I'm gonna include all the answers and exclude quotes here since I want to enjoy my weekends.^_^
We are discussing about the conflicting facts in the report or non-Malays dissatisfaction towards Malay privileges and the Constitution? Suddenly you come up with these Ketuanan Melayu and 7% Discount. Make up your mind. Can we go on this one by one.
(I'm not regarded as Malay, and to me the term Ketuanan Melayu is not Islamic at all -discrimination to other Muslims in the country. So, we can discuss that later)
Article 160 (“Interpretation”) of the Federal Constitution defines the term “Malay” in the following manner:
“Malay” means a person who professes the religion of Islam, habitually speaks the Malay language, conforms to Malay custom and is of Malaysian/Singaporean origin*.
Being a Muslim is an integral part of being a Malay. But, being a Malay is not a condition to be a Muslim. Which confirms my argument in previous post:
1. Not all Muslims can be identified as Malay
2. One need to fulfill all the requirement under the Constitution to be regarded as Malay.
Though Malay is Bumiputra, not all Bumiputras are Malays. Other Bumiputras include native indigenous people such as Iban, Dayak, Kadazan, Melanau, Bajau, etc.
This is clearly not in line with Article 11(1)– freedom of religion. But under Islamic Law, a Muslim is FORBIDDEN to convert to another religion. A Malay muslim apostate is ceased to be considered as Malay (and stripped of all privileges) according to the constitution.
The position of Islam as “the religion of the Federation” as stated in Article 3(1) means that Islam is a national or constitutional ideology.
For non-Muslims, their position is protected by Article 3(1) which allows other religions to be practiced in “peace and harmony” in the country. They are also protected by Article 11(1)- the right to religious freedom. In Article 12(2), the state is not prevented from assisting other religions.
The federal and state budgets fund Muslim places of worship because Islam is considered the religion of the federation. Funding for non-Muslim places of worship comes from a special allocation within the prime minister's department or state governments. State governments, however, have exclusive authority over allocation of land and the construction of all places of worship and land allocation for all cemeteries.
Though NEP (special privileges for bumiputras) formulated in 1970 in the aftermath of 1969 Riot, was meant to reduce the economic gap between well-off non-Bumis (who enjoyed privileges during colonial eras) and Bumis, this has been subjected to abuse. It benefited mostly the Malay elite upper-class group, thus creating big income gap within Bumis themselves. There are however successful program such as Felda but more priorities should be given to the natives in Sabah and Sarawak.
There are many notable, successful non-Malays who made it big outside Malaysia. However, there are also many successful professional Malays overseas (doctors, scientists, engineers, etc) who may not involve in the glitzy and glamorous world, but have achieved something that Malaysia take pride in for e.g. Wan Nazri Wan Aria, 31, an engineer with a German company, SL Rasch, is responsible for coming up with the design of the giant clock tower, Mecca Royal Hotel Clock Tower or the Abraj Al-Bait which faces the Masjidil Haram or Grand Mosque. It is 3 times bigger than Big Ben and costed more than USD 3 billion.
So, see you next week. Have a nice and enjoyable weekend.