Sure there were. And in Louisiana territory there was a black woman who own land and slaves, Therease Coincoin.<quoted text>
There were no free blacks when the 3/5 clause was written in the constitution.
Are you fkn kidding me or what?
Slaves were to a landowner back then like a tractor is today. That doesn't mean black women land owners ( land grant was from spain) were racist haters of their own race, it was just how things got planted tended and harvested