Or by air ?<quoted text>
How did the Army arrive at Ethiopia ?
By land or by sea ?
The Quran and Hadeeth script tell of many flying carpet trips to see the Syrian Hori's and other islamic pursuits. And of course Mo's night journeys on a winged camel & his final flyover ascension as a Jew over the Jewish rock of Abraham - showed Islam had invented and routinely used air travel.
The Ethiopians of course will claim they were never invaded or conquered by Islam.
Their post at the church of the holy sepelchure in jerusalem has the claim they kept the Christian flame alive in Africa, where it now re-conquers Islam.
Nubia maybe as part of egypt then.
But Islam never took Ethiopia.
Islam never conquered anything in reality.
Islam shifter to syria. The syria governor was the ruler of the ex roman colonies in the region from turkey to libya. With the collapse of the south and
east roman empires, Islam was imposed in lieu
as a primitive tax & tribute mechanism.
No Egyptian or Nubian or Libyan ever fought a
battle against Islamic warriors... It became a backup local taxation alternative, like say emergency lighting during a power cut.
Islam enslaved these people top down thru the remnant control structures of the imploded roman empire. Similar with the Gauls, Nornans, franks, Huns to the north. The pagan tribes filled the vacuum of civilization until it could return.
Islam then collapsed itself with 3 major civil wars.
But the Mongols who invaded and had an empire thar stretched from china to Malaysia, across to austria and down to Syria, the mongols also needed a taxation & tribute system. Khan II forced every subject, two thirds of all humans, and all of india as a slave colony to be Islamic.
Not because they believed in it. But because the Mongols liked the violence, tryanny & money (jizya) that Islam collected.
So as you see: the Islamic virus filled a roman empire collapse (via the ex roman Syrian governor who controlled that entire region), then via the Mongols for the rest.
All top down.
Imposed relgion, tax, tribute & slavery.
No Indian, Egyptian, Libyan, Tunisian, Albanian, Malaysian, Indonesian, or any other 'slave' of Islam ever had any choice in it.
Unbelievers paid jizya or unbeliever tax.
People converted to avoid the tax. If they converted they got the job to collect the tax.
All Indian muslims were in fact quisling scum of the mughals that oppressed the Hindu and collected tax off them.
That is how Islam works and spreads.
No battles were fought to spread Islam.
It was imposed long after the battles were
fought and the empires won. No Arab with desert sand in his sandals & a Quran in his hand strode along a beach in Malaysia or Libya 'converting' the pagans to Allah.
The governer Syria or later the Khanate decided what they would believe in as part of already established empires.
MUQ has no idea about facts or recorded history.