ALL of the decisions of the USurpreme Kourt have been erroneous on the Right to Keep and Bear Arms. The right pre-exists all American constitutions. And was a reserved right of the people from ALL government 'control'. We held it as British subjects, and brought it with us when becoming citizens of the United States of America. To Wit:<quoted text>Basically the 14th amendment left the US Bill of Rights in the US Constitution up to the SCOTUS to specify which of the Federal Bill of Rights of the US Constitution that the states had to guarantee and the 2nd amendment was the last one to be incorporated & forced down to the state & local level which we can thank the Republicans for the 14th amendment.
Incorporation of the Bill of Rights
The incorporation of the Bill of Rights (or incorporation for short) is the process by which American courts have applied portions of the U.S. Bill of Rights to the states. Prior to 1868 (passage of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution's due process clause), the Bill of Rights was held only to apply to the federal government. Under the incorporation doctrine, most provisions of the Bill of Rights now also apply to the state and local governments.
Prior to the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment and the development of the incorporation doctrine, the Supreme Court in 1833 held in Barron v. Baltimore that the Bill of Rights applied only to the federal, but not any state governments. Even years after the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment, the Supreme Court in United States v. Cruikshank (1876) still held that the First and Second Amendment did not apply to state governments. However, beginning in the 1920s, a series of United States Supreme Court decisions interpreted the Fourteenth Amendment to "incorporate" most portions of the Bill of Rights, making these portions, for the first time, enforceable against the state governments.
Right to keep and bear arms
This right has been incorporated against the states. See McDonald v. Chicago (2010).
The Fourteenth Amendment: The Framing of America's Second Constitution
"Not that the right to keep and bear arms owed its origin to the constitution, for none knew better than the framers of that instrument that the right was pre-existent, and older than any and all constitutions. Therefore, as maintained in the argument, those profound and erudite statesmen chose for their purpose, not the language by which some new boon was to be created or bestowed, but that by which an old and immemorial right was to be recognized and fortified--"the right of the people *** shall not be infringed."- Judge William Henry Barnum,[People, Ex. Rel. Bielfeld, v. Affelt. Illinois--Cook County Circuit Court. 1879.]
(That court case was removed from public record. For the Judge went into discussion of our right in better fashion,(for the most part), than any case I've ever seen).
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Black, along with Justices Douglas and Swayne made the same basic argument in Adamson v. People Of State Of California, U.S. Supreme Court,(Justice Black, Douglas and Swayne in Dissent), June 23, 1947.
The right is in no wise dependent upon a piece of paper for existence. It is ours whether our governments want it to be or not.