Unfortunately, you data would not be protected by either. Facts, such as data, generally not protectable. Copyright, at least in U.S., really protects expression, not the underlying information. So you could (maybe) protect the "selection, arrangement, coordination" of data, but not the data itself. Similarly, with patents, you could not protect the data, but perhaps get a patent on the type of experiment, such as the method or process, or any unique type of apparatus used in the process.
Hope this helps.