Ans.01. You seem to be agreeing with me that the more we discover via science, the more amazing the universe is.
02. Please allow me to ask a specific question about one of the 5 pillars of Islam - Salat.
Does Allah command that you run to the mosque to kneel in worship?
Or is that the state using religion to do that?
Would it be considered acceptable to fulfill Salat by thinking of Allah 5 times throughout the course of your day without going to mosque? Would that be acceptable to the state?
01. The wonders of Universe shall continue to unfold as our knowledge of the universe increases.
In Quran there are many verses in which Allah calls us to discover Universe and see how things are working there. Quran draws our attention to the Water Cycle, changing of day and night and they getting short / long, ships sailing in open sea, birds flying and "gliding" in air, germinating of seeds and date palms .there is hardly any other scripture which has so many "scientific verses".
But that does not mean that there will be any "fundamental change" in the concept of Allah and His powers that Quran preached since the first day.
Our increase in knowledge base, only gives us more glimpses of His power, but we can never to the "level of faith which earliest Muslims had.
02. Salat and its regularization in Saudi Arabia:
There are something which are of fundamental importance and some which come when you try to implement some thing on ground. I would try to provide some details to clarify the matter to you:
A. Importance of Salat:
a. Many verses of Quran and sayings of prophets tell the importance of these Daily Prayers. In fact offering prayers is the test to distinguish between a Muslim and a Non Muslim.
b. Quran says that " Prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times". And there are many Quranic verses and sayings of the prophet, which fix the times of each of these prayers. There is beginning time for each prayer and there is an ending time.
c. The prayers do not benefit Allah in any way, but they invoke in believers regular remembrance and we thank Allah for all His gifts and favours of us.
d. So one thing is certain that every Muslim, must offer their Salat five times every day.
B. Praying in the Mosques:
a. Islam believes in a strong social bond between its members and people to know about each other. Due to that (and many more reasons, which Allah and His Messenger know best), it has been made almost compulsory for men to offer their obligatory prayers in the mosques.
b. Offer of congregational prayers is the most important job of Islamic mosques. Where Muslims gather five times and stand in queue to offer their thanks to Allah.
c. When they stand in straight rows all distinction of race, language, position, color vanish and all stand in one line to show that they are slaves and servants of same Allah. This one act has made Islam the most non racist of all religions of the world.
d. Only women, sick persons and those who are unable to go to mosques are exempted from these prayers.
e. There is no difference in the importance and status of any of these five regular prayers.
f. No Muslim has power to change the number of prayers or prayer units, because Quran says specifically It is not fitting for a believer man or woman to have any option, once Allah and His messenger have decided on a matter " (33:36)