Who Invented Aglebra!?

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Love

Cairo, Egypt

#1 Sep 17, 2008
Muslims did!

Man kind need Islam to lead us again!

And this will happen no matter what Jokers, hate bags, criminals, terrorists WISH!

Peace

Since: Apr 07

Location hidden

#2 Sep 17, 2008
Umm, it was Hindus....

Since: Apr 07

Location hidden

#3 Sep 17, 2008
Love wrote:
Muslims did!
Peace
Hindu Algebra
The successors of the Greeks in the history of mathematics were the Hindus of India. The Hindu civilization dates back to at least 2000 B.C. Their record in mathematics dates from about 800 B.C., but became significant only after influenced by Greek achievements. Most Hindu mathematics was motivated by astronomy and astrology. A base ten, positional notation system was standard by 600 A.D. They treated zero as a number and discussed operations involving this number.

The Hindus introduced negative numbers to represent debts. The first known use is by Brahmagupta about 628. Bhaskara (b. 1114) recognized that a positive number has two square roots. The Hindus also developed correct procedures for operating with irrational numbers.

They made progress in algebra as well as arithmetic. They developed some symbolism which, though not extensive, was enough to classify Hindu algebra as almost symbolic and certainly more so than the syncopated algebra of Diophantus. Only the steps in the solutions of problems were stated; no reasons or proofs accompanied them.

The Hindus recognized that quadratic equations have two roots, and included negative as well as irrational roots. They could not, however, solve all quadratics since they did not recognize square roots of negative numbers as numbers. In indeterminate equations the Hindus advanced beyond Diophantus. Aryabhata (b. 476) obtained whole number solutions to ax ± by = c by a method equivalent to the modern method. They also considered indeterminate quadratic equations.



Arabic Algebra
In the 7th and 8th centuries the Arabs, united by Mohammed, conquered the land from India, across northern Africa, to Spain. In the following centuries (through the 14th) they pursued the arts and sciences and were responsible for most of the scientific advances made in the west. Although the language was Arabic many of the scholars were Greeks, Christians, Persians, or Jews. Their most valuable contribution was the preservation of Greek learning through the middle ages, and it is through their translations that much of what we know today about the Greeks became available. In addition they made original contributions of their own.

They took over and improved the Hindu number symbols and the idea of positional notation.

Like the Hindus, the Arabs worked freely with irrationals. However they took a backward step in rejecting negative numbers in spite of having learned of them from the Hindus.

http://www.ucs.louisiana.edu/~sxw8045/history...
zooz

Cairo, Egypt

#4 Sep 17, 2008
The word "algebra" is derived from the Arabic word al-jabr. This term is found in Mohammed ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi’s book The Comprehensive Book of Calculation by Balance and Opposition, written around the year 825. Balance is a translation of the word al-jabr, which eventually became algebra.

In al-Khwarizmi’s book, he did not use the modern algebraic notation, neither did he use equations. Instead, everything was in words. For example, he used the Arabic word shay, or thing, in place of X. The text was a manual for solving equations. He mainly dealt with square (of the unknown), roots of the square, and absolute numbers (constants). He noted six different types of quadratic equations, such as squares equal to roots (ax2=bx) and squares equal to numbers (ax2=c).

However, Islamic mathematics did not deal with negative numbers, hence the modern day general form of the quadratic equation ax2+bx+c did not make sense then, as the roots may be negative. They did not consider the negative roots.
Love

Cairo, Egypt

#5 Sep 17, 2008
Miss Scooter to You wrote:
Umm, it was Hindus....
Without mmm He did and was further developed by others, most notably Umar Khayyam (Muslim also)!

