A balanced response Rohan, thank you.Mr Chimney,
Some apparently reasonable and deep points:
1. Re faith being consistent with science - Yes, my faith is consistent and therefore the hypothetical question is no more valid than to say suppose your left eye saw a different reality than your right eye which would you rely on?(God gave us two eyes similarly there is the spiritual and the material, I believe the spiritual is greater but both are valid)
2. Now You ask a profound question ... why should an ancient text have validity over scientific methodology and surely the element of doubt is actually a virtue?...
i) Both should be used in conjunction - Faith is absolute truth about why we are here and therefore doubt is bad and weakens it. Science is conjecture about how and generally questions/successive iterations strengthens it. No contradiction should exist.
ii) The prophet (saw) said first get them to believe in God, then pray to God and then when they accept that to give Charity. I have observed when atheist types ridicule religion they generally ridicule items other than these core ones. So you object to Islam because of whatever that is your right BUT please at least accept these core items.
3. "There is no compulsion is religion" - this is in the Quran 2:256 (not just street cred in early days) and I strongly recommend you read the prior verse Ayat Qursi also.
My understanding of the apostasy death penalty is battlefield treason (eg changing sides mid-battle). You would need to consult a sharia expert for a full answer. I note you are in an Islamic country UAE ...btw I was formerly CEO of a Dubai based Company about 6-7 years ago during the height of the construction boom and lived near Ibn Battuta Mall. So maybe we have some common ground. and I hope belief in God and charity can also be common ground too.
Just some personal thoughts on faith ,hope this helps
I do not have time right now to continue the conversation, just passing the point that I have read your post. Needless to say I have some disagreements but will discuss later.
BTW a question. Do you refute evolution in general? Or are you one who accepts evolution but thinks God must have guided it?