I have 2 questions concerning the testing selection protocals: i.e., test the yellow jersey, stage winner and 2 random riders.I did some looking back at the Tour. Landis was in the yellow jersey and therefore tested after Stage 11, 12, 15, 19, and 20. He won stage 17 and was tested. I also believe every rider goes through blood work ups prior to the Tour. If that is true then we would know that he was definitely tested 7 times. He may have been tested as a random test on another occasion.
Question 1: what if the YJ is also the stage winner? Is another rider tested, like maybe #2 GC or stage?
Question 2: Are the random riders truly random or do the powers that be have some discretion here? Is has been suggested that if Landis had allowed someone to finish first on stage 17, he could have had a great (2 out of ~170) of not being tested. Having some discretion in who to test could be used to test a rider who showed a strong rider, but failed to either win the stage or the YJ.