First Americans were European

Posted in the Immigration Reform Forum

Bowman

Lompoc, CA

#1 May 4, 2008
Bowman

Lompoc, CA

#2 May 4, 2008
For years it was believed that Clovis people came through Alaska using a land bridge from Siberia, then traveled south just as ice sheets across Canada were breaking up. So archeologists have long looked for signs of Clovis people in Alaska.

In 1989, road builders in Alaska's Tanana River valley accidentally uncovered a site called Broken Mammoth. With artifacts dating back 14,000 years, it was the oldest site in Alaska-but it held no Clovis points. Later, another nearby site yielded artifacts a few hundred years older, but still no Clovis points. It did, however, contain microblades and scrapers typical of Siberian and Russian sites going back more than 20,000 years.

For Alaska state archeologist Chuck Holmes these findings suggest that early Alaskans weren't the predecessors to Clovis. And he's not alone.

Dennis Stanford of the Smithsonian Institution spent years in Alaska and found no connection between Siberian artifacts and Clovis technology. His new theory is that Clovis people came not from Siberia, but from Europe. The Solutrean people of France and Spain were their predecessors, he says.

Photo of Clovis spear shaft wrench.

This Clovis spear shaft wrench was made first by the Solutrean people --found in France and Spain.


Shared technology-including bifacial points and a spear shaft wrench made of mammoth bone-and cultural traits suggest the two are related. But, as Stanford explains to Alan, there are two problems with this theory. First, the Solutrean culture is 5,000 years older than Clovis. Second, how did the Solutreans cross the Atlantic Ocean to get to North America?

A site in Virginia called Cactus Hill may hold some of the answers. Artifacts found there have been dated at 18,000 years-too early for Clovis, but just right for Solutrean. Stanford believes a fossil walrus jaw found in the nearby Chesapeake could suggest how the Solutreans made their way to North America. Ice-loving walrus could only have reached the Chesapeake during the height of the last Ice Age, around 15,000-20,000 years ago. Stanford says that's when the Solutreans got here, and they did it by bringing their boats along the ice edge which stretched across the ocean at the time.
Bowman

Lompoc, CA

#3 May 4, 2008
From DNA analysis it seems these first Americans from Europe interbred with later migrants coming from Asia, producing todays Native Americans:

" mtDNA analysis has revealed some unexpected links between Europe and North America. When scientists analyzed the mtDNA of a broad sample of living Native Americans, they found that about 97 percent had mtDNA from haplogroups A, B, C or D. These haplogroups are all present in modern day Siberia and Asia, so it makes sense that the forefathers of those Native Americans came from those regions. But the surprise was that about 3 percent of the Native Americans tested had mtDNA from a different haplogroup, called X. Some populations, such as the Ojibwa from the Great Lakes region, have a high concentration of X - 25 percent.

How did haplogroup X get to North America? Some X has been found in Mongolia, but it's definitely not common in modern Asia. It can, however, be found in about 4 percent of the present day European population. Genetic anthropologists suggest that the presence of X in North America points to an early migration westward from Europe. By looking at the various mutations within haplogroup X, scientists are able to use that "genetic clock" to estimate when those early Europeans would have arrived. Depending on how large a group they assume headed west, they come up with two time ranges - either between 36,000 and 23,000 years ago or between 17,000 and 12,000 years ago."

From:
http://www.pbs.org/saf/1406/features/dna2.htm
Bowman

Lompoc, CA

#4 May 4, 2008
So Mexica Movement and Yaotl you better kill yourselves you are part European, the people you hate so much.
Tickedoffchick

Southington, CT

#5 May 4, 2008
Bowman wrote:
So Mexica Movement and Yaotl you better kill yourselves you are part European, the people you hate so much.
Those two probably have ancestors who came from from the later Asian tribes. The articles I've read stated that only North American Indians were found to have the X DNA.
Tickedoffchick

Southington, CT

#6 May 4, 2008
Bowman wrote:
So Mexica Movement and Yaotl you better kill yourselves you are part European, the people you hate so much.
However, it would prove that indigenous Mexicans and Central Americans were different groups who hold NO claim on the U.S. You know how they always like to say the entire continent is theirs.
Bowman

Lompoc, CA

#7 May 4, 2008
Tickedoffchick wrote:
<quoted text>
Those two probably have ancestors who came from from the later Asian tribes. The articles I've read stated that only North American Indians were found to have the X DNA.
Thanks for the update I didn't know that.
Mexica Nation

San Bernardino, CA

#8 May 4, 2008
What a big surprise!!We are all related and come from one God.

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