Peace
Love

Cairo, Egypt

#6 Sep 17, 2008
Miss Scooter to You wrote:
<quoted text>
Hindu Algebra
The successors of the Greeks in the history of mathematics were the Hindus of India. The Hindu civilization dates back to at least 2000 B.C. Their record in mathematics dates from about 800 B.C., but became significant only after influenced by Greek achievements. Most Hindu mathematics was motivated by astronomy and astrology. A base ten, positional notation system was standard by 600 A.D. They treated zero as a number and discussed operations involving this number.
The Hindus introduced negative numbers to represent debts. The first known use is by Brahmagupta about 628. Bhaskara (b. 1114) recognized that a positive number has two square roots. The Hindus also developed correct procedures for operating with irrational numbers.
They made progress in algebra as well as arithmetic. They developed some symbolism which, though not extensive, was enough to classify Hindu algebra as almost symbolic and certainly more so than the syncopated algebra of Diophantus. Only the steps in the solutions of problems were stated; no reasons or proofs accompanied them.
The Hindus recognized that quadratic equations have two roots, and included negative as well as irrational roots. They could not, however, solve all quadratics since they did not recognize square roots of negative numbers as numbers. In indeterminate equations the Hindus advanced beyond Diophantus. Aryabhata (b. 476) obtained whole number solutions to ax ± by = c by a method equivalent to the modern method. They also considered indeterminate quadratic equations.
Arabic Algebra
In the 7th and 8th centuries the Arabs, united by Mohammed, conquered the land from India, across northern Africa, to Spain. In the following centuries (through the 14th) they pursued the arts and sciences and were responsible for most of the scientific advances made in the west. Although the language was Arabic many of the scholars were Greeks, Christians, Persians, or Jews. Their most valuable contribution was the preservation of Greek learning through the middle ages, and it is through their translations that much of what we know today about the Greeks became available. In addition they made original contributions of their own.
They took over and improved the Hindu number symbols and the idea of positional notation.
Like the Hindus, the Arabs worked freely with irrationals. However they took a backward step in rejecting negative numbers in spite of having learned of them from the Hindus.
http://www.ucs.louisiana.edu/~sxw8045/history...
Sorry forget to tell you the name of this Great Muslim Scientist:

Al-Khawarizmi

Peace
charlie

New York, NY

#7 Sep 17, 2008
Love wrote:
<quoted text>
Sorry forget to tell you the name of this Great Muslim Scientist:
Al-Khawarizmi
Peace
He first recored a book with the mathical code and tricks that were already out there and peolpe were practicing for problem solving.

No one man invented Algebra. People in different parts o the civilized world was already using mathematical coding.

It happened to be he first gathered bits and pieces of what was already out there and published from Bagdhat.
Love

Cairo, Egypt

#8 Sep 17, 2008
charlie wrote:
<quoted text>
He first recored a book with the mathical code and tricks that were already out there and peolpe were practicing for problem solving.
No one man invented Algebra. People in different parts o the civilized world was already using mathematical coding.
It happened to be he first gathered bits and pieces of what was already out there and published from Bagdhat.
[[ Hisab al-jabr w'al-muqabala]]

This is His book which were the first Book of Algebra and the name Algebra is taken from the name of his book above [Al-Jabr]

While you were still Barbarians!
Tell me what did christianity offer to science except killing and burning scientists!?

peace
Eddy

Liverpool, UK

#9 Sep 17, 2008
I don't think Islam had anything to do with it - it was just some guy who happened to be muslim.

He didn't get the idea from the quran.

Eddy

Liverpool, UK

#10 Sep 17, 2008
Same with someone like Francis S. Collins who ran the human genome project. He is a devout christian, but he didn't get his ideas how to run the project from the bible!
Eddy

Liverpool, UK

#11 Sep 17, 2008
Love wrote:
<quoted text>
[[ Hisab al-jabr w'al-muqabala]]
This is His book which were the first Book of Algebra and the name Algebra is taken from the name of his book above [Al-Jabr]
While you were still Barbarians!
Tell me what did christianity offer to science except killing and burning scientists!?
peace
That killing and burning scientists stage is long gone. Christianity has been reigned in since then.

Islam is being reigned in right now. We in this forum are part of that process - no need to thank us!
Love

Cairo, Egypt

#12 Sep 17, 2008
Eddy wrote:
I don't think Islam had anything to do with it - it was just some guy who happened to be muslim.
He didn't get the idea from the quran.
Muslim mathematicians excelled in geometry, as can be seen in their graphic arts, and it was the great Al-Biruni (who excelled also in the fields of natural history, even geology and mineralogy) who established trigonometry as a distinct branch of mathematics. Other Muslim mathematicians made significant progress in number theory.

It is interesting to note that Islam so strongly urges mankind to study and explore the universe. For example, the Holy Quran states:

"We (Allah) will show you (mankind) Our signs/patterns in the horizons/universe and in yourselves until you are convinced that the revelation is the truth."[Holy Quran 41:53]

This invitation to explore and search made Muslims interested in astronomy, mathematics, chemistry, and the other sciences, and they had a very clear and firm understanding of the correspondences among geometry, mathematics, and astronomy.

The Muslims invented the symbol for zero (The word "cipher" comes from Arabic sifr), and they organized the numbers into the decimal system - base 10. Additionally, they invented the symbol to express an unknown quantity, i.e. variables like x.

The first great Muslim mathematician, Al-Khawarizmi, invented the subject of algebra (al-Jabr), which was further developed by others, most notably Umar Khayyam. Al-Khawarizmi's work, in Latin translation, brought the Arabic numerals along with the mathematics to Europe, through Spain. The word "algorithm" is derived from his name.

