The Study of Jeremiah Chapters 18-20
Posted in the Yukon Forum
#1 Oct 6, 2013
Dear Ladies and Gentlemen:
I greet you in the name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. It is my sincere prayer that you are being Blessed even as you read this email.
Today, we will continue the study of the Book of Jeremiah Chapters 18-20.
18:13. Virgin (daughter of) is a set phrase that often refers to certain nations or peoples.
18:14. Various translation problems attend this verse. Some suggest that field should be changed to read a word of closely related Hebrew consonants-"mountain. " Likewise, the verb forsaken is taken by some as "cease to flow." In any case, the application is clear. Although the supply of snow and waters is dependable, Judah has been fickle and unfaithful.
18:18. Jeremiah again lets his readers understand some of the constant persecution he faces (cf. 11:18, 19) and renews his plea for safety and deliverance from the designs of evil men (cf. Ps. 43:1; 59:1, 2).
19:5, 6. See the note on 7:31, 32.
19:9. This gruesome prophecy (cf. Lev. 26:29; Deut. 28:53-57) literally came to pass in each of Jerusalem's great captivities, 586 B.C.(cf. Lam. 2:20; 4:10) and A.D. 70 (see Josephus Wars of the Jews 6.4). This also occurred in an earlier siege of Samaria by the Arameans (2 Kin. 6:26-31).
20:1, 2. This is not the Pashur of 21:1; 38:1. This Pashur was a priest and chief officer of the temple police. Because another is mentioned later as holding this position (29:25, 26), Pashur either died soon after this or may have been carried away captive in the siege of Jerusalem in 598/597 B.C.
20:3. Pashur is given a name that symbolizes the great terror that will come upon Judah and Jerusalem. The Hebrew Magor-missabib, "Terror on Every Side," is often used by Jeremiah (6:25; 20:3, 10; 46:5; 49:29; Lam. 2:22).
20:7. Jeremiah often allows the reader to see his inner turmoil in the midst of his continuous persecution. It will not do to attempt to soften the language as some have suggested. The believer is at times so overcome by circumstances that he says things that on more sober reflection are, at best, inadvisable (cf. Ps. 73:1-22). The verb translated deceived is a strong one and can be translated "seduced" (cf. Ex. 22:16; 1 Kin. 22:20-22). Jeremiah complains that God had overpowered him when He called him. But God had warned him of all that he would face right from the start (1:18), and had reassured His prophet on several occasions.(cf. 11:18-12:17; 15:10-21; 17:7-18). However black the circumstance, the believer must come to trust in God's abiding presence with him (cf. Josh. 1:5; Heb.13:5, 6).
Yours in Jesus Christ,
Bishop William B. Caractor
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