Must-Have Psychology Books for Beginners
Aug 19, 2011 | Posted by: roboblogger | Full story: Buzzle.com
Starting out on psychology classes can be daunting. You need to learn a lot of things in a short time.
Pure horse manure. Propaganda that the mental Health Industry has merit, status when it lacks any science.
Inside the Battle to Define Mental Illness
Every so often Al Frances says something that seems to surprise even him. Just now, for instance, in the predawn darkness of his comfortable, rambling home in Carmel, California, he has broken off his exercise routine to declare that “there is no definition of a mental disorder. It’s bullshit. I mean, you just can’t define it.” Then an odd, reflective look crosses his face, as if he’s taking in the strangeness of this scene: Allen Frances, lead editor of the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (universally known as the DSM-IV), the guy who wrote the book on mental illness, confessing that “these concepts are virtually impossible to define precisely with bright lines at the boundaries.” For the first time in two days, the conversation comes to an awkward halt.
Pasted from < http://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/12/ff_dsmv... ;
There are no genetic tests, no brain scans, blood tests, chemical imbalance tests or X-rays that can scientifically/medically prove that any psychiatric disorder is a medical condition.
Psychiatric Diagnosis: Too Little Science, Too Many Conflicts of Interest [i]
Paula J. Caplan, Ph.D.
There is a lot of pain and suffering in the world, and it is tempting to believe that the mental health community knows how to help. It is widely believed, both by mental health professionals and the general population, that if only a person gets the right psychiatric diagnosis, the therapist will know what kind of measures will be the most helpful. Unfortunately, that is not usually the case, and getting a psychiatric diagnosis can often create more problems than it solves, including a lifetime of being labeled, difficulties with obtaining affordable (or any) health insurance (due to now having a pre-existing condition), loss of employment, loss of child custody, the overlooking of physical illnesses and injuries because of everything being attributed to psychological factors, and the loss of the right to make decisions about one’s medical and legal affairs. The creation and use of psychiatric diagnosis, unlike, for instance, psychiatric drugs, is not overseen by any regulatory body, and rarely does anyone raise the question of what role the assignment of a psychiatric label has played in creating problems for individuals.[ii]
The Problematic History
These serious limitations have not prevented the authors of the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), sometimes known as “the therapist’s Bible,” from making expansive claims about their knowledge and authority and wielding enormous power to decide who will and will not be called mentally ill and what the varieties of alleged mental illness will be. The DSM’s current edition is called DSM-IV-TR, and it was preceded by the original DSM (in 1952), then DSM-II (1968), DSM-III (1980), DSM-III-R (Third Edition Revised)(1987), DSM-IV (1994), and DSM-IV-TR (2000). The DSM-V is currently in preparation and slated for 2013 publication. Each time a new edition appears, the media ask whichever psychiatrist is the lead editor why a new edition was necessary, and like clockwork, each editor replies that it was because the previous edition really wasn’t scientific (Caplan, 1995). And each time a new edition appears, it contains many more categories than does the previous one. For instance, DSM-III-R contained 297 categories, and DSM-IV contained 374 (Caplan, 1995).
I served as an advisor to two of the DSM-IV committees, before resigning due to serious concerns after witnessing how fast and loose they play with the scientific research related to diagnosis (Caplan, 1995). The DSM is widely used, not only in the mental health system, but also in general medical practice, in schools, and in the courts. I have been involved since 1985 in trying to alert both therapists and the public to the manual’s unscientific nature and the dangers that believing in its objectivity poses. Since then, I have watched with interest a national trend toward gradually increasing openness to the idea that psychiatric diagnosis (A)is largely unscientific,(B)is highly subjective and political, and (C)can cause untold harm, ranging from the patients’ lowered self-confidence to loss of custody of children to loss of health insurance (because any psychiatric label can be considered evidence of a pre-existing condition) to loss of the right to make decisions about their medical and legal affairs.
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Here's what we can do
If the State or Federal Government were really serious on health care they would require the mental Health Industry to be based on evidence based medicine only. The Mental health Industry represents 75 percent of Disability payments and 80 percent of VA benefits. The Mental Health Industry is the prime reason for the instability in the society and the Health care woes of this nation. They are political with no science.
