of the flower in the centre?****
http://www.fotw.net/images/g/gr-maced.gif

***One year plus*** Or *** 105 *** WEEKS NOT ONE BRAVE GREEK / BULGARIAN HAS ANSWERD MY QUESTION?

PS. Answer this correctly and I will neve post again you will have the satisfaction of silencing The Rose.

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