Evolution has been speculated on since the times if the ancient Chinese and Greeks (perhaps, but not provably even before then). In the philosophical idea of descent with modification. Aristotle theorised that all living things desire to move from the lower to the higher.I'd like to find out who created the concept of evolution (it wasn't Charles Darwin, but someone who later on bastard eyes to his original ideas of natural selection) and once having decided who created evolution, accepting that evolution itself was created then we could study be evolution of creationism! Away from its most basic truths, to the much debated subject it is today. First came the creation of evolution, then came evolution of creation!
The Romans had more or less the same ideas, much of Roman scientific thinking being based on earlier Greek ideas. Roman road building and building works brought up fossils that were discussed in the light of “Greek” wisdom.
Not until the medieval dominance of cristianity did evolution become “out of fashion” in favour for the (more profitable for priests) line “all living things came into existence in unchanging forms due to divine will”
This was of course not universally accepted, there is a story of a 13th century hostelry that attracted customers with a fossilised femur dredged from the Thames, the fossil bone was bigger than a man, it’s very existence cast doubt on the priestly longing for wealth.
Between this period and the rise of the modern theory of evolution there were many (for want of a better word) biologists, who looked at old, fossilised bones and compared them to the skeletons of currently living creatures.
In the late 1700’s the German philosopher Immanuel Kant developed a theory of descent that is fairly close to modern understanding.
Kant’s work along work that of Carolus Linnaeus, Erasmus Darwin (Charles Darwins granbdfather), Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Thomas Malthus and others inspired Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. However Wallace was a spiritualist and his involvement in that movement served to downplay his role in the discovery of natural selection
From those early beginnings observation in several unrelated scientific fields have confirmed the theory of evolution to the extent that it is now known to be fact.
So there ya go, It started about the same time, perhaps even before genesis was scratched on to papyrus by a bunch of bronze age goat herders.
So who ya going to blame for blowing the “goddidit by magic” boat out of the water?