Peace
Eddy

Liverpool, UK

#13 Sep 18, 2008
Love wrote:
....
It is interesting to note that Islam so strongly urges mankind to study and explore the universe. For example, the Holy Quran states:
"We (Allah) will show you (mankind) Our signs/patterns in the horizons/universe and in yourselves until you are convinced that the revelation is the truth."[Holy Quran 41:53]
This invitation to explore and search made Muslims interested in astronomy, mathematics, chemistry, and the other sciences....
It seemed to work from 800s-1200s AD, but since then, there have been very very few scientific advances by muslims. 99.999% of scientific advances since the 13th century have been made by non-muslims.

Did allah abandon the muslims in the 13th century?

Love

Cairo, Egypt

#14 Sep 18, 2008
Eddy wrote:
<quoted text>
It seemed to work from 800s-1200s AD, but since then, there have been very very few scientific advances by muslims. 99.999% of scientific advances since the 13th century have been made by non-muslims.
Did allah abandon the muslims in the 13th century?
We had bad rulers who were away from Islam, and away of Islam means weak Muslims, beside Evil that came from your countires that keep stealing our fortunes till today, same like you do with all other nations in the world, so your advancment is due to Blood Money!

But things now change step by step and the only religion and is same and its followers keep growing since day one is ISLAM, while we can see the destroyed christianity in present times!

So Muslims return to Islam autmaticaly they lead in all fields again!

In present time socialy we lead the world although this is not want we should be like!

Peace
Eddy

Liverpool, UK

#15 Sep 18, 2008
Love wrote:
<quoted text>
We had bad rulers who were away from Islam, and away of Islam means weak Muslims, beside Evil that came from your countires that keep stealing our fortunes till today, same like you do with all other nations in the world, so your advancment is due to Blood Money!
But things now change step by step and the only religion and is same and its followers keep growing since day one is ISLAM, while we can see the destroyed christianity in present times!
So Muslims return to Islam autmaticaly they lead in all fields again!
In present time socialy we lead the world although this is not want we should be like!
Peace
I see...

It's always someone else's fault isn't it?

Islam has failed. Your god has failed you.

Islam will now fade away like the countledd other religions that came before and after it.
Anti Satan

Carshalton, UK

#16 Sep 18, 2008
Love wrote:
<quoted text>
Muslim mathematicians excelled in geometry, as can be seen in their graphic arts, and it was the great Al-Biruni (who excelled also in the fields of natural history, even geology and mineralogy) who established trigonometry as a distinct branch of mathematics. Other Muslim mathematicians made significant progress in number theory.
It is interesting to note that Islam so strongly urges mankind to study and explore the universe. For example, the Holy Quran states:
"We (Allah) will show you (mankind) Our signs/patterns in the horizons/universe and in yourselves until you are convinced that the revelation is the truth."[Holy Quran 41:53]
This invitation to explore and search made Muslims interested in astronomy, mathematics, chemistry, and the other sciences, and they had a very clear and firm understanding of the correspondences among geometry, mathematics, and astronomy.
The Muslims invented the symbol for zero (The word "cipher" comes from Arabic sifr), and they organized the numbers into the decimal system - base 10. Additionally, they invented the symbol to express an unknown quantity, i.e. variables like x.
The first great Muslim mathematician, Al-Khawarizmi, invented the subject of algebra (al-Jabr), which was further developed by others, most notably Umar Khayyam. Al-Khawarizmi's work, in Latin translation, brought the Arabic numerals along with the mathematics to Europe, through Spain. The word "algorithm" is derived from his name.
Peace
The concept of zero was discovered by Hindus. As was Algebra. Just because a word has an arabic base does not mean it was invented by muslims. Muslims invaded India, killied millions of Hindus and stole all their dioscoveries.
Alcohol is also an arabic word. Did muslims discover alcohol?
Rosa WA USA

