facts about heart attacks

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Since: Apr 13

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#2 Oct 17, 2013
Heart attack warning signs aren’t what you think. Symptoms vary and they may not always be sudden or severe.
With a heart attack, every minute counts. When a heart attack occurs, the lack of blood flow to the heart muscle means the heart muscle begins to die within minutes of being starved of oxygen. The earlier the blocked artery can be opened and the blood flow restored to the heart, the greater the proportion of heart muscle that can be saved and the greater the chance of survival.
For heart attack survivors there is a small window of opportunity to minimise heart damage. Ideally, the best result is achieved when people receive emergency treatment within 90 minutes of their first symptom. After two hours, the damage to the heart muscle may be irreversible and can cause permanent disability.

Since: Apr 13

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#3 Oct 28, 2013
A heart attack happens when an artery that carries blood to the heart becomes blocked. This stops oxygen and nutrients from reaching part of the heart muscle. If blood flow is not restored quickly, some of the cells that make up the heart muscle become damaged and start to die. The longer it takes for treatment to be started, the more damage to the heart.

Since: Apr 13

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#4 Nov 4, 2013
Heart failure is a progressive condition in which the heart's muscle becomes weakened after it is injured from something like a heart attack or high blood pressure and gradually loses its ability to pump enough blood to supply the body's needs. Many people don't even know they have it because its symptoms are often mistaken for signs of getting older. Heart failure does not develop overnight - it's a progressive disease that starts slowly and gets worse over time.

Since: Apr 13

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#5 Nov 6, 2013
You can add up to 5 years to your life expectancy by quitting smoking - the earlier the age at which you quit the better.

Since: Apr 13

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#7 Jan 21, 2014
The Heart Foundation’s Warning Signs campaign has increased people’s knowledge about the warning signs of heart attack and what to do if they have one. The number of heart attack deaths has also dropped 32% since 2000-2010. But we still have a long way to go.
In 2012, the Heart Foundation’s HeartWatch survey found that if people had the warning signs of dizziness or discomfort in the chest, only one in four would call an ambulance, and about half would wait and see what happens.
This has meant that in Australia, more than 50% of deaths occur out of hospital and about 25% of people who have a heart attack die within one hour of their first ever symptom.
Too many people lose their lives because they take too long to call Triple Zero (000). Getting to hospital quickly can reduce the damage to your heart muscle and increase your chance of survival. In hospital, staff will give you treatments that help to reduce this damage.

Since: Apr 13

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#8 Jan 23, 2014
About 30 percent of Americans have pre-hypertension - their blood pressure is higher than normal, but not high enough to require drug treatment. This condition can progress to high blood pressure, but new research now suggests that mindfulness-based stress reduction can help lower pre-hypertensive blood pressure levels, and prevent or delay the need for drugs. Researchers at Ohio’s Kent State University recruited 56 adults with pre-hypertension and assigned them to two groups. The first group underwent a program in mindfulness-based stress reduction training. Those in the other “control” group were given lifestyle advice plus a muscle-relaxation activity. The researchers reported that after eight training sessions in mindfulness-based stress reduction, participants’ blood pressure dropped significantly. The top number (systolic blood pressure) declined an average of nearly five millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) while diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number) dropped 2 mm Hg. Both measurements also declined in the control group but by only 1 mm Hg in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The researchers noted that while the positive reductions seen in the mindfulness group were “modest” they were “potentially large enough to lead to reductions in the risk of heart attack or stroke”. Additional studies will be needed to see if the effects are long-lasting.

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#9 Jan 24, 2014
There are risk factors that increase your chance of having a heart attack, they include:

Risk factors you can change:

smoking – both active smoking and being exposed to second-hand smoke
high blood cholesterol
high blood pressure
diabetes
being physically inactive
being overweight
depression, social isolation and lack of quality support.

Risk factors you can’t change:

increasing age
having family history of coronary heart disease

Since: Apr 13

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#10 Jan 27, 2014
How Does High Cholesterol Cause Heart Disease?