That action of requiring Medical Based medicine for the Mental health Industry would cripple the Republican Party ability to drug America, Fail the Republican attempt to infiltrate the judiciary and create the Mental Health Court . It would play havoc to the Republican Private Prison System. It would cut the pharmaceutical industry profits and put the army of pharmaceutical drug salesmen on the street selling pencils. It would trash the theories of the APA in their development of their bible "the DSM" which was developed at the yearly APA circle jerk and raising of hands. It would also cut the Government payouts for Medicare drugs and mental health services saving billions of dollars and it would snap the attempt to license psychologists to prescribe more mind drugs. It would save the lives of thousands of people and children death and medical harm including the compromising of their sanity on the falsehood of mental health diagnoses and prescribing of mind drugs. It would clear out the expense of the Mental Health Industry hanging around at the local schools with no science and pure bull manure as propaganda. It would cripple the school system by eliminating the program IDEA to drug unsuspecting normal children with a bogus diagnoses for mind drugging. It would be a real kick in the balls to the Republicans and their political objective. A slap in their face, a piss on their head.
Pasted from < http://www.topix.com/forum/law/healthcare/T7H... ;
There Are NO tests for "Chemical Imbalances"
American Psychiatric Association admitted it lied to the American Public
Without a test for chemical balance the mental health (psychiatry) is limited in the ancillary tests of medicine like an EKG, EEG, blood work or other tests in the diagnoses of a patient. They aren't needed in Psychiatry. Psychiatry wouldn't know a good chemical balance from a bad chemical balance or an imbalance of chemistry in the brain. It was a fraud designed to drug and addict the American (world) population and to create a mentally compromised person for political and financial reasons.
The psychiatric diagnosis is made on the basis of behavior and hearsay at the discretion and feeling of the therapist (psychiatrist) who makes money from the prescription drugs and office visits.
If we respect metabolic changes based on daily dietary habits, weight gain / loss , terms of the survival of the organisms as a person age along with physical conditioning, physical illness, electrolyte level, gender differences , body temperature, I don't see where the Mental Health Industry could conform to any consistency in data with consideration to the above to state a person has a mental disease or illness based on chemical imbalance.
The fraud has been going on for more then 40 years since H W Bush was CEO, Eli Lilly and before his VP under the Reagan Presidency (1980's) when the essential Amino Acid "Tryptophan" was limited in the food chain by the FDA and Prozac entered the market place. Lots of people compromised under the fraud of mental health services with made to order mental illnesses with mind altering drugs as the capitalist & political solution for some.
There Are No "Chemical Imbalances"
"The hypothetical disturbances of neurochemical function that are said to underlie "mental illness" are just that: hypothetical. No experiment has ever shown that anyone has an "imbalance" of any neurotransmitters or any other brain chemicals. Nor could any conceivable experiment demonstrate the existence of a "chemical imbalance," simply because no one, least of all the biopsychiatrists, has the slightest idea what a proper and healthy chemical "balance" would look like."
"...the views and beliefs of biopsychiatry have nothing to do with the answers to scientific questions in any case: the hunt for biological "causes" of "mental illness" is an entirely fallacious enterprise in the first place; the non- existence of data to support its assertions is quite beside the point."
"The latest edition of one pharmacology text has this to say about the status of depression as a disease: "Despite extensive efforts, attempts to document the metabolic changes in human subjects predicted by these [biological] hypotheses have not, on balance, provided consistent or compelling corroboration." This is a long-winded way of admitting that not even a scrap of evidence supports the idea that depression results from a "chemical imbalance." Yet patients are told every day - by their doctors, by the media, and by drug company advertising - that it is a proven scientific fact that depression has a known biochemical origin. It follows directly that millions of Americans are being lied to by their doctors; and people surely can't give informed consent for drug treatment when what they're being "informed" is a fraud...
To sum up: there is no evidence whatsoever to support the view that "mental illness" is biochemical in origin; in other words, things like "Unipolar Disorder" and "Attention Deficit Disorder" simply do not exist."
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