continuting from Existential Series: ...

continuting from Existential Series: evolution

Posted in the Evolution Debate Forum

Level 2

Since: Feb 13

Leominster, MA

#1 Jun 26, 2013
Ran over the word-quota yesterday. The following completes the segment from Existential prior to the next one -- the "menu of options for how life came to be; at least options in opinions and religious imaginations.

Protoplasm. noun. The viscid, contractile, semi liquid, more or less granular substance that forms the principal portion of an animal or vegetable cell; sarcode.
The name was first applied in 1846 to the matter in vegetable cells, which had been observed by Corte in 1772, and by Treviranus in 1807, and which was identified later with the animal substance previously known as sarcode. The protoplasm of most cells appears under high-powers of microscope as a network (spongioplasm or reticulum) containing a more fluid substance (hyaplasm or enchhylema) in its meshes. Chemically it is a mixture of 80 to 85 percent water and 15 to 20 percent solids, chiefly proteids, as albumoses, globulins, and peptones, with small quantities of fat, carbohydrates like glycogen and inosite, and mineral salts, especially those of potassium, which cause it to yield an alkaline reaction. Protoplasm has been called by Huxley, owing to its presence in all organized bodies,“the physical basis of life,” and some have held that its phenomena show that the difference between organized and unorganized matter is simply a difference in complexity of chemical constitution. It is a highly complex substance, and is regarded as a mixture of different chemical substances, but no appreciable difference is to be perceived between protoplasm of lower forms of life and those of higher animals. Protoplasm is contractile and irritable, and reproduces by self-division.
It is a fact of great biological interest that in animals the essential constituent of all living parts is a substance similar to the protoplasm of plants. We cannot distinguish the two by any chemical or physical tests, and can only say that, taken as a whole, the protoplasm of plants differs from that of animals in its secretions. Funk and Wagnel’s New Standard Dictionary, p 1993

A single salmon produces 28,000,000 eggs in a season; an oyster may pass as many as 114,000,000 eggs at a single spawning; and Ascaris lumricoides var. suum, a common parasite of hogs, has been observed to pass as many as 700,000 eggs in a single 24-hour period........the most slowly breeding of organisms is the elephant ...during an active breeding life .. a single female will bear no fewer than six young. If all these survived and continued to reproduce at the same rate, then after only 750 years, the descendents of a single pair would number about 19,000,000 .. Excerpted from Dodson

First, consider that all life derives from a single, identical substance-infrastructure -- protoplasm.
Second, consider the almost exponentially prolificacy of life.
Third, consider that in mainstream evolutionary theory,“first” and “second” are subject to a systematology based on strictly random,“microcosmic” variations. These “genotype” nuances result in “phenotype” variations (actual characteristics of morphology or behavior or such), some very few advantageous, thus “selected” and carried on as evolving traits. Okay, that would account for the
“chicken-from-prechicken” transition (and even unto the return-to-the-sea of the land-mammal such as whale, dolphin, etc.
But, remember, RANDOM!! is the assumption. Would the myriad mutations occurring within that random realm be so bifurcated that only the most advantageous would be viable, thus evolvable? And almost all the rest would doom the intermediary variants of species-dom to extinction?? This would have to be the case or there would, as I said above, be an extant transition of specie manifestations (even bell-curve configured).
But enough on this for the moment

Lowell, MA

#2 Jun 26, 2013

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