Fewer workers cross border, creating U.S. farm labor shortage
On more than 10,000 acres of drained swampland in western New York, Maureen Torrey's family farm grows an assortment of vegetables in the dark, nutrient-rich soil known as "Elba muck." Like other farms in the area, Torrey Farms Inc.
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“A Nation of Legal Immigrants”
Since: Nov 07
Lake City Florida,/ Nebraska
#1 Jul 3, 2012
THE ABC'S OF IMMIGRATION - H-2A VISAS FOR TEMPORARY AGRICULTURAL WORKERS
There are two general requirements to obtain workers on H-2A visas. First,
the employer must demonstrate that there are not sufficient able, willing
and qualified US workers available at the time and place needed. Second, the
employer must show the use of foreign workers will not create an adverse
effect on the wages or working conditions of similarly employed US workers.
Farmworkers generally receive either an hourly wage or are paid by the
piece. However, under the H-2A program H-2A workers must be offered the same
wage as US workers. This has been interpreted to mean the higher of the
· The industry's prevailing wage in the relevant labor market,
· The state or federal minimum wage, or
· The "adverse effect wage rate"
The adverse effect wage rate, or AEWR, is currently set at the prior year's
average hourly wage for agricultural and livestock workers determined by the
Department of Agriculture. For workers who are paid by the piece, if their
wages are not equal to the AEWR, the employer must make up the difference.
On or before each day when the H-2A worker is paid, the employer must
provide the worker with an earnings statement detailing the alien's total
earnings, whether the alien is paid hourly or by the piece, the hours of
work offered, and the hours actually worked.
Employers are required to provide H-2A workers with a number of benefits.
· The employee must be provided with transportation to and from the worker's
temporary home to the workplace.
· When the contract period is up, the employer must provide the worker with
transportation home or to their next workplace.
· Employers must provide housing to all H-2A workers who do not commute. The
housing must be inspected by the Department of Labor and must meet minimum
federal standards for temporary labor camps.
· The employer must either provide three meals a day or facilities in which
the worker can prepare food.
· The employer must also provide any tools and supplies necessary to perform
· The employer must also provide workers' compensation insurance to H-2A
NOW YOU KNOW WHY "FARMERS" LIKE TO USE ILLEGAL ALIENS!
#2 Jul 3, 2012
#3 Jul 3, 2012
If they use H2A it will cost the agricultural companies as much as it would to hire citizens to do the work.
#4 Jul 3, 2012
Good luck finding the local people to pick the crops. I'll wager that there is nobody in that area willing to pick,other than migrant workers.So, unless the local folks pull together and get the picking done, crops are lost. It is good to have immigrants working these jobs since nobody in this country is willing to do the work.
Since: Aug 11
#5 Jul 3, 2012
every year in the central valley of ca the same thing is said,and am sure if anyone would check can find it written in all places where illegal labor is used.
even with the visa programs,yet the folks who use the visa program and never interviewed.
hear of a labor shortage for this or that then read of a bumper harvest of their crops later.
#6 Jul 3, 2012
Migrants have picked crops for years. Unfortunately illegal aliens have been allowed to force the immigrant workers out because illegal aliens work cheaper. Not paying taxes and collecting welfare for their children while working illegally means that illegal aliens can afford to work cheaper than immigrants. Since the law requires that immigrant workers who are not citizens working on H2A visas be paid fairly and given safe and sanitary living and working conditions agricultural companies prefer to hire illegal aliens because it is cheaper and easier to exploit illegal aliens. Using illegal and before that slave labor has been a traditional way for large agricultural companies to increase profits since the beginning of recorded history.
#7 Jul 3, 2012
I *did* the work. It put me through school. It's a great way to get an education and not emerge with a mountain of debt.
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