When there is too much cholesterol in your blood, it builds up in the walls of your arteries, causing a process called atherosclerosis, a form of heart disease. The arteries become narrowed and blood flow to the heart muscle is slowed down or blocked. The blood carries oxygen to the heart, and if enough blood and oxygen cannot reach your heart, you may suffer chest pain. If the blood supply to a portion of the heart is completely cut off by a blockage, the result is a heart attack.

There are two forms of cholesterol that most Americans are familiar with: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad" cholesterol) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL or "good" cholesterol.) These are the form in which cholesterol travels in the blood.

LDL is the main source of artery-clogging plaque. HDL actually works to clear cholesterol from the blood.

Triglycerides are another fat in our bloodstream. Research is now showing that a high levels of triglycerides may also be linked to heart disease.

Since: Apr 13

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#11 Jan 30, 2014
Discomfort or pain in your jaw. You may feel an ache or tightness in and around the lower jaw on either one or both sides. This discomfort can spread from your chest to your jaw.

Since: Apr 13

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#12 Jan 31, 2014
When it comes to matters of the heart, men and women definitely aren’t created equal. For instance, a man’s heart weighs about 10 ounces, while a woman’s heart weighs approximately 8 ounces.

Not only is a woman’s heart smaller than a man’s, but the signs that it’s in trouble are a lot less obvious. When women have a heart attack -- and more than a half million do each year -- they’re more likely to have nausea, indigestion, and shoulder aches rather than the hallmark chest pain.

Heart disease is the biggest killer of both men and women. And both genders should heed this healthy advice: Don’t smoke, keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels in check, and watch for the obvious and the more subtle warning signs your heart could be in trouble.

Since: Apr 13

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#13 Feb 3, 2014
Health experts now have proof that laughter is good medicine.

A good belly laugh can send 20% more blood flowing through your entire body. One study found that when people watched a funny movie, their blood flow increased. That’s why laughter might just be the perfect antidote to stress.

When you laugh, the lining of your blood vessel walls relaxes and expands, Krasuski says. So have a good giggle. Your heart will thank you.

Since: Apr 13

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#14 Feb 4, 2014
How is heart failure diagnosed?
Doctors often order a number of tests when exploring a possible diagnosis of heart failure. The most important of these test is the echocardiogram, or "echo", which tells a person what their ejection fraction (EF) is. The ejection fraction is a measurement of how well the heart is pumping. People with a healthy heart have an EF of about 60 percent, while people with heart failure have an EF of 40 percent or less.

With early diagnosis and newer treatments, people with heart failure are able to continue enjoying their everyday activities and have a more normal life expectancy. Experts now recommend a three to four drug combination to treat heart failure, which include digoxin to help the heart pump better and improve blood circulation and diuretics, sometimes called water pills, to help remove extra fluid in the body and reduce swelling in the legs and ankles. Two newer classes of medications, ACE inhibitors and beta blockers have been shown to slow disease progression and work by blocking certain stress hormones in the body that are believed to be responsible for the progression of heart failure.

Since: Apr 13

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#15 Feb 5, 2014
Researchers suggest that those who stay up late may be more prone to heart disease even if they get eight hours' sleep. Also, in one study, women who slept five hours or less a night were 39% more likely to develop heart disease than women who got eight hours. All of this is possibly due to habits or events associated with late nights or short sleep hours rather than the time factors themselves.

Since: Apr 13

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#16 Feb 6, 2014
1. How the human heart functions

Every day, your heart beats about 100,000 times, sending 2,000 gallons of blood surging through your body. Although it’s no bigger than your fist, your heart has the mighty job of keeping blood flowing through the 60,000 miles of blood vessels that feed your organs and tissues. Any damage to the heart or its valves can reduce that pumping power, forcing the heart to work harder just to keep up with the body’s demand for blood.

So how do you make sure your heart is in tip-top shape? "Keeping your body in good health helps keep the heart a more efficient organ," Krasuski advises. In other words, eat healthy, well-balanced meals and don’t skimp on the exercise.

Since: Apr 13

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#17 Feb 7, 2014
SUGAR IS A MAJOR CONTRIBUTOR TO HEART DISEASE
People tend to think of fatty and fried foods as bad for the heart, and both are. But sugar may be as bad or worse. A body of evidence has linked sugar and sugar-sweetened drinks (such as sodas, fruit juices, and bottled teas) to increased risk of heart disease and/or heart attack. A new study linked high sugar consumption — defined as about a quarter or more of total daily calories — with double the chance of dying from heart disease. For people who took in about a fifth of their daily calories from sugar, the risk was 38 percent higher.

