— SALAAT, SEC0ND PILLAR 0F ISLAM —
Salah is the 2nd pillar of Islam. It refers to the 5 compulsory daily prayers. Salah is offered 5 times a day individually or in congregation. We offer Salah to remember Allah. It brings us closer to Him. The Quran says: "Establish Salah to remember me (Allah)" (20:14)
Salah is the practical proof of our faith in Allah & Islam. It has been made compulsory at certain fixed times. Allah says in the Qur’an: "Salah at fixed times has been enjoined on the believers" (4:103)
Islam prayer timings are spread evenly throughout the day, so that a Muslim is constantly reminded of God & given sufficient opportunities to seek forgiveness & guidance from Him.
There are 5 obligatory prayers, which are rewardable & other optional prayers to perform. A praying Muslim must have reached the state of mental discrimination.
Before a Muslim prays they must have the proper Taharah, purification. This means that they perform Wudu, Ablution or Ghusl, full shower to remove najas, filthy substances. Ablutions, wudu, has recommended & obligatory parts which include washing of the h&s, wrists, nose, mouth, ears, forearms & elbows.
Allah revealed: Perform the [5 obligatory] prayers”(al-Baqarah, 238)
The Messenger of Allah said:
“There are 5 prayers that Allah obligated the Muslims to perform. Whoever performs them properly without belittling their obligation, Allah promised to admit him into Paradise. Whoever leaves them out does not have a promise from Allah to have Paradise without torture before. If He willed, He tortures him, & if He willed, He forgives him”.(Ahmad)
The 5 0bligatory Prayers. Muslims observe the formal Islam prayer at the following times:
1 — The prayer Fajr begins the day & is performed before sunrise to start the day in remembrance of God.
2 — The next prayers, Dhuhr, are said after the day’s work has begun & take place after noon to remember God & seek His guidance.
3 — Asr are the prayers said in the late afternoon & although Muslims may be busy with their daily lives it is important to give time to remember God & the greater meaning of their lives.
4 — Just after sunset Maghrib are the prayers which are said to remember God as the days comes to a close.
5 — Before going to bed Muslims take time to remember God’s presence, guidance, mercy & forgiveness by performing Isha.
In addition to the 5 required daily prayers, Muslims can perform non-obligatory prayers, some of which have fixed ritual formats & are performed before or after each of the 5 daily prayers. 0thers are performed at night, either individually or with other Muslims.
In Muslim communities people are reminded of the prayer times through the calling of the Adhan. For Muslims who live Muslim minority communities Adhan programmes of Muslim prayer schedules are available & these give Islam prayer schedule times across the world to encompass all time zones.
The Friday noon prayer is led by an imam, who is simply a prayer leader; this prayer differs from the usual noon prayers of the other days of the week. As a required part of the ritual at this congregational meeting, two sermons precede the prayer. 0n other days, Muslims can pray anywhere they wish, either individually or in groups. They must observe the rituals of praying at certain times of day, facing in the direction of Mecca, observing the proper order of prayers.
When performing Salat at the mosque, worshippers are aligned in parallel rows behind the prayer leader (Imam), who directs them through the Rak'as (prescribed postures & recitations).
Times when you must not pray:
From the beginning of sunrise until after 15-20 mins later.
When the sun is at it’s height (Zenith or Meridian)
From the beginning of sunset until it is fully set.
— SUBHANALLAH —
— ALLAHUAKBAR —
— ALHAMDULILLAH —