The first verse revealed was Surah Al-Alaq, which goes "Read in the thy Lord who created, created man from a clot. And read for you Lord is most generous, who taught by the pen, taught man what he did not know."<quoted text>
Where would that be? It's definitely not in the first surah. There the muslims just ask their imaginary friend for guidance.
But of course the only learning that Islam wants is religious learning. When Muslims say that Islam promotes learning and such, it is almost always learning the Qur'an, Hadith, stories of the prophets, fiqh, shariah, and other Islamic topics.
That is why in Muslim countries you see such an abundance of priests and religious clerics, and few scientists, doctors, or engineers. Their society teaches that learning religion is the most important of all scholarly pursuits.