no, no it didn't. again, if you had some proof of that, but you cannot as it isn't true.<quoted text> Advancement or development all has stages or phases.
Africa's human and material resources paved the way for that development.
it was the natural resources of this continent that did that. the great swaths of forests we cut down to build. the worlds largest ore mine (at the time)by my house, the aggregate and bitumen from this land that we used to pave over the land...
i'm sticking with the pathological liar moniker for you. it fits all too well.