The Galilieo affair is the most often demegouged by anti-religious bigots, and one that often reveals the profound ignorance of the dispute itself and how Galileo (a devout Catholic through-out his life and through-out the affair) could not prove the validity the reigning Copernicun theisis sceintifically..<quoted text>
The Church locked up Galileo and threatened to further prosecute him for crimes of heresy if he continued teaching his Heliocentric "nonsense". This is how the Church "supported" scientific advancement.
Example of the context of the dispute.
"I say that if there were a true demonstration that the sun was in the center of the universe and the earth in the third sphere, and that the sun did not go around the earth but the earth went around the sun, then it would be necessary to use careful consideration in explaining the Scriptures that seemed contrary, and we should rather have to say that we do not understand them than to say that something is false which had been proven."1
1. Letter of Cardinal Bellarmine discussing the Galillo affair.
"There can be no doubt that Galileo's theory of the tides was based on unconscious deception; but ... there can also be little doubt that the sunspot argument was a deliberate attempt to confuse and mislead ... We have seen that scholars have always been prone to manias and obsessions, and inclined to cheat about details; but impostures like Galileo's are rare in the annals of science."2.
2-Arthur Koestler, The Sleepwalkers (New York: Macmillan, 1959), p. 47
Those who want to paint the Church as "anti-science" have little to stand on and know little of the complexity in the Galileo affair. It is also telling that it is the only example than can point to in their claim that the Church supressed science rather than the truth that the Church was a leader in the development and practice of science.