“The majority of us are consuming more added sugar than the recommendations,” Quanhe Yang, lead study author and an epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, told Bloomberg News. While there is no specific national guideline for sugar consumption, the Institute of Medicine recommends less than 25 percent of total calories, while the World Health Organization says less than 10 percent. The American Heart Association recommends no more than 100 calories a day from sugar for women.

Since: Apr 13

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#18 Feb 10, 2014
“Go to your cardiologist once a year starting at the age of 40. Get an ECG when you go and then have a copy with you to be prepared,”

“Unions are still scum ”

Since: Dec 07

Atlanta

#19 Feb 11, 2014
If you have just gotten a heart catheterization with a stent, make sure to take your blood thinning medication exactly as prescribed. Not doing so can result in a clot in the stent which can be fatal.

Since: Apr 13

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#20 Feb 11, 2014
What Are the Symptoms of Heart Failure?

The symptoms of heart failure are related to the changes that occur to your heart and body, and may be moderate to severe, depending on how weak your heart is. The symptoms can include:

Congested lungs. Fluid back up in the lungs can cause shortness of breath with exercise or difficulty breathing at rest which is often worse when lying flat in bed. Lung congestion can also cause a dry, hacking cough or wheezing.
Fluid and water retention. Less blood to your kidneys causes fluid and water retention, resulting in swollen ankles, legs, and abdomen (called edema) and weight gain. Symptoms may cause an increased need to urinate during the night. Bloating in your stomach may cause a loss of appetite or nausea.
Dizziness, fatigue, and weakness. Less blood to your major organs and muscles makes you feel tired and weak. Less blood to the brain can cause dizziness or confusion.
Rapid or irregular heartbeats. The heart beats faster to pump enough blood to the body. This can cause a fast or irregular heartbeat.
If you have heart failure, you may have one or all of these symptoms or you may have none of them. In addition, your symptoms may not be related to how weak your heart is; you may have many symptoms but your heart function may be only mildly weakened. Or you may have a more severely damaged heart but have no symptoms.

“Unions are still scum ”

Since: Dec 07

Atlanta

#21 Feb 11, 2014
http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/heart-fail...
nurseamyg wrote:
What Are the Symptoms of Heart Failure?
The symptoms of heart failure are related to the changes that occur to your heart and body, and may be moderate to severe, depending on how weak your heart is. The symptoms can include:
Congested lungs. Fluid back up in the lungs can cause shortness of breath with exercise or difficulty breathing at rest which is often worse when lying flat in bed. Lung congestion can also cause a dry, hacking cough or wheezing.
.
nurseamyg, the article you posted seems to have been copied from webmd which is ok, but you should remember to provide a link giving credit to the site lest someone make an accusation of plagiarism.
If you put the link at the very top as I did, it should work for you.

Since: Apr 13

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#22 Feb 12, 2014
What factors increase my chances for cardiovascular disease?

The three biggest risk factors for cardiovascular disease that you can do something about are cigarette smoking, high blood pressure and elevated blood cholesterol levels. Other risk factors, such as being overweight or having diabetes, also are conditions over which you have some control. Even just one risk factor will raise your chances of having heart-related problems. The more risk factors you have, the more likely you are to develop cardiovascular diseases. Studies show that physical inactivity is a risk factor for heart disease. Physically active women have approximately 60 percent to 75 percent lower risk of heart disease than women who are not active. Physical activity includes daily walking, climbing stairs, gardening, etc. Unfortunately, more than half of all women in the United States are physically inactive. Excess body weight in women is linked with coronary heart disease, stroke, congestive heart failure and death from heart-related causes. The more overweight you are, the higher your risk for heart disease.

Diabetes, or high blood sugar, is a serious disorder that raises the risk of coronary heart disease. The risk of death from heart disease is about three times higher in women with diabetes. Diabetic women also are more apt to have high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol. The risk of heart attack or stroke is higher for women who both smoke and use high-dose birth control pills (oral contraceptives).

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