Los Angeles, CA

#17 Apr 22, 2009
Love wrote:
<quoted text>
We had bad rulers who were away from Islam, and away of Islam means weak Muslims, beside Evil that came from your countires that keep stealing our fortunes till today, same like you do with all other nations in the world, so your advancment is due to Blood Money!
But things now change step by step and the only religion and is same and its followers keep growing since day one is ISLAM, while we can see the destroyed christianity in present times!
So Muslims return to Islam autmaticaly they lead in all fields again!
In present time socialy we lead the world although this is not want we should be like!
Peace
I don't know why you dirty arabs claim and steal everything from Persians. Khawrazmi was a persian mathematician and father of Jabr. He was from city of Khawrazm in Khowrasan Provience of Iran. He born as a Persian and he died as a persian. we lost khawrazm to Sowite Union around 180 years ago. after collapse of sowit Union became part of one of those states that named Uzbakestan. the age of Uzbakestan is 20 years. creation of Uzbackestan back to the president Rigan from America and President Mickheal Gorbachof of Sowit Union. As you see there were no any country name Uzbakestan up to 20 years ago. All people in the world know that Khawrazmi was a persian Methatematician who like as other persians had to write everything in arabic. 1400 years ago when the nomad badavi dirty wild arabs who nobody knew those uncivilized people who were killing their girls alive berry them alive between the walls with their fake religion stand up by their sowerd and faked try to concored everywhere(thanks god they couldn't), they occupid Iran(persia) too and they killed many many persians forcing them to convert to Islam. They killed many and many of Iranian who didn't want to accept that dirty fake religion. they were making Iranian to speak in their ugly horrible languge arabic and write in arabic. They occupid Iran(Persia) for 150 years and they made all persian to speak in arabic and converting to Islam otherwise been killed. That's why 99% of Iranian now moslem. that's why our persian scientists whom will be shine of the world for ever had to write their book in arabic. that's why khawrazmi(Father of jabr) had to write his book in arabic. Avecina, persian physician and Jaber Hayan(father of chemistry) had to write their book in arabic otherwise those dirty wild tazi arabs khalifeh could kill them if they were writting in Parsi.some of our scientists such as Avecina, Farabi and others were smart enough to write some of their books in Parsi.
Rosa WA USA

Los Angeles, CA

#18 Apr 22, 2009
Love wrote:
<quoted text>
We had bad rulers who were away from Islam, and away of Islam means weak Muslims, beside Evil that came from your countires that keep stealing our fortunes till today, same like you do with all other nations in the world, so your advancment is due to Blood Money!
But things now change step by step and the only religion and is same and its followers keep growing since day one is ISLAM, while we can see the destroyed christianity in present times!
So Muslims return to Islam autmaticaly they lead in all fields again!
In present time socialy we lead the world although this is not want we should be like!
Peace
Thanks God after 150 years one of our Poets " Ferdosi" wrote a book named it book of kings and he wrote all those books in pure persian(Parsi) language. He didn't use even one arabic word. He encourage his nation to stand up and kick all arabs and arabic out of our hooly land Iran(Persia). That's why Iranian whom are pure Aryan distinct themselves from dirty semetic/ethiopean wild arabs and kick them out and took their country, their identity, their heratige and their beautiful language back. Ferdosi is a hero in Iran who kick the arabs ass. Thanks god. now those dirty arabs claim iranian(pure persian) scientist for themselves because at that dark period iranian had to speak and write in ugly arabic.Imagine somebody from other part of the world go to America and speak english study a major in american universities and write a thesis in english and go back home, then american claim that this person is ameican. of course they don't because american are civilized people they know what is the definition of being american. they don't steal others properties just because that person came and wrote something in their languge. Does anybody here know why arabs doing this. don't they know that world are laughing at them?! don't they have any shame? Oh god what am I talking about? of course not. they are theives of arabian desert. There are too many people in Iran(persia) whom their last name are Khawrazmi which in farsi means person who born in and came from city of Khawrazm. if you look at Persians last names you see 80% of their last name ended by suffix "ei" which means referring to a place or subject. You never ever can find an arab having last name khawrazmi. if you found call me we can record it in the book of "jeniuses". Don't write Muslem scientists!!!! we Persian(Iranian) don't believe Islam. We never go to masques. we never pray except very few religious people. all of us drink wine. We shoot if sombody call us arabs. we look at you arabs down and very low. sorry but this is the reality of our society. maybe you should change yourselves to get a little more respect.
Jenny

Chicago, IL

#20 Jun 25, 2013
Love wrote:
<quoted text>
Without mmm He did and was further developed by others, most notably Umar Khayyam (Muslim also)!
Peace
Hi Jack Ass. Neither Khawrazmi, nor Khayyam, Aveciena, Farabi, Jabir Hayyan and the rest none of them was arab. They were all Persian(Iranian) From Iran(Persia).By the way apparantly you don't know khayam and the rests at all. Even a two years old baby know that Khayam hated islam and he always denyed that he is moslem. He is unbeliever pagan and you can see how he described himself in his book. He is a atheist never beieve any god. He loved women and Wine. He was a true hero, genius Persian (Aryan) who has nothing to do with you sametic arabs.
Gazan

Gaza, Palestinian Territory

#21 Jun 25, 2013
Three of the five oldest continuosly operational universities in the world are in Arab countries:

-> University of al-Karaouine, Morocco.
Founded in 859.
.
-> al-Azhar University, Egypt.
Founded in 970.
.
-> al-Nizamiyya University, Iraq.
Founded in 1065.
.
.
.
The younger ones ...
.
-> University of Bologna, Italy.
Founded in 1088.
.
The youngest one:
.
-> University of Oxford, UK.
Founded in 1096.
Read more at http://www.topix.com/forum/religion/islam/T0E...

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