Nashville's Parthenon has new exhibition

Nashville's Parthenon has new exhibition

There are 19 comments on the WSMV-TV 4 News story from Nov 11, 2011, titled Nashville's Parthenon has new exhibition. In it, WSMV-TV 4 News reports that:

A new exhibition is on display at Nashville's Parthenon, the world's only full-scale replica of the temple in Athens, Greece.

Join the discussion below, or Read more at WSMV-TV 4 News.

Turkofagos

Heraklion, Greece

#1 Nov 12, 2011
The ancient Macedonians believed in the same 12 Gods of Olympus as the rest of the Hellenes. In addition, the Macedonians fought together with the rest of the Hellenes against barbarians.
Turkofagos

Heraklion, Greece

#2 Nov 13, 2011
We Greeks are lovers of the beautiful, yet simple in our tastes, and we cultivate the mind without loss of manliness.
Thucydides
Turkofagos

Heraklion, Greece

#3 Nov 16, 2011
Greece is the mother of science and the source of knowledge.

Moses of Chorene, Armenian historian.
Turkofagos

Heraklion, Greece

#4 Nov 17, 2011
Hence we will not say that Greeks fight like heroes, but that heroes fight like Greeks.

Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Hercules

Athens, Greece

#5 Nov 17, 2011
How can any educated person stay away from the Greeks?!!

I have always been far more interested in them than in science...!!

Albert Einstein, Jewish-American scientist..!!!
Turkofagos

Heraklion, Greece

#6 Nov 17, 2011
The world is the expanding Greece and Greece is the shrinking world.

Victor Hugo, French Romantic writer
Hercules

Athens, Greece

#7 Nov 19, 2011
Without Greek studies there is no education.

Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer........
Hercules

Athens, Greece

#8 Nov 21, 2011
The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 6,000 years ago.

The Greeks originated and lived since ancient times in Greece and the countries that we now call Bulgaria, Albania and Turkey.

The Greecek empire spread over Europe as far as France in the East. The Greek Empire was most powerful between 2000 BC and 146 BC.

The Greeks developed new ideas for government, science, philosophy, religion, and art.

Greece was split into many different states, each one was ruled in its own way. Each state had its own laws, government and money but they shared the same language and religion.

The three most important city states were Athens, Sparta and Macedonia.

Legacy of the Greeks -(How Greece influenced modern day culture.)

The influence of the Greeks are still felt by us today.

The major impact in our lives today are in the arts, in philosophy, and in science, math, literature and politics.

Trial by Jury,

Greek Myths,

Democracy,

The word 'democracy' is Greek.

It means 'government by the people. We have a form of democracy in Britain, and this is a legacy of the Athenians and their assemblies and councils..

Tragedy and Comedy,

Theatre,

The word 'theatre' is Greek. Most modern theatres follow the Greek plan,

The Olympics,

The first Olympic Games were held in 776 BC at the Greek city of Olympia.

Marathon,

Pheidippides ran from Athens to Sparta to ask for help against the Persians just before the Battle of the Marathon (490 BC)..

Building styles (Architecture),

Throughout the world, buildings have been constructed in the style of Greece,

The British Museum is an example of this. In the United States, the Greek Architecture can be seen in every official building today....

The first alphabet with vowels,,

The Greeks played an important part in the development of the alphabet....

The first two letters of the Greek alphabet - alpha and beta - have given us the word 'alphabet'.

More than 60.000 words are of a Greek origin n the English language alone!...

“I am coming to get you”

Since: Nov 11

Heraklion, Greece

#9 Nov 22, 2011
Leonidas was a king of Sparta, the 17th of the Agiad line, one of the sons of King Anaxandridas II of Sparta, who was believed in mythology to be a descendant of Heracles, possessing much of the latter's strength and bravery.

While it has been established that King Leonidas of Sparta died at the Battle of Thermopylae in August, 480 BC, very little is known about the year of his birth, or for that matter, his formative years. Paul Cartledge has narrowed the date of the birth of King Leonidas to around 540 BC.

Leonidas was one of three brothers: he had an older brother Dorieus and a younger brother Cleombrotus, who ruled as regent for a while on Leonidas' death before the regency was taken over by Pausanias, who was Cleombrotus' son...

