Africa needed NOTHING from Europeans, and Islam only introduced a written form of communication (Arabic), which W.Africans used to create a written form of their many languages their WORDS were there BOND (Maat) education was TAUGHT, not read in some book that can be altered like the Bible and Quran. Both the Arab and European have done more to disrupt and destroy Africa than help.I listened on the radio. Obama talks a good game but he does not have the mind to really comprehend the details of the job and he is a failed leader much like Idi Amin, Marion Berry, Maxine Waters or Charley Rangel who can incite a mob but cannot lead a high school band let alone a nation. Just look at Uganda, Haiti, Sudan, Somalia, Harlem, South Central Los Angeles or any other city/nation that is run by Africans or decedents from Africa with the sole exception of those who are Biblical Christians with strong morals and values. Most Africans lack these strong values and boundaries and lack the self control and self discipline to be leaders.
To my mind the sole exception was Nelson Mandela that keep his "Christian" name of Nelson rather than being named and identified with other corrupt and immoral African failures. Mandela also refused to confiscate the wealth of Whites, something that every other Black leader has done to the destruction of that nation/state/city/country.
What affect did the coming of Islam have on African religion, society, political structures, trade and culture?
So yea basically the question is already stated.
I know that the basic tenets of Islam were in conflict with traditional African religion and that the expansion of Islam is what contributed to the fall of Axum.
Islam had a wide ranging and diverse effect on ancient African societies. The most profound was literacy. Before Islam many, not all african societies had only oral cultures. This is true especially of West Africa. These west african peoples created great urban civilizations, most famous example is Djenne in Mali several 100 years ( almost a full millenium) before Mohammed was even born or west africans ever encountered Arabs and Islam .However unlike Kemet or Nubia or Aksum and other Ethiopian civilizations, they never developed a written language of their own.