Measures of Association question help!

Measures of Association question help!

Posted in the Epidemiology Forum

yogurt boy

Palo Alto, CA

#1 Feb 22, 2008
1. In a study of risk factors associated with hip fracture in postmenopausal women, the baseline characteristics included smoking status. Of 47,023 who had never smoked, 565 had fractures in the 5 years of follow-up. Of those who were past smokers (n=39,514), 456 had a fracture in the follow-up period. And of the 5,791 current smokers at baseline, 96 had a fracture occur in the follow-up period.

a.What is the measure of association between smoking and hip fracture, for those who were current smokers at baseline compared to those who were never smokers?(show table and calculations)

San Jose, CA

#2 Oct 27, 2011
I am no math genius, but looking at the figures you presented, I can assume that smoking can put patient at risk for hip fracture. This is not a good sign especially now that hip replacement is facing numerous complaints like what is written here .

Chicago, IL

#4 Dec 1, 2011
Indeed there are a lot of study associating smoking as one of the major causes of osteoporosis and women are the ones who are at risk with it. It is best that women should have daily intake of calcium.

Brooklyn, NY

#5 Oct 27, 2012
There is a study that links smokers to be prone on hip fractures, it is best to check more information about hip fractures leading to hip replacements at

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