Leonidas succeeded his half-brother Cleomenes I, probably in 489 or 488 BC, and was married to Cleomenes' daughter, Gorgo....

His name was raised to heroic status as a result of the events in the Battle of Thermopylae, one of the most famous battles in ancient history.

Since: Nov 11

Thrace, Greece

#11 Nov 24, 2011
1. The New York Times advertisement of 4/26/92 says, "4000 years of Greek History, 4000 years of Greek Culture, 4000 years of Greek Heritage... Skopje's government seeking recognition as the 'Republic of Macedonia' perpetuates a fraud." Pamphlets distributed in churches stated, "Macedonia has been Greek for 3,000 years.

In ancient times Macedonians spoke Greek, worshipped Greek gods, expressed their creativity through Greek art and maintained a refined Greek culture ... all archaeological discoveries continue to unearth more information attesting to the indisputable Greekness of Macedonia."

2. "Out of the blue, in 1944, the Yugoslav communist leader, Tito, wishing to weaken Serbia on the one hand, and set the footing for future territorial claims against Greece on the other, schemingly gave South Serbia the Greek name 'Macedonia' and re-wrote the 'history' books to declare that ancient Macedonia was Slavic and that these people were descendants of Alexander the Great."

3. "The existence of a 'Slav' Macedonia could never be, and indeed, has never been supported either by historical data, or by ethnographic maps, or by statistics, or by some census, or by archaeological finds, or by even an obscure mention of such a nation from antiquity till today."

4. "Macedonia has been the name of Northern Greece for more than 3000 years. The Greek region ... has one of the most homogeneous populations in the world (98.5% Greek). Its population speaks Greek, feels Greek, is Greek."

5. "An independent 'Macedonia' would monopolize the name at the expense of the real Macedonians who are twice the number of the Slavs. The use and abuse of the name would cause widespread confusion as is already apparent."

6. "Macedonia is an indispensable part of Greece's historical heritage it cannot identify, in an ethnic sense another nation."

7. "The Skopje 'language' is undeniably Slavic."

8. "The Slavs did not set foot in the Balkans until 1000 years after Alexander the Great."

9. "The name 'Macedonia (which is etymologically Greek) was in use at least 1500 years before the arrival of the first Slavs..."

10. "Every known Macedonian town, river and person had a Greek name – Philip (lover of horse), Alexander (protector of men), Archelaus (leader of people), Amyntas (defender), Ptolemy (warlike), Bucephalus (ox-head)..."

11. "The Old Testament (Daniel Ch. 8) and the New Testament (Acts Ch. 17) confirm the Greekness of Alexander and the Macedonians."

12. "It was the Greek language that was taken to Asia (Bible written in Greek) and cities with Greek names and institutions that were founded."

13. "There are 60,000 archaeological finds that confirm that the Macedonians were Greek in language, culture and religion."

14. "The home of the Greek gods was in Macedonia. Is it feasible that a people would worship its national gods in a foreign country?"

15. " Yugoslav Macedonia is not even geographically in the territory occupied by ancient Macedonia."

“I am coming to get you”

Since: Nov 11

Heraklion, Greece

#12 Nov 26, 2011
Athena's Birth.

Zeus came to lust after Metis, and chased her in his direct way. Metis tried to escape, going so far as to change her form many times...

Turning into various creatures such as hawks, fish, and serpents. However, Zeus was both determined and equally proficient at changing form. He continued his persuit until she relented...

An Oracle of Gaea then prophesied that Metis first child would be a girl but, her second child would be a boy that would overthrow Zeus as had happened to his father and grandfather. Zeus took this warning to heart...

When he next saw Metis he flattered her and put her at her ease. Then with Metis off gaurd Zeus suddenly opened his mouth and swallowed her. This was the end of Metis but, possibly the beginning of Zeus's wisdom...

After a time Zeus developed the mother of all headaches. He howled so loudly it could be heard throughout the earth. The other gods came to see what the problem was.

Hermes realized what needed to be done and directed Hephaestus to take a wedge and split open Zeus's skull. Out of the skull sprang Athena, full grown and in a full set of armour. Due to her manor of birth she has dominion over all things of the intellect..

Since: Nov 11

Thrace, Greece

#13 Nov 30, 2011
Helios.

Helios, the god of the sun, drove his fiery horses and golden chariot across the sky each day, bringing day, heat, and light.

