I believe there was a civil war just prior to that amendment. Although one way to propose an amendment is through congress, the states amend the constitution. I would have to research that to see if southern states had seats in congress yet. The 14th was passed using extortion. The southern states were required to vote for it in order to regain their seats. It is possible the same was required for the 13th.<quoted text>
Then explain the Thirteenth(13th) Amendment, a clear cut case of the federal government superseding the will/wants/desires of some states for the betterment of its people/the Nation as a whole.
Both amendments were needed to overcome the Dred Scott decision. They are an extension of the 5th amendment and not a social issue. A state can add rights, but can't take away rights found in the bill of rights. The states already had the other rights incorporated into their own constitutions. The point is, the federal government can't take them away. The danger now is we are being ruled by nine unelected justices legislating from the bench using selective incorporation.