They cannot be universal for there humans do not fill the universe. And quite likely we are the only humans in the universe.Absolute law is a code for human conduct that is derived from the morals that are believed to be universal to all human beings.
Yes, VERY old. Problem is that science does not DEAL with absolutes. This is because science needs to have the potential for falsification. Without potential falsification, concepts are not scientific. If something is "absolute" then there is no potential for falsification. Ergo it is not scientific.It is also sometimes known as natural law, referencing the idea that it reflects the laws of nature rather than the laws developed by humans. Many nations incorporate absolute law into their legal systems in addition to positive law, which are the laws created by society in order to make it function more smoothly.
The concept of absolute law is very old.
Your other problem is that you're confusing cultural laws with scientific laws. All that they DO share in common is that both are abstract concepts, not real tangible things.
No problem, just redefine the term "murder". That's why it is still okay to kill and not have it called murder if society deems it so. Humans kill all the time. Legally even.Many societies have had philosophers who argued that humans are bound by universal moral codes of conduct. These moral codes are believed to be innate and unchanging because the principles of morality do not alter even as society itself undergoes shifts. Murder is a classic example of an action that is believed to go against human nature and it is notable that many societies historically and in the modern era have criminalized and heavily penalized murder.
Sorry, but absolutes are the antithesis of the scientific method. Although it is understandable that you have not grasped this since you are clueless about science.(shrug)Proponents of the concept of absolute law argue that, unlike positive law, it is not developed by legal authorities in response to social needs. Absolute law is instead natural to a society and it is possible to arrive at it by following a logical series of steps. People can understand absolute law without having a grasp of positive law because they should have an innate moral sense that governs basic behaviors.
Remember I told you science has an answer for a universal moral law that is scientific. When I say I discovered a scientific moral law it means it stand to reason or is the same as a scientific law.
ANYBODY who claims science do not deals in absolutes does not know the true (ABSOLUTE) meaning of science. The truth is what gave birth to the scientific method.