Although his own origins are obscure, there is a myth concerning his son by the mortal Clymene, the boy Phaethon. Granted one wish, he chose to drive the chariot..!

Phaethon set fire to te earth in his dipping and diving, until Zeus was forced to throw a thunderbolt at him to cease the destruction!

Eventually, the earth recovered, and Helios, deeply saddened by his son's headstrong wish, returned to his daily task!

“I am coming to get you”

Since: Nov 11

Heraklion, Greece

#14 Dec 1, 2011
The Wanderings of Dionysus

Once he had grown to manhood Dionysus decided to wander far and wide, including areas outside of greece. Where ever he went he taught men how to cultivate vines, and the mysteries of his cult. He was accepted until he returned to his own country of Thebes.

As he journeyed back to greece he was spotted by pirates. He appeared to them as a rich young man. He might even be the son of a king. He certainly looked like his parents would pay a rich ransom for his safe return. Happy at their good luck the pirates siezed him and brought him aboard their ship. They then attempted to tie him to the ship but, the ropes refused to hold. Anyplace a rope touched him it just fell apart. Dionysus watched calmly, smiling.

After some time the helmsman realized that only a god could be responsible. He called out that the crew should free Dionysus and beg his forgiveness. But, the captain mocked the helmsman as a fool and called for the crew to set sail. The crew raised the sail and caught the wind but, the ship did not move. Looking around they saw the ship quickly becoming overgrown with vines that held it fast. Dionysus then changed himself into a lion and began to chase the crewmen. To escape they leaped overboard but, as they did they were changed to dolphins. Only on the helmsman did Dionysus have mercy.

As he passed through Thrance he was insulted by King Lycurgus, who bitterly opposed his new religion...

Initialy Dionysus retreated into the sea but, he returned, overpowered Lycurgus and imprisoned him in a rocky cave. Dionysus planned to let him reflect and learn from his mistakes.

However, Zeus did not care to have the gods insulted, so he blinded then killed Lycurgus.

He pressed on to Thebes, ruled by his cousin Pentheus. However, Pentheus did not know of Dionysus. Dionysus was with a group of his followers, who were naturally singing and dancing loudly, flushed with wine. Pentheus disliked the loud, strangers, and ordered his guards to imprison them all...

He refered to their leader as a cheating sorcerer from Lydia. When he said this the blind old phophet Teiresias, who had already dressed as one of Dionysus's followers gave Pentheus a warning: "The man you reject is a new god...

He is Semele's child, whom Zeus rescued. He, along with Demeter, are the greatest upon earth for men." Pentheus, seeing the strange garb Teiresias had on, laughed at him and ordered his guards to continue....

The guards soon found that ropes fell apart, latches fell open, and there they could not imprison Dionysus's followers. The took Dionysus to Pentheus....

Dionysus tried to explain at length his worship but, Pentheus listened only to his own anger and insulted Dionysus...

Finally, Dionysus gave up and left Pentheus to his doom...

Pentheus persued Dionysus followers up into the hills where they had gone after walking away from his prison. Many of the local women including Pentheus's mother and sister had joined them there...

Then Dionysus appeared to his followers in his most terrible aspect and drove them mad...

To them Pentheus appeared to be a moutain lion.

In a berserk rage they attacked him. Now Pentheus realized he had fought with a god and would die for it...

His mother was the first to reach him, and ripped his head off, while the others tore off his limbs

Since: Nov 11

Thrace, Greece

#15 Dec 2, 2011
{Atalanta}

Atalanta was a mortal heroine of Arcadia, an accomplished athlete and hunter....

She chose to remain a virgin, and claimed that she would only marry a man who could defeat her in a race on foot!!

In some myths, Atalanta would kill her suitors with a spear as she passed them in the race!!

The suitor Melanion (Hippomenes in some versions) won Atalanta in marriage with the aid of Aphrodite, who gave him three golden apples with which to beguile the heroine into stopping to collect the treasures!

Occupied in seeking the golden apples, Atalanta lost the race and became Melanion’s wife.

“I am coming to get you”

Since: Nov 11

Heraklion, Greece

#16 Dec 4, 2011
Athens was the most beautiful city in Greece. It grew up at the foot of the high rock known as the Acropolis, which in the earliest times was the citadel that defended the city.

