Iran: Aryanism to Pan Turkism
Posted in the Khorasan, Iran Forum
#1 Dec 2, 2007
ran: From Aryanism to Pan Turkism
The following article "Iran and Azerbaijani Language" published in nationmaster.com is an important article that presents the views and the dilemas of Azeri Turk leadership of Iranian government.
According to the University of Michigan website the Turkish languages are classified according to this scheme: The Turkic languages, belonging to the Altaic language family, may be classified into four groupings linguistically and geographically:
* I. Northwestern (Kipchak)
* Bashkir, Crimean Tatar, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim,
* Karakalpak, Kazakh, Kazan Tatar, Kumyk, Nogai.
* II. Northeastern (Siberian) group
* Altai, Kyrgyz, Khakass, Shor, Tofa, Tuvanian, Yakut, Yellow Uighur.
* III. Southwestern (Oghuz) group:
* Azerbaijani, Gagauz, Turkish, Turkmen.
* IV. Southeastern (Chagatai) group:
* Salar, Uighur, Uzbek.
* V. Chuvash.
In other words Azeri and Anatolian Turkish are in the same category and they belong to Oghuz Turk languages. Oghuz Turks came to Iran between 11 and 15 century and settled in Azerbaijan. Any theory about Azeris in Azerbaijan should address these facts. As we will see how the Azeri Turk author of the article avoids these realities and creates an imaginary history for Azeris and suggests solutions that only shows the primitive nature of Azeri Turk ruling elite in Tehran.
On the question of Azeri turk ethnic group in Iran the regime faces the following dilema with different policy implications which has entirely different consequences for the ruling class and their relation with the general population in Iran.
Azeris as "Turkified Aryan Iranians"
First option is to continue the polices of Shah's regime as they have done for the last 27 years and call Azeri turks for "Turkified Aryan Iranians" who are allegedly been turkified by Oghuz Turks from 11 century to the 15 century. That is Azeris are "Iranians" who have lost their language and adopted Turkish language because of Oghuz Turks invasion of Iran. Some Azeris are under strong influence of this theory. Those Azeris think if they refuse to speak in Azeri language or foget the Azeri language, they will be "de-turkified" and "turn into Persians". That is the case with some Azeris that live mostly in Tehran. This option will lead to a stronger protest movement in Azerbaijan for ethnic and cultural rights and can generate momentum for an independent Azerbaijan State which can form a union with The Republic of Azerbaijan and even Turkey.
Azeris as Turks
Second Option is to recognize Azeris in Iran as a turkish ethnic group who have a turkish origin and are not related to the natives of Iran who have non-turkish origins. In other words "Azeris are really turks and nobody has forced them to speak Azeri Turkish language". Related to this option is to recognize Azeri Turk language as an official language and granting full ethnic rights to Azeri Turks. In short term this option will go half way to meet the demands of Azeri Turks in Azerbaijan and it may strenghten the regime in Tehran on a short term basis. But the long term effects of this option will generate a lot of complications which regime will not be able to solve and speed up the down fall of the regime in Tehran.
Continue here: Iran: From Aryanism to Pan Turkism
See also: The The Policy of Turkification of Iran
Persians and Hollywood
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