Nice post. Gravity IS a fact of the action of it's description because it is a real thing that takes place 24/7 and evidence of gravity can be had by factual evidence any time anyone wishes to examine that factual evidence to affirm its existence as fact.<quoted text>
Time you understood the difference between theory and fact in a scientific sense. Your gravity example is perfect.
Its a fact thay gravity holds us to earth.
But explaining gravity is done by theory. Newton was close, Einstein is closer. They use completely different conceptions of HOW gravity works. Tomorrow someone may come up with an even better explanation for the same facts using a completely different theory.
In terms of explanation of facts, we can never be 100% sure we have the one and only correct explanation. The best guidelines we have are the success of the theory in predicting new facts, and Occam's razor.
Some theories become so central and explain so many facts so well and make such good predictionss that we think of them as facts too, but they are not really. Gravity is NOT a fact. An object accelerating such as the falling apple is a fact. Gravity is the theoretical explantion of the fact, and not the only one that men have believed in the past either.
fact noun \ˈfakt\
: something that truly exists or happens : something that has actual existence
: a true piece of information
The other poster stated science was based on prediction. They stated nothing else. They stated science was based on prediction. You would understand that if you had read their response.
You would also understand that I was explaining in my replies that science was based on MORE than just predictions than of what that poster claimed. But you would know that if you had read my replies.
Science begins with an idea, not a prediction as the other poster claimed. That idea becomes a theory. Unless that theory is proved to be fact, it remains a theory. Very simple concept you seem to wish to