The Acropolis had very strong walls, and the main entrance was guarded by nine gates, which must have made it almost impossible for an enemy to take, and there was a well within the fortress, so that there was always water for those who defended it.

But history has told us almost nothing about the mighty lords who built this fortress or about the life of the people over whom they ruled.

But if history is silent, legend has much to say. The earliest rulers of Athens were Kings, and of these one of the first was Cecrops. All kinds of stories gathered round his name, and it was believed that he was not altogether human, but a being who had grown out of the earth and was half-man and half-serpent. It was when he was King that the contest took place as to whether Athena, the grey-eyed Goddess of Wisdom, or Poseidon, Lord of the Sea, should be the special guardians of the city.

The victory was awarded to Athena, who, taking her spear, thrust it into the ground, whereupon an olive tree marvellously appeared....

Poseidon gave the horse as his gift to Athens, and legend adds that, striking the rock with his trident, he brought forth clear salt water, which he also gave to the Athenians.

For all time the olive was associated not only with Athena, but with Attica and Athens her city, and to the Athenians, the sea became almost like a second home.

The ancient kings claimed descent from the gods. They were not only the lawgivers, but they acted as judges, as chief priests, and in time of war as generals. All who were oppressed had the right to appeal to the judgment seat of the King and his decisions were final.

Though the King was the supreme ruler, there were assemblies of the chief men, always called the Elders, and of the People, who met whenever the King called them together..

These gathering were important, not because of any real power they possessed in early times, for they only met to hear what the King intended to do and never to discuss, but because it was from these assemblies that the power of the people to govern themselves developed!!!.

The greatest of the early Kings was Theseus, he who slew the Minotaur and freed Athens from paying tribute to Minos the Sea-King of Crete.

His greatest claim to be held in the remembrance of his countrymen was that it was believed to have been Theseus who united all Attica under the leadership of Athens!

Before this time all the towns and villages in Attica had been independent, but he "gathered together all the inhabitants of Attica into one town, and made them people of one city ... and gave the name of Athens to the whole state."...

(Plutarch: Life of Theseus ) Legend tells of him that he was good and merciful to all who were in need, and a protector of all who were oppressed, but he offended the gods in some way, and died in exile far from Athens.

Long centuries after, Cimon, an Athenian general, took possession of the island in which it was said that Theseus had been buried. Cimon

had a great ambition to find out the place where Theseus was buried and by chance spied an eagle on a rising ground, where on a sudden it came into his mind, as it were by some divine inspiration, to dig there, and search for the bones of Theseus...

There were found in that place a coffin of a man of more than ordinary size, and a brazen spear-head, and a sword lying by it, all of which he took aboard his galley and brought with him to Athens.

Upon which the Athenians, greatly delighted, went out to meet and receive the relics with splendid processions and with sacrifices, as if it were Theseus himself returning alive to the city..

Since: Nov 11

Thrace, Greece

#17 Dec 7, 2011
Poseidon.

God of the sea, protector of all waters. Poseidon is the brother of Zeus.

After the overthow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Hades, another brother, for shares of the world. His prize was to become lord of the sea.

He was widely worshiped by seamen.

He married Amphitrite, a granddaughter of the Titan Oceanus...

At one point he desired Demeter. To put him off Demeter asked him to make the most beautiful animal that the world had ever seen.

So to impress her Poseidon created the first horse.

In some accounts his first attempts were unsucessful and created a varity of other animals in his quest.

By the time the horse was created his passion for Demeter had cooled.

His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object.

He is second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods.

He has a difficult quarrelsome personality.

He was greedy.

He had a series of disputes with other gods when he tried to take over their cities.

Since: Nov 11

Thrace, Greece

#18 Dec 8, 2011
Greek History:

Alexander the Great gave this oath at Opis in 324 BC...

It was at a banquet before 9,000 Greek and Asian officers.

The Oath has been quoted mostly from Ptolemy who had possessed Alexander's diary.

Others were Plutarch, and Erathostenes. Over the centuries wording has been changed but the main points are still there.

“ It is my wish, now that wars are coming to an end, that you should all be happy in peace.
From now on, let all mortals live as one people, in fellowship, for the good of all.

See the whole world as your homeland, with laws common to all, where the best will govern regardless of their race.

