Epididymitis can induce infertility
Posted in the Epidemiology Forum
#1 Oct 25, 2013
Can menís epididymitis induce death of the sperm? The epididymitis is a common disease of men. Quite a lot of men know a little about it in the early period, which induce the epididymitis to occur repeatedly for a long time. When you come to the childbearing age yourself, and find the survival rate of sperm very low, there is a link between this and epididymitis.
Then why do epididymitis induce death of sperm? We will introduce the effects that epididymitis makes to the sperm, for a better recognition of this kind of diseases.
Decrease the spermí capacity for action.
When the epididymis is infected by the pathogens, some pathogens(such as Escherichia coli) can cause direct damage to the sperm in the epididymal duct, and suppress the activity of sperm or make the sperm agglutinated. Some pathogens(such as mycoplasma and chlamydia) would hold on to the surface of sperm, making the activity of sperm decreasing or even disappearing.
Block the channel of sperm
If the epididymitis is induced by gonococcus, mycoplasma, chlamydia and some other pathogens, not only would inflammatory reaction happen and damage the sperm, induce the shrink or blockage of epididymis lumen easily, which would cause the incomplete or complete blockage in the joint of tail of epididymis and testicular ducts.
Trap the sperm
Epididymitis is also the important reason of forming anti-sperm antibody in the malesí body.
When the epididymis is infected with inflammation, the self-defense system of ourselves would act immediately: white blood cell, lymphocyte, some other immune cell and humoral immune material would enter the inflammatory epididymal duct, cleaning the pathogens, which is the immune reaction in medicine, producing immune cells. In the meanwhile, the identification ability of immune cells for the self-tissue is decreasing apparently. And the immune cell can react immune response directly to the antigen material on the surface of sperm or in the seminal plasma, forming anti-sperm antibody, which would directly induce death of the sperm.
In general, the epididymitis induce death of the sperm by various means including lowering the activity of sperm, block the channel of sperm and kill the sperm by producing anti-sperm antibody. So that, if you are infected with infertility, you should check your epididymis as well.
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