Unlike the narrow minded, I make no distinction between Greeks and Barbarians.

The origin of citizens, or the race into which they were born, is of no concern to me.

I have only one criterion by which to distinguish their virtue.

For me any good foreigner is a Greek and any bad Greek is worse than a barbarian.

If disputes ever occur among you, you will not resort to weapons but will solve them in peace.

If need be, I shall arbitrate between you.
See God not as an autocratic despot, but as the common father of all and thus your conduct will be like the lives of brothers within the same family.


I on my part, see you all as equal, whether you are white or dark-skinned.

And I should like you not simply to be subjects of my Commonwealth, but members of it, partners of it.

To the best of my ability, I shall strive to do what I have promised.

Keep as a symbol of love this oath which we have taken tonight with our libations.”

An oath, from a man that states he is Greek..
Because he was the Greatest of all Greeks!!!

“I am coming to get you”

Since: Nov 11

Heraklion, Greece

#19 Dec 12, 2011
{Demeter}

Demeter, goddess of the harvest, was Zeus' sister. While many of the Greek goddesses were "adopted" into Greek religion from other cultures, the cult of Demeter seems to have originated in Greece.

Her cult was centered on the town of Eleusis, where the Eleusian Mysteries were held in honor of Demeter and her daughter each year.

Demeter had a daughter with Zeus named Kore. Kore quickly became associated with, and then merged with, Persephone , a pre-Greek goddess of the dead.

Demeter was responsible for bringing crops to fruition, both wild and cultivated.

If she did not give her blessing to the earth, famine and starvation would follow.

In the myths, Persephone was kidnapped by Hades , god of the underworld, to be his queen. Demeter was so stricken that she disguised herself as an old woman and wandered the earth, seeking her lost daughter.

Eventually she came to Eleusis, where a local ruler took her into his home.

Zeus, knowing that if his sister was not given aid, the mortal world would perish, sent Hermes to bargain with Hades for the return of the sunny Persephone.

Hades slyly told Persephone that she was free to go -- and then gave her a handful of pomegranate seeds to eat if she was hungry on the way back to the surface.

Persephone ate four seeds, and thus she was bound to spend four months of the year with Hades in his dark kingdom.

During that period, Demeter was so sorrowful that she allowed the earth to grow barren and the plants to wither despite the bright sun..

The myth of Demeter explains why the harsh Greek summers rendered crops and wild plants alike unproductive, and also why Eleusis was a special place for the cult of Demeter.

“I am coming to get you”

Since: Nov 11

Heraklion, Greece

#20 Dec 13, 2011
When Alexander was sixteen, Philip left him in charge of Macedonia while he went away on a campaign against the people of Byzantium..

The Maedi rebelled while Philip was gone, and Alexander led an army against their largest city.

He moved out the Maedi and renamed the city "Alexandropolis," after himself.

Philip put Alexander in command of the cavalry at the Battle of Chaeronea, 4 and Alexander led the charge that broke the Theban Sacred Band.

This early bravery made his father so fond of him that Philip liked nothing better than to hear his soldiers say that Philip was their general, but Alexander was their king.

Philip had a stormy home life with Alexander's mother, Olympias. Philip had spied on her once and seen a snake in her bed, and ever since then they had been estranged.

Philip's new marriages enraged Olympias, who was a violent, jealous, and unforgiving woman. The trouble in the women's chambers spread to the whole kingdom. Olympias even managed to turn Alexander against his father.

The breaking point came when Philip married Cleopatra, the very young niece of Attalus.

At the wedding feast, Attalus (who was drunk), in his toast, asked the Macedonians to pray to the gods for a lawful successor to the kingdom through his niece...

This so irritated Alexander that he threw a cup at Attalus and shouted: "What am I then -- a bastard?" Philip (who was also drunk) took Attalus' side and came at Alexander with a sword, but he slipped and fell down on the floor...

Alexander derided his drunk and clumsy father and then left Macedonia, along with Olympias.

An old friend of the family came to visit Philip, and Philip asked him if the Greeks were at peace with each other.

The visitor replied:

"It is strange that you are so worried about Greece when your own house is torn apart by so many wars."

Philip got the point, and called Alexander home.

But soon another matter came between Alexander and his father.

Alexander's ultimate goal was to unite all Greeks, and conquer the world, as he finally did!

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